Amphithea

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Amphithea (Ancient Greek: Ἀμφιθέα) is the name of several women in Greek mythology:

1. Amphithea, wife of Lycurgus, king of Nemea, and mother of Opheltes (afterwards he was called Archemorus).[1] Also known as Eurydice.

2. Amphithea, daughter of Pronax. She married Adrastus and was the mother of Argea, Deipyle, Aegialia, Aegialeus and Cyanippus.[2] Another account refers to her as the wife of Dion and the mother of Carya, Orphe and Lyco.[3]

3. Amphithea, wife of Autolycus and mother of Anticlea (the mother of Odysseus), Polymede (possible mother of Jason), and a number of sons, including Aesimus (the father of Sinon).[4][5]

4. Amphithea, wife of Aeolus the Etrurian king, and mother of six sons and six daughters, the youngest boy being Macareus, who made his sister Canace pregnant. Both he and his sister killed themselves.[6]

5. Amphithea, an alternate name for Hemithea, the sister of Tenes.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, The Library, 1.9.14
  2. ^ Pseudo-Apollodorus, The Library, 1.9.13
  3. ^ Servius on Virgil' s Eclogue 8, 29 - if indeed "Amphithea, daughter of Pronax" is the correct reading behind the actually surviving "*Iphitea, daughter of *Prognaus"
  4. ^ Homer, Odyssey, 19. 412
  5. ^ Tzetzes on Lycophron, 344
  6. ^ Pseudo-Plutarch, Greek and Roman Parallel Stories, 28
  7. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium, s. v. Tenedos