Ampere-hour

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A 2500 mA·h AA and a 1000 mA·h AAA rechargeable battery

An ampere-hour or amp-hour (SI symbol A·h or A h; also denoted Ah) is a unit of electric charge, with subunits milliampere-hour (mA·h or mAh; often used in rechargeable and disposable battery specifications) and milliampere-second (mA·s). One ampere-hour is equal to 3600 coulombs.[1] The ampere-hour is frequently used in measurements of electrochemical systems such as electroplating and electrical batteries. The commonly seen milliampere-hour (mA·h or mAh) is one-thousandth of an ampere-hour (3.6 coulombs).

 \mathrm{A{\cdot}h}=(3600\,\mathrm{s})(\mathrm{A})=(3600\,\mathrm{s})(\mathrm{C} / \mathrm{s})=3600\,\mathrm{C}

A milliampere-second (mA·s) is a unit of measure used in X-ray imaging diagnostic imaging and radiation therapy. This quantity is proportional to the total X-ray energy produced by a given X-ray tube operated at a particular voltage.[2] The same total dose can be delivered in different time periods depending on the X-ray tube current.

The Faraday constant is the charge on one mole of electrons, approximately equal to 26.8 ampere-hours. It is used in electrochemical calculations.

An ampere-hour is not a unit of energy. In a battery system, for example, accurate calculation of the energy delivered requires integration of the power delivered (product of instantaneous voltage and instantaneous current) over the discharge interval. Generally, the battery voltage varies during discharge; an average value or nominal value may be used to approximate the integration of power.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Full Conversion Table (sorted by Category)" Allmeasures.com, 2004, webpage: AM-Conversion-table.
  2. ^ X-ray Safety Handbook, 9.0 Terms and Definitions, VirginiaTech Environmental, Health and Safety Services
  3. ^ National Research Council (U.S.) (2004). Meeting the energy needs of future warriors. National Academies Press. p. 27. ISBN 0-309-09261-2.