Amorots-Succos

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Amorots-Succos
The Town Hall at Amorots
The Town Hall at Amorots
Amorots-Succos is located in France
Amorots-Succos
Amorots-Succos
Coordinates: 43°21′58″N 1°06′39″W / 43.3661°N 1.1108°W / 43.3661; -1.1108Coordinates: 43°21′58″N 1°06′39″W / 43.3661°N 1.1108°W / 43.3661; -1.1108
Country France
Region Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Bayonne
Canton Saint-Palais
Intercommunality Amikuze
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2020) Arnaud Abbadie
Area1 15.20 km2 (5.87 sq mi)
Population (2009)2 228
 • Density 15/km2 (39/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 64019 / 64120
Elevation 65–266 m (213–873 ft)
(avg. 104 m or 341 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Amorots-Succos (Basque: Amorotze-Zokhozü) is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Aquitaine region of southwestern France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Amoroztar in Basque[1][2]

Geography[edit]

Amorots-Succos is located some 50 km east by south-east of Bayonne and 10 km north-west of Saint-Palais in the former Basque province of Lower Navarre. It can be accessed by the D123 road from Beguios in the east passing west through the village and the commune and continuing to La Bastide-Clairence. The D14 from Meharin to Garris also passes through the southern tip of the commune. The commune is mixed forest and farmland with no other villages or hamlets.[3]

Hydrography[edit]

Numerous streams rise and flow through the commune including the Ruisseau d'Isaac Berds which forms part of the western border and flows to the Laharanne which eventually joins the Lihoury far to the north, the Jelesseko Erika forming the south-eastern border, the Ruisseau de Cherrits in the south, the Ruisseau d'Otherguy, and many other unnamed streams.[3]

Places and Hamlets[4][edit]

  • Aguerréa
  • Ameztoya (ruins)
  • Amiasorhoa
  • Ansobieta
  • Apatia
  • Apetchéko Borda
  • Arangoïza
  • Arangoïzgaraya
  • Arrabichta
  • Berdeko Borda
  • Berhuéta
  • Bertrahandy
  • Bibens
  • Bidamberrita
  • Bidegain-de-Gain
  • Bidegain-de-Pé
  • Biscayluzia
  • Bordaberria
  • Cachantéguy
  • Carricaburua
  • Chastriaborda (ruins)
  • Culuteguia
  • Damassia
  • Ehulondoa
  • Errékaldéa
  • Errékartéa
  • Etchebérria
  • Etcheverria
  • Etorania
  • Garatéa
  • Garateko Borda
  • Haranéa
  • Ichobox
  • Ichorotzia
  • Idiartia
  • Iratzéburia
  • Isaac-Borda
  • Jauberria
  • Jelosséa
  • Joanteguia
  • Kakila
  • Kurku
  • Larraldéa (2 places)
  • Larréa
  • Lascouéta
  • Laurenzenia
  • Legarria
  • Miscoria
  • Olha
  • Olhakoborda
  • Olharanne
  • Ospilatéa[5]
  • Oxarania
  • Pacharreta
  • Padagoya
  • Sarhia
  • Sékailénia
  • Sorhuéta
  • Succos
  • Tipulatéya
  • Uhaldia

Neighbouring communes and villages[3][edit]

Toponymy[edit]

Brigitte Jobbé-Duval proposed a forest origin for Amorots meaning "the land of oaks". Succos derives from the Basque zoko meaning "isolated country".[1]

The current spelling in Basque is Amorotze-Zokotze.[6] Pierre Lhande, in his Basque-French Dictionary,[7] indicated the spelling Sokueze for Succos.

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Amorots Sanctus Vicentius de Maroz 1160 Orpustan Village
Maroth 1160 Orpustan
Morotz 1160 Orpustan
Amoros 1268 Orpustan
Amarotz 1305 Orpustan
Amarotz 1306 Orpustan
Amaroz 1350 Orpustan
Amoroz 1402 Raymond
5
Chapter
Amorotz 1413 Orpustan
Amorotz 1513 Raymond
5
Pamplona
Succos Sanctus Martinus de Trussecalau 1160 Orpustan Village
Sucox 1268 Orpustan
Succos 1304 Orpustan
Ssucos 1350 Orpustan
Çucoz 1413 Orpustan
Suquos 1513 Raymond
164
Pamplona
Croix Goïty Croix Goïty 1863 Raymond
72
Shrine
Croix d'Ichorox Croix d'Ichorox 1863 Raymond
81
Shrine
Ospitaléa Zabala y l’Ospital 1513 Raymond
127
Pamplona Farm with a small chapel nearby dependent on the Commandery of Irissary
L'Hopital d'Amorots 1708 Raymond
127
Irissarry
Ospital 1863 Raymond
127
Troussecaillau Troussecaillau 1863 Raymond
169
Fief, vassal of the Kingdom of Navarre

Sources:

Origins:

History[edit]

The village of Succos was united with Amorots on 16 August 1841.[5]

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[12]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2020 Arnaud Abbadie

(Not all data is known)

Inter-Communality[edit]

The commune belongs to six inter-communal associations:

  • The Community of Communes of Amikuze
  • the AEP Association of Mixe Country
  • the Energy Association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
  • the inter-communal association for the operation of schools in Amikuze
  • the Association to promote Basque culture
  • the educational grouping association for Amorots-Succos, Arraute-Charritte, Béguios, Masparraute, and Orègue

Demography[edit]

In 1350 there were 5 fires at Amorots and 10 at Succos.[13]

The fiscal census of 1412-1413[14] carried out[15] on the orders of Charles III of Navarre compared to the census of 1551 of men and arms that are present in the Kingdom of Navarre on this side of the ports[16] revealed a population in high growth. The first census showed 4 fires at Amorots while the second showed 13 (12 + 1 secondary fire). The same at Succos: the first census showed 5 fires and the second 19 (16 + 3 secondary fires).

The census of the population of Lower Navarre in 1695[17] counted 40 fires at Amorots and 32 at Succos. The total at the 1758 census was 74 fires[18] at Amorots.

In 2009 the commune had 228 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Evolution of the Population (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
305 310 236 363 356 330 473 462 437
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
402 405 413 396 385 377 407 358 332
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
356 352 358 337 356 328 307 324 291
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2009 -
267 249 244 267 222 204 - 228 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Amorots-Succos

From 1793 to 1836 the population above was only for Amorots which was separate from Succos. The population for Succos for that period is shown below:

Evolution of the Population of Succos
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836
129 118 126 125 133 144

Economy[edit]

The commune forms part of the Appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone of Ossau-iraty.

Culture and Heritage[edit]

Languages[edit]

According to the Map of the Seven Basque Provinces published in 1863 by Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte the dialect of Basque spoken in Amendeuix-Oneix is eastern low Navarrese.

Religious Heritage[edit]

Two religious sites in the commune are registered as historical monuments:

  • The Church of Saint-Martin of Succos, Cemetery, and old Guardhouse (12th century),Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[19] The cemetery wall serves as a fronton.
  • The Parish Church of Saint Luce (1880)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg[20] at Amorots.

Picture Gallery[edit]

Facilities[edit]

Education
Amorots-Succos, Masparraute, Orègue, Béguios, and Arraute-Charritte are associated through an educational regrouping (R.P.I. AMOBA)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 [1], the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of placenames - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (French)
  2. ^ Toponymy of Amorotze-Zokotze (French)
  3. ^ a b c Google Maps
  4. ^ Géoportail, IGN (French)
  5. ^ a b c Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
  6. ^ Euskaltzaindia - Academy of the Bassque language (Basque)
  7. ^ Pierre Lhande, Basque-French Dictionary, Labourdin, Lower Navarrese, and Souletin, Beauschène, Paris, 1926 (French)
  8. ^ Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2006, ISBN 2 86781 396 4 (French)
  9. ^ Chapter of Soule in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  10. ^ Titles published by don José Yanguas y Miranda (Spanish)
  11. ^ Titles of the Commandry of Irissarry in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
  12. ^ List of Mayors of France
  13. ^ Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, Collective work, Amikuze - the Mixe Country, Éditions Izpegi, 1992, ISBN 2 909262 05 7, p. 77 (French)
  14. ^ Census cited by Manex Goyhenetche in his General History of Basque Country - Vol. 3, Elkarlanean, 2001, ISBN 2 9131 5634 7, p. 26 (French). In the same work Manex Goyhenetche indicated on page 284 that there was an average of 5.5 people per fire.
  15. ^ Transcribed and published by Ricardo Cierbide, Censos de población de la Baja Navarra, Max Niemeyer Verlag, Tübingen, 1993
  16. ^ Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, E 575, transcribed by Louis Baratchart in The Friends of Old Navarre, January 1995, pages 44-54 (French)
  17. ^ Bibliothèque nationale, 6956, Moreau Register 979, cited by Manex Goyhenetche in his General History of Basque Country - Vol. 3, Elkarlanean, 2001, ISBN 2 9131 5634 7, p. 299 (French)
  18. ^ Census cited by Manex Goyhenetche in his General History of Basque Country - Vol. 3, Elkarlanean, 2001, ISBN 2 9131 5634 7, p. 282 (French).
  19. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00084550 Church of Saint-Martin of Succos, Cemetery, and old Guardhouse (French)
  20. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000682 Parish Church of Saint Luce (French)