Sosia (Amphitryon’s slave)
Alcmena (Amphitryon’s wife)
Blepharo (ship’s pilot)
Bromia (Alcmena’s maid)
|Setting||Thebes, before the house of Amphitryon|
Amphitryon is a Latin play for the early Roman theatre by playwright Titus Maccius Plautus. It is Plautus’ only play on a mythological subject; he refers to it as a tragicomoedia (tragic comedy) in the prologue. It includes Amphitryon’s jealous and confused reaction to Alcmena’s seduction by Jupiter, and ends with the birth of Hercules.
Amphitryon begins with a prologue given by the god Mercury, in which he gives some background information to the audience. Amphitryon and his slave Sosia have been away at war and are returning to Thebes. Meanwhile, the god Jupiter is sleeping with Amphitryon’s wife Alcmena. Jupiter is in the guise of Amphitryon so that Alcmena is unaware that he is not her husband.
Mercury's job is to buy his father Jupiter some time by deceiving those who would interfere. He changes his appearance to look like the slave Sosia, and when the real Sosia arrives, he beats him up and sends him away from the house. Thoroughly confused by having been beat up by himself, Sosia returns to the ship to relay what happened to his master Amphitryon.
The following morning, Amphitryon sets off for the house, annoyed by his slave's foolish sounding story. Jupiter leaves only moments before Amphitryon arrives, and when Alcmena sees her real husband, she is confused as to why he has returned. Amphitryon doesn't appreciate this strange welcome after being gone for so many months, and confusion turns to anger and jealousy after learning that she has slept with a man who is not himself.
After a long argument, Alcmena is ready to leave her untrusting husband but is stopped by Jupiter. He soon begins to set things right, and in a miraculous event, Alcmena gives birth to twin boys. One is the son of Amphitryon, the other is Hercules, the son of Jupiter. To quell Amphitryon’s anger, he explains to him what he did, and Amphyitryon is then honored to have shared his wife with a god.
- Henry Thomas Riley, 1912
- Paul Nixon, 1916 
- Sir Robert Allison, 1942 
- E. F. Watling, 1964 
- Paul Roche, 1968 
- Constance Carrier 1970
- Lionel Casson 1971 
- David Christenson 2008 Review in Bryn Mawr Classical Review
- Prof. Jerry Respeto, 2009
- Plautus; Translated by Henry Thomas Riley (1912). The Comedies of Plautus. G. Bell and Sons.
- Plautus; Translated by Paul Nixon (1916). Plautus, I, Amphitryon. The Comedy of Asses. The Pot of Gold. The Two Bacchises. The Captives. Loeb Classical Library. ISBN 978-0-674-99067-8.
- Sir Robert Allison (1942). The Complete Roman Drama. Random House.
- Plautus; Translated by E. F. Watling (1964). Plautus: The Rope and Other Plays. Penguin.
- Plautus; Translated by Paul Roche (1968). Three Plays by Plautus. Mentor.
- Constance Carrier (1970). Palmer Bovie, ed. Five Roman Comedies. E.P. Dutton.
- Plautus; Translated by Lionel Casson (1971). Plautus: Amphitryon and Two Other Plays. W.W. Norton.
|Latin Wikisource has original text related to this article:|
- Amphitryon Latin full text at the Perseus Project.
- Amphitryon translation full text at the Perseus Project. Translation by Henry Thomas Riley.