Sam Roi Yot District

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Sam Roi Yot
สามร้อยยอด
Amphoe
Amphoe location in Prachuap Khiri Khan Province
Amphoe location in Prachuap Khiri Khan Province
Coordinates: 12°16′14″N 99°52′19″E / 12.27056°N 99.87194°E / 12.27056; 99.87194Coordinates: 12°16′14″N 99°52′19″E / 12.27056°N 99.87194°E / 12.27056; 99.87194
Country  Thailand
Province Prachuap Khiri Khan
Area
 • Total 871.9 km2 (336.6 sq mi)
Population (2006)
 • Total 47,845
 • Density 54.87/km2 (142.1/sq mi)
Time zone THA (UTC+7)
Postal code 77180
Geocode 7708

Sam Roi Yot (Thai: สามร้อยยอด; lit. "three hundred spires") is a district (Amphoe) in the northern part of Prachuap Khiri Khan Province, central Thailand. The name Sam Roi Yot literally means 300 peaks.

History[edit]

The minor district (King Amphoe) Sam Roi Yot was created on 1 April 1995 by splitting the tambon Rai Kao, Sila Loi and Sam Roi Yot from Pran Buri district.[1]

On 7 September 1995 tambon Sala Lai was created by splitting off 6 muban from Rai Kao.[2] On 1 January 1996 the tambon Rai Mai was reassigned from Kui Buri district to the minor district.[3]

Following a decision of the Thai government on 15 May 2007, all of the 81 minor districts were to be upgraded to full districts.[4] With the publishing in the Royal Gazette on 24 August the upgrade became official.[5]

The British diplomat John Crawfurd visited the area in 1822 during the mission described in his book Journal of an embassy from the Governor-General of India to the courts of Siam and Cochin-China : exhibiting a view of the actual state of those kingdoms. He reported that it was then already called Sam Roi Yot and described the view of the coast as "novel and imposing".[6]

Geography[edit]

Neighbouring districts are Pran Buri to the north and Kui Buri to the south. To the west is the Tanintharyi Division of Myanmar, to the east the Gulf of Thailand.

At the shore to the gulf is the Khao Sam Roi Yot National Park, which was the first coastal national park of Thailand established in 1966. Both the park as well as the district name originate from the hills named Sam Roi Yot (lit. three hundred spires).

Administration[edit]

The district is subdivided into 5 subdistricts (tambon), which are further subdivided into 41 villages (muban). There are further two townships (thesaban tambon) - Rai Kao covering parts of tambon Rai Kao and Sala Lai, and Rai Mai covering parts of the same-named tambon.

No. Name Thai name Villages Inh.     
1. Sam Roi Yot สามร้อยยอด 9 6,943
2. Sila Loi ศิลาลอย 9 10,489
3. Rai Kao ไร่เก่า 8 12,778
4. Salalai ศาลาลัย 8 7,184
5. Rai Mai ไร่ใหม่ 7 8,649

References[edit]

  1. ^ ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง แบ่งเขตท้องที่อำเภอปราณบุรี จังหวัดประจวบคีรีขันธ์ ตั้งเป็นกิ่งอำเภอสามร้อยยอด. Royal Gazette (in Thai) 112 (Special 9 ง): 66. March 22, 1995. 
  2. ^ ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง ตั้งและกำหนดเขตตำบลในท้องที่อำเภอสามร้อยยอด จังหวัดประจวบคีรีขันธ์. Royal Gazette (in Thai) 112 (91 ง): 59–67. November 14, 1995. 
  3. ^ พระราชกฤษฎีกาเปลี่ยนเขตอำเภอกุยบุรีกับกิ่งอำเภอสามร้อยยอด อำเภอปราณบุรี จังหวัดประจวบคีรีขันธ์ พ.ศ. ๒๕๓๘. Royal Gazette (in Thai) 112 (58 ก): 28–29. December 31, 1995. 
  4. ^ แถลงผลการประชุม ครม. ประจำวันที่ 15 พ.ค. 2550 (in Thai). Manager Online. 
  5. ^ พระราชกฤษฎีกาตั้งอำเภอฆ้องชัย...และอำเภอเหล่าเสือโก้ก พ.ศ. ๒๕๕๐. Royal Gazette (in Thai) 124 (46 ก): 14–21. August 24, 2007. 
  6. ^ Crawfurd, John (1830). Journal of an embassy from the Governor-General of India to the courts of Siam and Cochin-China : exhibiting a view of the actual state of those kingdoms. London: Henry Colburn and Richard Bentley. p. 194. 

External links[edit]