Takua Pa District
Amphoe location in Phang Nga Province
|• Total||599.4 km2 (231.4 sq mi)|
|• Density||72.5/km2 (188/sq mi)|
|Time zone||THA (UTC+7)|
The district is on the Andaman Sea coast. To the north of the district is the Si Phang Nga National Park. The southern part of the district is covered by the Khao Lak-Lam Ru National Park, which includes the popular beach resorts of Khao Lak, devastated by the tsunami resulting from the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake.
|Climate data for Takua Pa (1981–2010)|
|Average high °C (°F)||32.8
|Average low °C (°F)||21.5
|Rainfall mm (inches)||39.4
|Avg. rainy days (≥ 1 mm)||4||4||7||15||24||23||21||23||24||22||16||6||189|
|Source: Thai Meteorological Department (Normal 1981-2010), (Avg. rainy days 1961-1990)|
Originally named Takola (Thai:ตะโกลา), the town was one of the historic city states (mueang) dating back to Srivijaya times in the 13th century. It was also known as Takkolam (Tamil: தக்கோலம்) which is the Tamil word for “piper cuveba’ and “calyptranthes jambalana. There is also a place in the Tamil country which up to now carries the same name Takkolam. Takua Pa could have either abounded in the spices “calyptranthese jambalana” and “piper cubeba” or it could have been occupied by settlers from the Takkolam of the Tamil country, or both. Takua Pa is said to have been the finest harbor on the west coast of the peninsula for trade between the Malay kingdom of Sri Vijaya and the early South Indian Tamil kingdoms of the Cholas and Pallavas during different times in history. It was later renamed to Takua Pa due to the rich ores found near the town: "takua" (ตะกั่ว) is the Thai word for lead, even though tin was the most important ore found there.
There was a Hindu/Vishnu temple there in the 8th century CE. An important mercantile organisation called "Kodumbalur Manigramam", built a water tank for this temple. They left an inscription in Tamil. The tank was called "Avani Naaranam", the name of one of the Pallava Emperors of Tamil Nadu.
The town was long administrated by Nakhon Si Thammarat. In 1892 it was converted to a province, administered within the Monthon Phuket. This province was merged into Phang Nga Province on 1 April 1932. The district, Talad Yai ("big market", ตลาดใหญ่), was then renamed Takua Pa.
The district was an important tin-dredging area in the first half of the twentieth century, with the English company, Siamese Tin Syndicate Ltd., and the Australian company, Satupulo No Liability Co., both operating dredges in the rivers, with narrow-gauge tramways following them upstream. The Asiatic Company also had a dredge and tramway further inland at Amphoe Kapong. Siamese Tin was operating here at least as late as 1967, but Thai magnates, such as the late Chuti Bunsung, assumed operations by the early 1980s. By 2008 there were no signs remaining of the mining, as plantations, particularly rubber, have covered the former dredged areas. The public library at Takua Pa town has photographs on display of the dredging and sluicing operations in their heyday in the 1920s and 1930s. The former Asiatic Company workshops can also still be seen in Amphoe Kapong town.
The centre for the identification of bodies found after the 2004 tsunami is in the district. Opposite the identification centre is the cemetery where all unidentified foreign bodies have been buried. Laid out somewhat like the Commonwealth War Graves cemetery at Kanchanaburi, by late-2008 the cemetery was overgrown and run down, and inhabited by feral dogs.
The Takua Pa District is subdivided into 8 sub-districts (tambon), which are further subdivided into 51 villages (muban). Takua Pa itself has town (thesaban mueang) status and covers the complete tambon Takua Pa. There are 6 Tambon Administrative Organizations (TAO) - tambon. Takua Pa is administered by the town council and Tam Tua by a neighboring TAO, Bang Sai.
- Arokiaswamy, Celine W.M. (2000). Tamil Influences in Malaysia, Indonesia, and the Philippines. Manila s.n. p. 46.
- พระบรมราชโองการ ประกาศ ยุบรวมท้องที่บางมณฑลและบางจังหวัด. Royal Gazette (in Thai) 48 (0 ก): 576. February 21, 1932.
- ประกาศกระทรวงมหาดไทย เรื่อง เปลี่ยนนามอำภอตลาดใหญ่ เป็นอำเภอ ตะกั่วป่า. Royal Gazette (in Thai) 49 (0 ง): 576. May 1, 1932.
- "Population statistics 2008". Department of Provincial Administration.
- Takua Pa travel guide from Wikivoyage
- amphoe.com (Thai)
- Attractions of Takua Pa district by the Phang Nga province administration
- Khao Lak-Lam Ru National Park