Pak Phanang District

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Pak Phanang
ปากพนัง
Amphoe
Amphoe location in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province
Amphoe location in Nakhon Si Thammarat Province
Coordinates: 8°21′30″N 100°12′24″E / 8.35833°N 100.20667°E / 8.35833; 100.20667Coordinates: 8°21′30″N 100°12′24″E / 8.35833°N 100.20667°E / 8.35833; 100.20667
Country  Thailand
Province Nakhon Si Thammarat
Seat Pak Phanang Fang Tawan-ok
Area
 • Total 422.5 km2 (163.1 sq mi)
Population (2005)
 • Total 107,505
 • Density 254.4/km2 (659/sq mi)
Time zone THA (UTC+7)
Postal code 80140
Geocode 8012

Pak Phanang (Thai: ปากพนัง) is a district (Amphoe) of Nakhon Si Thammarat Province, southern Thailand.

The name of district means Sheltered Mouth, referring to the mouth of the Pak Phanang river protected from the open sea by a long peninsula.

History[edit]

During the thesaphiban administrative reforms the district was created in 1895 in the name Bia Sad (เบิ้ยซัด). On March 22, 1903 it was renamed to Pak Phanang,[1] a name first recorded for the area in 1665.

On October 25, 1962 Tropical Storm Harriet hit the district. The low Talumphuk peninsula to the north of the district was completely devastated, and even in the town Pak Phanang itself the storm surge made the water rise to 4 meter depth. The flooding caused more than 1000 fatalities, and many more homeless.

Geography[edit]

Neighboring districts are (from the south clockwise) Hua Sai, Chian Yai, Chaloem Phra Kiat and Mueang Nakhon Si Thammarat. To the east is the Gulf of Thailand.

The most striking geographical feature is the long elongated peninsula Talumphuk, which is formed of sand deposited by the predominantly northward current interacting with the outflow of the Pak Phanang River (Thai: แม่น้ำปากพนัง). The shallow bay formed by the peninsula is about 3 km wide at the mouth of the river and 10 km at the top of the peninsula. Originally the coastline of the bay consisted of tidal flats and mangrove forests, however a lot of the western coast had been converted into shrimp farms.

Administration[edit]

The district is subdivided into 18 subdistricts (tambon), which are further subdivided into 133 villages (muban). Pak Phanang is a town (thesaban mueang) which covers the whole tambon Pak Phanang and parts of tambon Hu Long, Pak Phanang Fang Tawan Tok, Pak Phanang Fang Tawan Ok and Bang Phra. There are further 17 Tambon administrative organizations.

No. Name Thai name Villages Inh.
1. Pak Phanang ปากพนัง - 13,068
2. Khlong Noi คลองน้อย 19 12,002
3. Pa Rakam ป่าระกำ 11 4,780
4. Chamao ชะเมา 7 3,666
5. Khlong Krabue คลองกระบือ 13 6,609
6. Ko Thuat เกาะทวด 8 5,614
7. Ban Mai บ้านใหม่ 8 4,021
8. Hu Long หูล่อง 7 6,071
9. Laem Talumphuk แหลมตะลุมพุก 4 2,251
10. Pak Phanang Fang Tawan Tok ปากพนังฝั่งตะวันตก 4 9,444
11. Bang Sala บางศาลา 9 2,735
12. Bang Phra บางพระ 4 6,559
13. Bang Taphong บางตะพง 4 1,159
14. Pak Phanang Fang Tawan Ok ปากพนังฝั่งตะวันออก 8 11,648
15. Ban Phoeng บ้านเพิง 8 3,330
16. Tha Phaya ท่าพยา 10 5,274
17. Pak Phraek ปากแพรก 9 3,885
18. Khanap Nak ขนาบนาก 10 5,389
 Map of Tambon

References[edit]

  1. ^ "แจ้งความกระทรวงมหาดไทย: เปลี่ยนชื่ออำเภอ". Royal Gazette (in Thai) 19 (52): 1010. March 15, 1903. 
  • Boromthanarat, S., Cobb, S., Lee, V. (1991). Coastal Management in Pak Phanang: A Historical Perspective of the Resources and Issues. Hat Yai, Thailand: Coastal Resources Institute, Prince of Songkla University [1]

External links[edit]