Amos Humiston

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Amos Humiston
Humiston.jpg
Born (1830-04-26)April 26, 1830
Owego, New York[1][verification needed]
Died July 1, 1863(1863-07-01) (aged 33)
Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
39°49′55″N 77°13′43″W / 39.83203°N 77.22869°W / 39.83203; -77.22869 (Amos Humiston memorial marker)[2]
Buried at Gettysburg National Cemetery, NY Section B, grave 14[3]
(now "Section O")[4]
Allegiance United States of America
Service/branch Union Army of the Potomac/Infantry Reserves
Years of service 1862–1863
Rank Sergeant
Unit Company C, 154th New York
Battles/wars Chancellorsville & Gettysburg
Relations Spouse: Philinda Humiston
Children: Franklin, Alice, Frederick[5]
Descendants: David H. Kelley[5] &
     Allan Lawrence Cox[6]

Amos Humiston was killed in action during the American Civil War on the Gettysburg Battlefield, dying with his children's image that his wife had mailed to him months earlier.[7]:69 A local girl found the image, and Dr. J. Francis Bournes saw it at her father's tavern and subsequently publicized the image:[8] "wounded, he had laid himself down to die. In his hands … was an ambrotype containing the portraits of three small children. … [It is] desired that all papers in the country will draw attention [so] the family … may come into possession of it" (The Philadelphia Inquirer, October 19, 1863).[9]

Image used to identify Humiston.

Humiston's wife in Portville, New York—who hadn't received a letter from her husband since the Battle of Gettysburg—responded to the photograph's description in the American Presbyterian of October 29. She subsequently confirmed the image[7] after Bourns sent her a carte de visite copy of the image.[5] Bourns took the original to her; and the image identification, as well as Bourns' project for an orphans' home at Gettysburg, were publicized.[7]

The family subsequently resided at the "National Homestead at Gettysburg" (opened October 1866) for 3 years until the widow remarried, when they relocated to Massachusetts.[7]:70

Historiography[edit]

After numerous postbellum retellings and a 1993 memorial regarding the story at Gettysburg, Pennsylvania;[10] Mark H. Dunkelman published Humiston's 1999 biography using Humiston's war letters—including a May 1863 poem of how Humiston missed his family.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Dunkelman, Mark H. (1999). Gettysburg's Unknown Soldier: The Life, Death, and Celebrity of Amos Humiston. Greenwood Publishing Group. ISBN 0-275-96294-6. LCCN 98-40342 Check |lccn= value (help). "The American Presbyterian revealed the identification[clarification needed] of Amos Humiston on November 19 ... [Humiston] rested in his unknown's grave on Judge Samuel Russell's lot. ... the Gettysburg Compiler carried the story of the identification on November 30"  (The lot of the "Hon. S. R. Russell" was used for Pennsylvania College's 1887 Glatfelter Hall.)[1]
  2. ^ Swain, Craig (April 14, 2009). "Amos Humiston" (HMdb.org webpage, marker 17964). Retrieved 2011-08-31. 
  3. ^ "List of Names" (Google Books--transcription available at Archive.org). Soldiers' National Cemetery, at Gettysburg. Harrisburg, Pennsylvania: Singerly & Myers, State Printers. 1867 revision [original year tbd]. Retrieved 2011-08-30. "Sergt. Amos Hummiston"  [sic].
  4. ^ "Amos Humiston". Find a Grave. Retrieved 2008-10-30.  "Sergt. A. Humiston" on gravestone.
  5. ^ a b c Morris, Errol (March 29 – April 2, 2009). "Whose Father Was He?: Part One] ([http://morris.blogs.nytimes.com/2009/03/30/whose-father-was-he-part-two/ Part Two)". New York Times. "Within a few days the ambrotype came into the possession of Benjamin Schriver, a tavern keeper in the small town of Graeffenburg,[sic] about 13 miles west of Gettysburg. … Four men on their way to Gettysburg were forced to stop at Schriver’s Tavern when their wagon broke down. They heard the tale of the fallen soldier and saw the photograph of the children. One of them, Dr. J. Francis Bourns," 
  6. ^ [dead link]Third Friday Wine website entry
  7. ^ a b c d Reef, Catharine. Alone in the World: Orphans and Orphanages in America. Retrieved tbd. "read the account in November 1863 [and suspected they were] their children, Frank, Alice, and Fred, ages eight, six, and four." 
  8. ^ "Amos Humiston: Union Soldier Who Died at the Battle of Gettysburg". HistoryNet.com. June 12, 2006. Retrieved 2011-08-31. "After seeing to it during his stay in Gettysburg that the soldier's grave was well marked, Dr. Bourns returned to his Philadelphia home, where he put his [publicity] plan into action. " 
  9. ^ "Whose Father Was He?". The Philadelphia Inquirer. October 19, 1863. "“The children, two boys and a girl, are, apparently, nine, seven, and five [sic] years of age… The youngest boy is sitting in a high chair, and on each side of him are his brother and sister. The eldest boy’s jacket is made from the same material as his sister’s dress.”"  (quoted by Morris)
  10. ^ "The Children of the Battlefield". The Battle of Gettysburg - Wednesday, July 1, 1863. BrothersWar.com. "This modest marker rests upon the site where, several days later, a Gettysburg civilian found a then anonymous Union soldier"