The Town Hall at Amorots
|• Mayor (2008–2014)||Arnaud Abbadie|
|• Land1||15.20 km2 (5.87 sq mi)|
|• Population2 density||15/km2 (39/sq mi)|
|INSEE/Postal code||64019 / 64120|
|Elevation||65–266 m (213–873 ft)
(avg. 104 m or 341 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Toponymy
- 3 History
- 4 Administration
- 5 Inter-Communality
- 6 Demography
- 7 Economy
- 8 Culture and Heritage
- 9 Facilities
- 10 See also
- 11 External links
- 12 Notes and references
Amorots-Succos is located some 50 km east by south-east of Bayonne and 10 km north-west of Saint-Palais in the former Basque province of Lower Navarre. It can be accessed by the D123 road from Beguios in the east passing west through the village and the commune and continuing to La Bastide-Clairence. The D14 from Meharin to Garris also passes through the southern tip of the commune. The commune is mixed forest and farmland with no other villages or hamlets.
Numerous streams rise and flow through the commune including the Ruisseau d'Isaac Berds which forms part of the western border and flows to the Laharanne which eventually joins the Lihoury far to the north, the Jelesseko Erika forming the south-eastern border, the Ruisseau de Cherrits in the south, the Ruisseau d'Otherguy, and many other unnamed streams.
N.B. None of the hamlets in the list exist today.
- Ameztoya (ruins)
- Apetchéko Borda
- Berdeko Borda
- Chastriaborda (ruins)
- Garateko Borda
- Larraldéa (2 placenames)
- Early Records
The name Amorots appears in the forms:
- Sanctus Vicentius de Maroz, Maroth and Morotz (1160)
- Amoros (1268),
- Amarotz (1305 and 1306),
- Amaroz (1350),
- Amoroz (1402, Title of Soule)
- Amorotz (1413, and 1513, Titles of Pamplona)
The name Succos appears in the forms:
- Sanctus Martinus de Trussecalau (1160),
- Sucox (1268)
- Succos (1304)
- Ssucos (1350)
- Çucoz (1413)
- Suquos (1513, Titles of Pamplona).
For Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Succos derived from the Basque zoko, meaning "isolated country".
La Croix d’Ichobox designates a pilgrimage as does the croix Goïty.
Ospitaléa is a farm mentioned with the spellings:
- Zabala y l’Ospital (1513, Titles of Pamplona)
- L’Hopital d’Amorots (1708, Regulation of the Irissarry Commandery)
- Ospital (1863, Topographic Dictionary of Béarn-Pays basque)
- Paul Raymond indicated the presence of a chapel tnear this farm, dependent on the Irissarry Commandery.
- Basque Spelling
Pierre Lhande, in his Basque-French Dictionary, indicated the spelling Sokueze for Succos.
The village of Succos was united with Amorots on 16 August 1841.
List of Successive Mayors
(Not all data is known)
The commune belongs to six inter-communal associations:
- The Community of Communes of Amikuze
- the AEP Association of Mixe Country
- the Energy Association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
- the inter-communal association for the operation of schools in Amikuze
- the Association to promote Basque culture
- the educational grouping association for Amorots-Succos, Arraute-Charritte, Béguios, Masparraute, and Orègue
The fiscal census of 1412-1413 carried out on the orders of Charles III of Navarre compared to the census of 1551 of men and arms that are present in the Kingdom of Navarre on this side of the ports revealed a population in high growth. The first census showed 4 fires at Amorots while the second showed 13 (12 + 1 secondary fire). The same at Succos: the first census showed 5 fires and the second 19 (16 + 3 secondary fires).
In 2009 the commune had 228 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known through the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger towns that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
From 1793 to 1836 the population above was only for Amorots which was separate from Succos. The population for Succos for that period is shown below:
Culture and Heritage
According to the Map of the Seven Basque Provinces published in 1863 by Prince Louis-Lucien Bonaparte the dialect of Basque spoken in Amendeuix-Oneix is eastern low Navarrese.
- The church of Succos and particularly its cemetery with its wall serving as a fronton has been registered as a historical monument since 11 June 1993
- The Saint Luce Church at Amorots dates to 1880 and has been registered as a historical monument since 2003
- Amorots-Succos, Masparraute, Orègue, Béguios, and Arraute-Charritte are associated through an educational regrouping (R.P.I. AMOBA)
- AMOROTZE-ZOKOTZE in the Bernardo Estornés Lasa - Auñamendi Encyclopedia (Euskomedia Fundazioa) (in Spanish)
Notes and references
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 , the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" which allow, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force in 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- Brigitte Jobbé-Duval, Dictionary of placenames - Pyrénées-Atlantiques, 2009, Archives and Culture, ISBN 978-2-35077-151-9 (French)
- Toponymy of Amorotze-Zokotze (French)
- Google Maps
- Géoportail, National Geographic Institute, consulted on 31 October 2011 (French)
- Paul Raymond, Topographic Dictionary of Basque Béarn-Pays
- Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, New Basque Toponymy, Presses universitaires de Bordeaux, 2006, ISBN 2 86781 396 4 (French)
- Titles published by don José Yanguas y Miranda
- Titles of the Commandery of Irissarry - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques
- Euskaltzaindia - Academy of the Bassque language (Basque)
- Pierre Lhande, Basque-French Dictionary, Labourdin, Lower Navarrese, and Souletin, Beauschène, Paris, 1926 (French)
- List of Mayors of France
- Intercommunality of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Cellule informatique préfecture 64, consulted on 9 November 2011 (French)
- Jean-Baptiste Orpustan, Collective work, Amikuze - the Mixe Country, Éditions Izpegi, 1992, ISBN 2 909262 05 7, p. 77 (French)
- Census cited by Manex Goyhenetche in his General History of Basque Country - Vol. 3, Elkarlanean, 2001, ISBN 2 9131 5634 7, p. 26 (French). In the same work Manex Goyhenetche indicated on page 284 that there was an average of 5.5 people per fire.
- Transcribed and published by Ricardo Cierbide, Censos de población de la Baja Navarra, Max Niemeyer Verlag, Tübingen, 1993
- Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, E 575, transcribed by Louis Baratchart in The Friends of Old Navarre, January 1995, pages 44-54 (French)
- Bibliothèque nationale, 6956, Moreau Register 979, cited by Manex Goyhenetche in his General History of Basque Country - Vol. 3, Elkarlanean, 2001, ISBN 2 9131 5634 7, p. 299 (French)
- Census cited by Manex Goyhenetche in his General History of Basque Country - Vol. 3, Elkarlanean, 2001, ISBN 2 9131 5634 7, p. 282 (French).
- French Ministry of Culture Notice PA00084550 Church of Succos (French)
- French Ministry of Culture Notice IA64000682 Church Saint Luce (French)
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