Khanom District

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Khanom
ขนอม
Amphoe
Amphoe location in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province
Amphoe location in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province
Coordinates: 9°12′17″N 99°51′40″E / 9.20472°N 99.86111°E / 9.20472; 99.86111Coordinates: 9°12′17″N 99°51′40″E / 9.20472°N 99.86111°E / 9.20472; 99.86111
Country  Thailand
Province Nakhon Si Thammarat
Seat Khanom
Area
 • Total 433.926 km2 (167.540 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 27,572
 • Density 63.5/km2 (164/sq mi)
Time zone THA (UTC+7)
Postal code 80210
Geocode 8015

Khanom (Thai: ขนอม) is the northernmost district (Amphoe) of Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, southern Thailand.

Geography[edit]

The district is located in the north of the province. To the west is Surat Thani Province, while to the north and east is the Gulf of Thailand. Neighboring districts are (from the south clockwise) Sichon of Nakhon Si Thammarat and Don Sak of Surat Thani.

Most of the coast line of district will be protected as part of the Hat Khanom - Mu Ko Thale Tai National Park, which is currently in process of creation. The coast of the district consists of a series of beaches nestled among the limestone and shale mountains of northern Nakhon Si Thammarat mountain range. Nai Plao Beach is the most popular of these beaches. Several caves are found in the hills, the most famous one is Khao Wang Thong cave. The major hills within the districts are Khao Luang (814 m), Khao Phlao and Khao Dat Fa (732 m) at the southeastern boundary to Sichon, and Khao Chai Son (535 m) adjacent Khanom town at the Khanom Bay, the mouth of Khlong Khanom.

The main road is Highway 401, which passes through the southwestern part of the district. Route 4014 connects the district center which that highway, while 4142 connects the center with Don Sak.

Khao Nom (เขานม), was one of the former names of Khanom District owing to the breast shaped surrounding mountains.[1]

History[edit]

Back in 1365 a first town (mueang) named Tranom (ตระนอม) was established, which was a subordinate of Nakhon Si Thammarat. During the thesaphiban administrative reforms of the early 20th century it became a tambon within the Sichon district.[2] On March 1, 1939 it was made a minor district (King Amphoe), consisting of the two tambon Khanom and Thong Nian.[3] The minor district was upgraded to a full district on December 11, 1959.[4]

The third tambon Khuan Thong was created on December 25, 1963 with three muban from Thong Nian and two from Khanom.[5]

The sanitary district (sukhaphiban) Khanom was established on December 28, 1945, which was officially gazetteered on January 28, 1957.[6] On May 25, 1999 it was converted to a township (thesaban tambon), as all the sanitary districts were upgraded to a municipality.[7]

Wat Kradangnga is the oldest Buddhist temple of the district, dating back to the Ayutthaya era.

Education[edit]

There are two high schools - Khanom Phitthaya High School and Thong Nian Khana Phi Ban High School - and a campus of the Rajamangala University of Technology Srivijaya.


Administration[edit]

The district is subdivided into 3 subdistricts (tambon), which are further subdivided into 34 villages (muban). Khanom itself has subdistrict municipality (thesaban tambon) status and covers part of tambon Khanom - village 1 and parts of village 3, altogether an area of 1.76 km². The whole tambon Thong Nian forms another subdistrict municipality. The non-municipal area of tambon Khanom and Khuan Thong are each administrated by a Tambon administrative organizations (TAO).

No. Name Thai name Villages Inh. OTOP
1. Khanom ขนอม 14 12,557 Shrimp chili paste
2. Khuan Thong ควนทอง 12 10,174 Banana chips
3. Thong Nian ท้องเนียน 8 4,841 Fish sauce
 Map of Tambon

References[edit]

  1. ^ The Legend of Khanom
  2. ^ www.geocities.com/khanom_cdd123
  3. ^ ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง ตั้งกิ่งอำเภอขนอม ขึ้นอำเภอสิชล จังหวัดนครศรีธรรมราช. Royal Gazette (in Thai) 55 (0 ง): 3875. February 20, 1939. 
  4. ^ พระราชกฤษฎีกาตั้งอำเภอชุมพวง อำเภอเชียงยืน อำเภอแก้งคร้อ อำเภอสำโรงทาบ อำเภอคอนสาร อำเภอเซกา อำเภอทุ่งเสลี่ยม อำเภอบ้านด่าน อำเภอขนอม อำเภอบ้านแพรก อำเภอกระทู้ และอำเภอคลองใหญ่ พ.ศ. ๒๕๐๒. Royal Gazette (in Thai) 76 (113 ก special): 8–11. December 10, 1959. 
  5. ^ ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง ตั้งและเปลี่ยนแปลงเขตตำบลในท้องที่อำเภอขนอม จังหวัดนครศรีธรรมราช. Royal Gazette (in Thai) 81 (2 ง): 21. January 7, 1964. 
  6. ^ ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง จัดตั้งสุขาภิบาลขนอม กิ่งอำเภอขนอม อำเภอสิชล จังหวัดนครศรีธรรมราช. Royal Gazette (in Thai) 74 (103 ง special): 26–29. January 28, 1957. 
  7. ^ www.khanomcity.go.th

External links[edit]