Ampang Line

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     Ampang Line
KJ SP AG MR KTM ERL For Wiki2.png
The Ampang Line is coloured yellow on system maps.
Overview
Type Rapid transit
System Medium-capacity rail transport system
Status Operational
Locale Klang Valley
Termini Ampang
Sentul Timur & Sri Petaling
Stations 25
Services Sentul - KL - Ampang/Sri Petaling
Website Rapid Rail
Operation
Opening 16 December 1996
Owner Prasarana
Operator(s) Rapid Rail
Depot(s) Ampang
Rolling stock Adtranz
Technical
Line length 27 km (17 mi)
Track length 0 km (0 mi)
Track gauge 1,435 mm (4 ft 8 12 in) standard gauge
Electrification Third Rail
Operating speed 60 km/h (37 mph)
Route map
ST11 Sentul Timur Car parking
ST10 Sentul Car parking
ST9 Titiwangsa
 MRL 
PWTC  KTM:KTM 
Putra
ST7 Sultan Ismail
ST6 Bandaraya
Bank Negara
ST5 Masjid Jamek  LRT 
ST4 Plaza Rakyat Puduraya
Merdeka  MRT 
ST3 Hang Tuah  MRL 
ST2 Pudu
ST1 Chan Sow Lin
PH2 Cheras
PH3 Salak Selatan Car parking
PH4 Bandar Tun Razak
 KTM 
PH5 Tasik Selatan Car parking KLIA ETS Line Terminal Bersepadu Selatan
 ERL 
PH6 Sungai Besi Car parking
PH7 Bukit Jalil Car parking
PH8 Sri Petaling Car parking
Awan Besar
Muhibbah
Alam Sutera
Kinrara BK1
Reserved for future station
IOI Puchong Jaya
Pusat Bandar Puchong
Taman Perindustrian Puchong
Bandar Puteri
Puchong Perdana
Puchong Prima
Reserved for future station  LRT 
Putra Heights
AG2 Miharja Car parking
AG3 Maluri  MRT 
AG4 Pandan Jaya Car parking
AG5 Pandan Indah Car parking
AG6 Cempaka Car parking
AG7 Cahaya
Ampang Depot
AG8 Ampang Car parking

The Ampang Line is one of two light rapid transit rail lines ("LRT") operated by Rapid Rail in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. Other rail-based public transport modes in the Kuala Lumpur area include the KTM Komuter and Express Rail Link.

The line consists of two branch lines, with one major leg of the line is shared:

  • Sentul Timur to Chan Sow Lin (shared stations between the two sub-lines)
  • Chan Sow Lin to Ampang
  • Chan Sow Lin to Sri Petaling

On 28 November 2011, the Ampang Line and the Kelana Jaya Line were integrated with a single ticketing system, allowing commuters to transfer from one line to another at Masjid Jamek station without the need to buy a new ticket.

Further integration with the Monorail Line was achieved on 1 March 2012 when the "paid-up" or restricted areas of the Hang Tuah LRT and monorail stations, and also at the Titiwangsa LRT and monorail stations, were physically linked up, allowing transfers without exiting the system.

Nomenclature[edit]

The system has assumed multiple names throughout its service. Initially known as STAR (Malay: Sistem Transit Aliran Ringan; English: Light Rail Transit System), the STAR LRT or the STAR Line, the system was renamed in 2005 to refer to system's two sub-lines: the Sri Petaling and Ampang Lines. In April 2007, the entire system was renamed the Ampang Line as one common line, with no official names given to the sub-lines.

Lines and stations[edit]

The Ampang Line consists of two routes with a total length of 27 kilometres that begin at two different stations to the south and east of the city, meeting at an interchange station, continuing through the city centre and ending at the same station at the north. The Ampang Branch Line begins at  AG8  Ampang, while the Sri Petaling Branch Line begins at  PH8  Sri Petaling. Both lines converge at  AG1   ST1   PH1  Chan Sow Lin; the merged line leads to the north, terminating at  ST11  Sentul Timur. The Ampang to Sultan Ismail was the first phase of the system to open, on 16 December 1995, with the second stretch from Chan Sow Lin to Sri Petaling operational on 11 July 1998, primarily for accessibility to the National Sports Complex during the 1998 Commonwealth Games via the  PH7  Bukit Jalil station. The section between Sultan Ismail and Sentul Timur opened on 6 December 1998.

The line between  ST4  Plaza Rakyat and Sentul Timur is an elevated railway, running along the Gombak River between Bandaraya and Titiwangsa. The Chan Sow Lin-Ampang line is primarily at surface level, using a previously disused railway formation, while the Chan Sow Lin-Plaza Rakyat line and the Sri Petaling-Chan Sow Lin line use a combination of surface-level and elevated tracks. There are no underground sections.

The system includes 25 stations: eleven along the Sentul Timur common line, and seven each along the Ampang Branch Line and the Sri Petaling Branch Line. The service depot and primary train depot is at Ampang. There is a secondary train depot at Sri Petaling.

Unlike previous railway lines in Malaysia, which were built to metre gauge, the Ampang Line was the first railway system in the country to adopt standard gauge. Between Ampang and Plaza Rakyat and between Chan Sow Lin and Salak Selatan, the line uses the trackbed of previously disused lines that were part of the Malayan Railway network (Ampang/Sultan Street branch), closed in the 1960s (between the present Chan Sow Lin station and the present Plaza Rakyat) and the early 1990s (the remaining portion of the line). The Ampang depot stands on the site of the former Ampang railway station.

Ridership on the line has been far below expectations. Built with a capacity of 500,000 passengers per day[1] and a breakeven point of 170,000 passengers per day,[2] in 1998, two years after launch, the line was averaging only 53,000 passengers per day, in part because of fares perceived as too high.[2] In 2002, STAR LRT was taken over by the government-owned Syarikat Prasarana Negara Berhad. By 2003, the ridership had increased to 110,000, still insufficient for profitability.[1]

Common stations on the Ampang Line[edit]

These stations are the common stations that the Ampang Branch Line and Sri Petaling Branch Line share.

Station Number Station Name Platform type Interchange/Notes
 ST11  Sentul Timur Terminal
 ST10  Sentul Side
 ST9   MR11  Titiwangsa Side Interchange station to KL Monorail.
 ST8  PWTC Side
 ST7  Sultan Ismail Side
 ST6  Bandaraya Side
 ST5   KJ13  Masjid Jamek Side Interchange station to Kelana Jaya Line.
 ST4  Plaza Rakyat Side
 ST3   MR4  Hang Tuah Side Interchange to KL Monorail.
 ST2  Pudu Side
 PH1   ST1   AG1  Chan Sow Lin Island Interchange at Platform 2A to
 AG8  Ampang
 PH8  Sri Petaling

Ampang Branch Line stations[edit]

 AG1   ST1   PH1  Chan Sow Lin is the interchange station between the two routes. The route that runs to  AG8  Ampang station consists of 7 stations running into East of Klang Valley. Passengers to Ampang should disembark at  AG1   ST1   AG1  Chan Sow Lin.

Station Number Station Name Platform type Interchange/Notes
 AG2  Miharja Side
 AG3  Maluri Side Interchange to future Sungai Buloh - Kajang Line.
 AG4  Pandan Jaya Side
 AG5  Pandan Indah Side
 AG6  Cempaka Side
 AG7  Cahaya Side
 AG8  Ampang Terminal

Sri Petaling Branch Line stations[edit]

 AG1   ST1   PH1  Chan Sow Lin is the interchange station between the two routes. The route that runs to  AG8  Ampang station consists of 7 stations running into East of Klang Valley. Passengers to Sri Petaling should disembark at  AG1   ST1   AG1  Chan Sow Lin.

On 29 August 2006, Deputy Prime Minister Mohd Najib Abdul Razak announced that the southern end of the Sri Petaling Branch Line would be extended from its existing terminus at  PH8  Sri Petaling station to the suburbs of Puchong and Putra Heights, south-west of Kuala Lumpur. This extension is now under construction.

Station Number Station Name Platform type Interchange/Notes
 PH2  Cheras Side
 PH3  Salak Selatan Side
 PH4  Bandar Tun Razak Side
 PH5  Bandar Tasik Selatan Island Interchange station to KTM Komuter and ERL.
 PH6  Sungai Besi Side
 PH7  Bukit Jalil Side
 PH8  Sri Petaling Terminal

Interchange with other railway systems[edit]

When the STAR line was launched in 1996, the Bandaraya LRT station became the first STAR station to be designated as an interchange station, with a footbridge connecting to the Bank Negara Komuter station, a KTM Komuter regional rail station, a few hundred metres away. With the completion of the Sri Petaling-Chan Sow Lin line, the Bandar Tasik Selatan station was opened as a more integrated interchange between the STAR line and the KTM Komuter network. The line would later include interconnectivity with Kelana Jaya Line, ERL and KL Monorail services. The system currently has a total of five stations linked to other railway systems.

The Ampang Line is the only rail system in the Kuala Lumpur rail transit network that, though it passes through the city centre, does not stop within or near Kuala Lumpur Sentral. This is because KL Sentral, despite its name, is not in fact in the centre of KL.

Rolling stock[edit]

The rolling stock of the Ampang Line consists of a fleet of 90 Adtranz standard-gauge trains manufactured by Walkers Limited, an Australian engineering company. The trains consist of electric multiple units, which draw power from the underside of a third rail installed alongside the track. All cars in each train are powered. The trains are manned, with driver cabs occupying the ends of the train.

The trains come in two trainset configurations. The first and most common variation is the six-car trainset, which consists of three sets of two EMUs (2+2+2) and occupies the maximum platform length of the lines' stations. Each of the two EMU sets at the front and rear consist of one driving car and one trailer car, while the two EMUs between are trailer cars. Each two EMU sets are not connected to other EMU sets in the train. The second variation is a four-car trainset, a more obscure configuration that consists of only two EMU sets (2+2) of one driving car and one trailer car at both ends. With only two-thirds the length and number of cars as the six-car variation. The 2+2 trainsets were once used in full in the service until the massive deployment of 2+2+2 trainsets.

Each car has 3 bogies, 2 power bogies and one articulated trailer for the centre bogie. The end cars, numbered 1101 to 1260 have driver cabs. Middle cars numbered 2201 to 2230 have a concealed driver control panel, enabling the car to be moved around the depot independently.

The train interiors are simple and basic. There are no individual seats, only longitudinal bench seating on either side of the train, surfaced in metal, while spaces near the connecting ends of the cars are provided for passengers who use wheelchairs and other assistive devices. There is a large amount of floorspace for standing passengers.

The rolling stock has remained relatively unchanged since its introduction in 1996.

50 new trains were ordered to accommodate the new Puchong extension.[3] The new six-car rolling stock are manufactured by CSR Zhuzhou and are based on the design for metro trains in Izmir, Turkey. The first train is expected to be delivered to Prasarana by Q4 2014.[3]

History and timeline[edit]

  • 13 November 1992: Sistem Transit Aliran Ringan Sdn Bhd (Star LRT) incorporated to implement Kuala Lumpur's first LRT project.
  • 22 December 1992: Franchise agreement between the Malaysian government and Star LRT signed for the development, ownership and operation of LRT system.
  • 30 August 1994: Work on the project officially commenced.
  • 16 December 1996: Phase One between Ampang and Sultan Ismail stations begins operations.
  • 11 July 1998: Branch line from Chan Sow Lin station to Sri Petaling station begins operations. This branch forms part of the Sri Petaling Line.
  • 6 December 1998: Extension from Sultan Ismail station to Sentul Timur station begins operations.
  • 1 September 2002: Syarikat Prasarana Negara Berhad (Prasarana) takes over ownership and operations of Star LRT under the first phase of Kuala Lumpur's public transport restructuring exercise. Prasarana renames the system Starline.
  • November 2004: Operations of Starline transferred to Rapid KL. Ownership of assets remain with Prasarana.
  • 19 July 2005: Rapid KL announces that Starline's two lines will be renamed the Ampang and Sri Petaling Lines. All signage will be changed by 2006.
  • 28 November 2011: Kelana Jaya and Ampang - Sri Petaling Line integrated with a single ticketing system.[citation needed]

Accidents[edit]

  • 27 October 2006: A six-coach LRT train which came in from Ampang overshot the end of the elevated tracks at Sentul Timur station, resulting in the front half of the first coach dangling in the air about 25m above the ground.
  • 25 September 2008: Six people injured when a train hits another train near the Bukit Jalil station. It is believed that the first coach suddenly stopped 200 metres from the station before it was rammed by another train on the same track. LRT service was disrupted for the day before resuming the next day.[4]

Extensions[edit]

On 29 August 2006, Malaysian Deputy Prime Minister Mohd Najib Abdul Razak announced that the southern end of the Sri Petaling Line, which now ended at Sri Petaling station, would be extended to the suburbs of Puchong and Putra Heights, located to the south-west of Kuala Lumpur. The extension will be part of a 10bil ringgit plan to expand Kuala Lumpur's public transport network.

The expansion plan will also see the western terminus of the Kelana Jaya Line extended to the suburbs of Subang Jaya and UEP Subang Jaya (USJ), all located to the south-west of Kuala Lumpur. The plan also involved the construction of an entirely new line; Kota Damansara-Cheras Line from Kota Damansara to the west of the city, to Cheras which lies to the south-east of Kuala Lumpur.

No details of the alignment of the extensions and the new line nor locations of new stations were revealed.[5] As of August 2008, the operator of the line, Syarikat Prasarana Negara Bhd, was running a land and engineering study on the proposed extension. It is believed that construction will start once the study is complete.[6]

In September 2009, Syarikat Prasarana Negara began a public viewing for the details of the alignment for the Ampang Line and Kelana Jaya Line at various locations. The extension will add 13 new stations and 17.7km of new track. The new terminus will be at Putra Heights where the line will meet the Kelana Jaya Line to provide a suburban interchange.

Construction works on the Kelana Jaya Line and the Ampang Line Extension project escalated at the end of March 2011, with commencement of structural works, subject to approval from state government and local authorities.[7]

From 26 May 2011, public consultation took place on the amendments to the extension plans. The public display began on 27 May and continued for 3 months.

The amendments involved changes made to the alignments between km 15.5 to km 17.0 and the location of the new depot.[8]

New trains have been introduced on the existing line in Feb 2014, with extension completion due in 2016.[9]

Station Number Station Name Platform type Interchange/Notes
 PH9  Awan Besar Island
 PH10  Muhibbah Side
 PH11  Alam Sutera Side
 PH12  Kinrara BK 5 Side
 PH13  Future station Side Currently on hold, the station will be built at a later date.
 PH14  IOI Puchong Jaya Side
 PH15  Pusat Bandar Puchong Side
 PH16  Taman Perindustrian Puchong Side
 PH17  Bandar Puteri Island
 PH18  Puchong Perdana Side
 PH19  Puchong Prima Side
 PH20  Future station Island Currently on hold, the station will be built at a later date.
 PH21  Putra Heights Terminal Interchange station to Kelana Jaya Line via cross-platform transfer.

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Property Times
  2. ^ a b Oh, Errol (16 June 2000). "Red flags". Malaysian Business. 
  3. ^ a b Barrow, Keith (4 March 2014). "CSR unveils new trains for KL Ampang Line". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 28 March 2014. 
  4. ^ Looi, Elizabeth (25 September 2008). "Six injured in LRT accident". The Star (Kuala Lumpur). 
  5. ^ "Interview with Shaipudin Shah Harun CEO SPNB on the proposed new LRT lines and extension". AstroNews (English). 1 October 2006. 
  6. ^ Sim Leoi Leoi (21 August 2008). "Two extra LRT lines being studied". The Star (Kuala Lumpur). 
  7. ^ "Construction Works for LRT Extension Project to Commence". Rapid KL. 11 March 2011. 
  8. ^ "Public Display for the Proposed Amended Section of the Ampang Line LRT Extension". Syarikat Prasarana Negara Berhad (Prasarana). Archived from the original on 13 July 2011. Retrieved 2 June 2011. 
  9. ^ http://transitmy.com/2014/02/27/new-ampang-line-trains-introduced/

External links[edit]

Route Maps[edit]