Amphitheater of Statilius Taurus

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Amphitheater of Statilius Taurus
Amphitheater of Statilius Taurus
Amphitheater of Statilius Taurus
Location Regione IX Circus Flaminius
Built in 29 BC
Built by/for Titus Statilius Taurus
Type of structure Roman amphitheatre (structure)
Related List of ancient monuments
in Rome
Roma Plan.jpg

The Amphitheatre of Statilius Taurus (Latin: Amphitheatrum Statilii Tauri) was an amphitheatre in ancient Rome.

The amphitheatre was inaugurated in 29 BCE.[1] Earlier arenas were temporary structures that were disassembled after the event. The amphitheatre was built by Titus Statilius Taurus, who paid for it from his own resources. Statilius Taurus was a successful general and politician in the time of emperor Augustus and had gathered much wealth during his career. For the inauguration he also paid for the gladiatorial games.[2]

The amphitheatre was built on the Campus Martius in Rome in a period when many new temples and theatres were being built. The exact location is lost, but it was probably built in the southern area of the Campus Martius. Within a 50-year span, this area saw the construction of the Theater of Pompey, the Theater of Marcellus, and the Theater of Balbus, along with the Amphitheatre of Statilius Taurus.

It was not a large amphitheatre. Dissatisfaction over the Amphitheatre of Statilius Taurus led Nero, in 57 AD, to build a new wooden amphitheatre, the Amphitheatrum Neronis. During the Great Fire of Rome in 64 AD, which left Rome in ashes, both amphitheatres were completely destroyed.[3]

In 72 AD, Vespasian built a new, much larger stone amphitheatre in Rome. This was the Amphitheatrum Flavium, today known as the Colosseum.

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External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ William J. Slater (1996). Roman Theater and Society: E. Togo Salmon Papers I. University of Michigan Press. pp. 78–. ISBN 0-472-10721-6. 
  2. ^ Katherine E. Welch (10 September 2007). The Roman Amphitheatre: From Its Origins to the Colosseum. Cambridge University Press. pp. 108–. ISBN 978-0-521-80944-3. 
  3. ^ Stephen L. Dyson (1 August 2010). Rome: A Living Portrait of an Ancient City. JHU Press. pp. 146–. ISBN 978-1-4214-0101-0. 

Coordinates: 41°54′00″N 12°28′11″E / 41.90000°N 12.46972°E / 41.90000; 12.46972