- This article is about the city in Maharashtra. For ancient town in Andhra Pradesh, see Amaravati, Andhra Pradesh, or for other meanings of the word, see Amaravati.
अमरावती = Amravati- nickname = Amba Nagari, Vidarbha Nagari
|• Mayor||Vandana Kangale|
|• Deputy Mayor||Nandkishore Varhade|
|• Municipal Commissioner||Anil Dongre|
|• Commissioner of Police||Mr. Ajit Patil|
|• metropolitan||270 km2 (100 sq mi)|
|Elevation||343 m (1,125 ft)|
|• Density||2,395/km2 (6,200/sq mi)|
|• Official||Marathi Hindi English|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Vehicle registration||MH 27|
Amravati (अमरावती) pronunciation (help·info) is a city in the state of Maharashtra, India. It is the 5th most populous metropolitan area in Maharashtra. It is also the administrative headquarters of the Amravati district. Among the historical landmarks in the city are the temples of Amba, Shri Krishna and Shri Venkateshwara.
Amravati is also the headquarters of the "Amravati Division" which is one of the six divisions of the state of Maharashtra (Amravati and Nagpur divisions together form Vidarbha region). Apart from Amravati district itself, following four districts also come under Amravati Division: Akola, Yavatmal, Buldhana and Washim.
Amravati Municipal Corporation, established in 1983, is the first Municipal Corporation in India, which has introduced privatisation of octroi.
- 1 Geography
- 2 Climate
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Governance
- 5 Education
- 6 Culture and religion
- 7 History
- 8 Artists
- 9 Old Amravati
- 10 Transport
- 11 Growth
- 12 Entertainment, recreation and retail infrastructure
- 13 See also
- 14 References
- 15 External links
Amravati is located at  It has an average elevation of 343 metres (1125 feet). It lies 156 km (97 mi) west of Nagpur, and serves as the administrative center of Amravati District and of Amravati Division. The town is located near the passes through the hills that separate the cotton-growing regions of the Purna basin to the West and the Wardha basin to the East. There are two lakes in the eastern part of the city, Chhatri Talao & Wadali Talao. Pohara & Chirodi hills are to the east of the city. The Maltekdi hill is inside the city, it is 60 meters high..
Amravati has a tropical wet and dry climate with hot, dry summers and mild to cool winters. Summer lasts from March to June, monsoon season from July to October and winter from November to March.
The highest and lowest temperatures ever recorded was 47.9 °C on 25 May 2013 and 5.0 °C on 9 February 1887 respectively.
|Climate data for Amravati|
|Average high °C (°F)||29
|Average low °C (°F)||15
|Precipitation mm (inches)||13
|Source: Government of Maharashtra|
As per provisional reports of census, India, population of Amravati in 2011 is 646,801; of which male and female are 330,544 and 316,257 respectively. The sex ratio of Amravati city is 957 per 1000 males.
Municipal Commissioner of the Amravati is Shri Anil Dongre
The current Member of Parliament for Amravati is Anand Adsul of the Shivsena. The current Amravati mayor is Vandana Kangale of the Indian National Congress Party (INC), while Nandkishor Vharade of the Indian Nationalist Congress (NCP) is the Deputy Mayor.
Amravati is also the hometown of a number of politicians. The 12th Ex-President of India, Pratibha Patil originated from Amravati. Ex-Governor of Kerela, R. S. Gavai also came from Amravati. Both have represented the Amravati Lok Sabha constituency in the past.
Amravati Municipal Corporation
The Amravati Municipal Corporation is headed by a Mayor who is assisted by the Deputy Mayor. Before March 1999 they had an office term of only one year, which has now been raised to 3 years. They carry out the work through various committees such as Standing Committee, Law Committee, Education Committee, Women and Child Welfare Committee, City Development Committee and Four Zonal Committees for the four zones. Amravati Municipal Corporation was established on 15 August 1983. In August 1983 the area occupied by the Municipal Corporation was 121.65 km2. The AMC comprises area of erstwhile Municipal Council, Amravati, and area of erstwhile Municipal Council, Badnera along with eighteen revenue villages namely Navsari, Tarkheda, Shegaon, Rahatgaon, Mhasala, Wadali, Benoda, Jewad, Vadad, Nimbhora (K), Saturna, Akoli, Waruda, Kasbe, Badnera Mahajanpura, Gambhirpura and Amravati Peth. Now the total area of the city is 270 km2 of which 181 km2 falls under municipal limits and about 89 km2 falls out of the municipal limits.
Amravati is well known since decades for a well diversified range of colleges in Vidharbha. The city boasts of Various well known agricultural, engineering, medical, arts & science colleges. Panjabrao Deshmukh Medical college, Panjabrao Deskmukh agricultural college, Government college of engineering are to name a few. Regarding schooling, Amravati at large has many private schools which offer immense quality education.
Culture and religion
The Temple of Goddess Amba is an example of religious architecture in the Vidharbha Region. There's a legend that when Lord Krishna ran away with Goddess Rukhamini from her wedding ceremony, he used a tunnel laying from Ambadevi temple to Koundinyapur (another spiritual place near Amravati). This tunnel is still in existence but is now closed. Many research teams over the years have tried to estimate the length of the tunnel but their efforts have been in vain.
During the festival of Navratri (literally: nine nights), a Mela lasting nine days is organised, people from nearby towns and villages participate and dance Garba/Dandiya until late in the evening. The city is also known for the Sai Temple and Bhaktidham situated in Sai Nagar. The Shree Swami Samarth temple is situated in Rahatgaon. Other major Indian festivals like Eid-ul-Fitr, Eid-ul-Azha, Dipawali, Holi and Makarsankranti are also celebrated with lots of enthusiasm.
The 11th Annual Pakshi Mitra Sammelan was held at Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University. It was presided over by the ornithologist, Raju Kasambe.
AMRAVATI CITY POLICE Amravati is under City Police Commissionerate.Mr Ajit Patil is City Police Commissioner.City is divided in 10 police stations. 3 new police stations are proposed-Sai Nagar,MIDC and Tapowan.
Dr. Suresh Mekala has been appointed new Commissioner of Police (Feb 20th 2014)
The ancient name of Amravati is "Udumbravati", in prakrut, "Umbravati". The variant 'Amravati' is the presently accepted name. It is said that Amravati is named for its ancient Ambadevi temple. A mention of Amravati can be found on a stone inscription on the base of the marble statue of God Adinath (Jain God) Rhishabhnath. The statues date back to the year 1097. Govind Maha Prabhu visited Amravati in the 13th century, when Wardha was under the rule of Deogiri's Hindu King (Yadava dynasty). In 14th century, there was drought and famine in Amravati, so people abandoned Amravati and left for Gujrat and Malwa. Though some locals returned after several years, this resulted in a scanty population. In 16th century, Magar Aurangpura (today, 'Sabanpura') was alloted for a Jama Masjid by Mughal Aurangzeb. This indicates the existence of a Muslim population. In 1722, Chhattrapati Shahu presented Amravati and Badnera to Shri Ranoji Bhosle; eventually Amravati was known as Bhosle ki Amravati. The city was reconstructed and developed by Ranoji Bhosle after the treaty of Devgaon and Anjangaon Surji and victory over Gavilgad (Fort of Chikhaldara). The British general and author Wellesly camped in Amravati, the place is still known as the 'camp', by Amravati people. Amravati city was founded towards the end of the 18th century. The Union state of Nijam and Bosale ruled Amravati. They appointed a revenue officer but neglected defence. The Gavilgad fort was conquered by the British on 15 December 1803. Under to the Deogaon treaty, Warhad was presented as a token of the friendship to the Nijam.
Warhad was ruled by the Nijams thereafter. Around 1805, the Pendharies attacked Amravati city.
The Sahukars (bankers and merchants) of Amravati saved Amravati by presenting seven lakh rupees to Chittu Pendhari. The Nijam ruled for a more than half century. From 1859 to 1871, many government buildings were constructed by the British. The Railway Station was constructed in 1859; the Commissioner Bungalow in 1860, the Small Causes Court in 1886, (today, the S.D.O. OFFICE), the Tahsil Office & the Main Post Office were built in 1871. The Central Jail, Collector's Office, the Rest House and Cotton Market were also built. During 1896, Shri Dadasaheb Khaparde, Shri Raghunath Narasinha Mudholkar, Sir Moropant Joshi, Shri Pralhad Pant Jog were prominent men in Amravati. The 13th Congress Conference was held at Amravati on 27–29 Dec' 1897 due to their efforts. The Municipal A.V. High School was inaugurated at the hands of Shri Subhas Chandra Bose. Amravati housed the head office of 'Savinay Awagya Andolan '(The Civil Disobedience Movement). On 26 April 1930, water was taken from 'Dahihanda' for the famous 'Namak Satyagrah', Dr. Soman brought sea water from Mumbai for the occasion. About ten thousand people prepared salt under the leadership of Shri Vir Vamanrao Joshi.
Udumbaravati is the ancient name of Amravati. It was due to the presence of a large number of Audumber trees in the region. Umbravati, Umravati& Amravati are derivatives of Udumbaravati. The city grew rapidly at the end of the 18th century due to growth in businesses.
In 1853, the present day territory of Amravati district, as a part of the Berar Province was assigned to the British East India Company, following a treaty with the Nizam of Hyderabad. After the Company took over the administration of the province, it was divided into two districts. The present day territory of the district became part of North Berar district, with headquarters at Buldana. Later, the province was reconstituted and the territory of the present district became part of East Berar district, with headquarters at Amraoti. In 1864, Yavatmal District (initially known as Southeast Berar district and later Wun district) was separated. In 1867, Ellichpur District was separated but in August 1905, when the whole province was reorganised into six districts, it was again merged into the district. In 1903, it became part of the newly constituted province of Central Provinces and Berar. In 1956, Amravati district became part of Bombay State and after its bifurcation in 1960, it became part of Maharashtra state.
- First in Amravati – who & what
- The first Public (Sarvajanik) Ganesh Festival was organised by Laxmikant Krida Mandal, Ambagate in the year 1915 and is the most oldest Ganesh Mandals across India.
- The first Commissioner of Amravati was T.H.Bullok.
- The first march (Morcha) was arranged under the leadership of Shri Dada Jog.
- The first Police Station was established in the year 1877, it was inside the walled city then and place was near the Laxmi – Narayan Temple.
- The first person to get re-married was Shri Bhaskar Thatte, at the hands of Shri Balasaheb Bedekar.
- The first Circus visited Amravati in the year 1905–06. It was camped at Neharu Ground.
- The first person to be jailed for singing Vande Mataram was Shri. Jairam Patil, in the year 1907.
- Shri Jainarayan Vyas, in the year 1925, started the first Ice Factory at Ramvilas Garden.
- Shri D.B. Ghatoriya established first property dealer's office "SANJAY AGENCIS" in 1967 in Amravati.
- The Amravati – Narkhed Railway was sanctioned for at Shimla on 12 May 1928 and commissioned on 29 Oct 2012 after 84 years. 09307 Indore-Yashwantpur Holiday Special was the first train to run on it.
- The first woman to face a political arrest was Mrs. Parvatibai Patwardhan in 1930.
- Shri Hambarde arranged the first wrestling championship. The famous Gama Pahelwan had come to take part. Hordes of people had come to watch him. But his opponent Ganga Singh Pahelwan did not turn up.
- Electric Supply to Amravati was started by the Amravati Electric Company. The Company was formed in 1928. This company first started the streetlights.
- The Varhad Untouchable's Convention was held in 1927 at Saban Pura, Amravati. Its Chairperson was Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar.
- The Amravati Zilla Parishad was constituted on 1 May 1962.
- The 62nd Marathi Sahitya Sammelan was held at Amravati for the first time in the year 1989. It was on dates 21,22,23 January 1989. It was chaired by Shri. K.J.Purohit (Shantaram). The venue was H.V.P. M. Amravati Campus. It was sponsored by H.V.P.M.Amravati and the City Library.
- The first people to represent an Indian delegation to Britain were Shri Ranganath pant Mudholkar & Shri Moropant Joshi. Moropant Joshi was 29 years of age at the time.
- The first trust in Amravati was founded from the donation of Pralhadpant Jog, a famous Lawyer. The chairperson was Shri Dadasaheb Khaparde. The property of Jog trust was located at today's Joshi Hall, New High School and city Library it was named as Jog Square after him.
- Indrabhavan Theatre was the first theatre in Amravati. Initially used to stage plays and folk art form, it was later converted to a cinema hall.
- Gandhi chowk was named so for the first time, on 9 October 1920 on the occasion of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi's Birthday.
- Sir Moropant Vishvanath Joshi, a resident of Amravati, was the first Indian to have held the post of a Minister in the British Government. He was the Home minister from 1920 to 1925.
- The first multiplex in Amravati is E orbit Multiplex
- Shri Hanuman Vyayam Prasarak Mandal is a well known sports institute of Amravati.
- The Vidarbha Sahitya Sangha was founded in Amravati on 14 January 1923.
- Amravati is the only city in Maharashtra of which history from 11th Century is available.
- The first Finance Minister of independent India Shri Chintamanrao alias C. D. Deshmukh was an Amravatian.
- A member of Hanuman Vyayam Prasarak Mandal, Shri Rajesh Muralidhar Mahatme (25 years) was the first person to enter the "Limca book of records” for his feat of cycling for 24 hours without a pause.
- Other historical facts
Amravati, in Sanskrit, literally means 'abode of immortals'. Amravati was the capital of Berar, which was part of present-day Vidharbha. Berar was part of the Mauryan emperor Ashoka's empire. In 1833, Berar was handed over to the British East India Company. It was divided into two districts, South Berar or Balaghat and North Berar. In 1956, due to the reorganisation of the states, Amravati was transferred from Madhya Pradesh to Bombay state. Later in 1960, with the creation of Maharashtra, Amravati became one of its districts.
In 1897, the Indian National Congress assembled at Amraoti. It was headed by Chettur Sankaran Nair . In an address he referred to the high-handedness of foreign administration, called for reforms and asked for self-government for India with Dominion Status.
Freedom fighter Bhagat Singh hid for 3 days in Amravati during his underground stint. He is known to have frequently visited the Hanuman Akhada (Gym) in this time.
- Shri Suresh Bhat: a popular gazal writer.
- Shri Bhimrao Panchale, Marathi Gazal Singer
- Shri Mohan Choti, Character actor of Bollywood films in 60's and 0's
- Shri Ashish Jayant Shingore (Famous Hindi and Marathi Movie Actor / Producer / Director and TV / News Paper Journalist.)
- Shri Bharat Ganeshpure (A very Famous Marathi movie actor, born at Daryapur,who have acted in various marathi movies)
- Shri Chandrakant Shinde, (Award winner Marathi and Hindi Drama Writer, Directo, Actor and Founder of SANKALP Sanstha, Amravati)
Amravati is served by the following private schools in addition to the public schools operated by Amravati Municipal Corporation.
These schools are affiliated to Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education (MSBSHSE).
Navodaya Vidyalaya, Abyasa English School and Indo Public School follow CBSE pattern of learning. The Management of Abyasa English School has also decided to start an ICSE affiliated school, which will be known as Amravati Public School. The plan is in its initial stage.
At the heart of the city is the well known government institute: The Govt. Vidarbha Institute Of Science And Humanities, formerly Vidarbha Mahavidyalaya. It started out as King Edward College. It is the only college serving Amravati with maximum branches for humanities at the undergraduate and post-graduate level. The college has several renowned alumni. The institute has over 500 teaching and non-teaching staff, the maximum in any college under Amravati University.
More than 265 educational institutes operate under the management of Shivaji Education Society founded by Dr. Punjabrao Deshmukh.
- Government College of Pharmacy
- Government College of Engineering, Amravati
- Government Polytechnic Amravati
- Sipna Collge of Engineering and Technology,Amravati
- P. R. Patil Group of Educational Institutes
- T.S.H.M.C HOMOEOPATHIC MEDICAL COLLEGE AMRAVATI
- Smt. Kesharbai Lahoti Mahavidyalaya
- V.Y.W.S.'s Prof. Ram Meghe Institute of Technology & Research
- Prof Ram Meghe College of Engineering and Management.
- IBSS College of engineering & Dr. Rajendra Gode Polytechnic. Mardi Road Ghatkhed Amravati
- Degree College of Physical Education, Shree H.V.P. Mandal, Amravati
Shree H.V.P. Mandal, Amravati was established in 1914 and is serving as a sports institution. Its members are known to have participated in the Indian independence movement. It has diversified its activities to the field of Ayurveda, education (in tribal areas), Engineering and Technology.
New engineering colleges have sprung up in past few years including H.V.P.Mandal's College of Engg. & Technology, Sipna College of Engg. and Technology and P. R Patil Educational Institutes,IBSS college of engineering,Kamlatai gawai college of engineering,Raisoni.
Amravati was once surrounded by four gates: Jawahar Gate, Kholapuri Gate, Nagpuri Gate and Amba Gate. The jewellery market (also known as Sarafa Bazaar) is located inside Jawahar Gate with renowned shops like Gajanan jewellers,Mangalam,Gawhane jewellers, Gogate Saraf, Soni jewellers, etc. There are two main parts inside the Fort wall, Bhaji Bazar and Budhwara, famous for Ganesh Chaturthi celebrations ( The festival of Lord Ganesha ). The two well known ganesh mandals of Bhaji Bazar are Chhatrapati Shivaji Mandal and Sarvajanik Mandal. In Budhwara, the oldest Famous ganesh mandal of Vidarbh Shri Laxmikant Ganeshotsav Mandal(1916) and other mandals are Azad Hind Mandal,Nilkanth Mandal Shree Shivaji Mandal & Anant Mandal. Mandals are committees which organise various programs during the ten days Ganesh Chaturthi. There are well known temples located in old Amravati, examples include the Balkrishna temple, Someshwar Temple, Murlidhar and Bhrahmachari Maharaj Temple (Renovated by the Deodia family in 1938). The Laxmi Narayan Temple, Jain Shwetamber Temple, Kala Maroti Temple are all in Bhaji bazar. The Nilkanth Temple, Shri Krishna temple, Ekvira Devi temple, are in Budhwara. The Amba Devi and Ekvira Devi temple are at the Amba Gate.
Two wheelers and city buses run by the Amravati Municipal Corporation are the major forms of transport within the city. Auto rickshaws and cycle rickshaws are also popular. The Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation (MSRTC) provides transport services for intercity and interstate travel. Many private operators also ply on the highly travelled Amravati – Pune and Amravati – Indore route. Bus services to cities like Nagpur, Bhopal, Indore, Raipur, Jabalpur, Mumbai, Pune, Akola, Nanded, Aurangabad, Parbhani Solapur,Goa Shirdi,Hyderabad,Kolhapur, are also available.
New concept of Women's Special City bus in Amravati which is First in Vidarbha region.
President Pratibha Patil laid the foundation stone for the New Amravati Model Railway Station building on 7 September 2008. It was inaugurated on 10 December 2011. The new train Amravati-Tirupati Express was flagged off on the same date. Former Railway Minister Lalu Prasad Yadav announced the decision to set up a new divisional railway office in Amravati which will be housed in the model railway station building. This will be the sixth divisional railway office of Central Railways, the other five divisions being in Mumbai, Nagpur, Solapur, Bhusawal and Pune. Now Amravati is connected by three Railway stations (Amravati Railway Station, Badnera Railway Station, New Amravati Railway Station on Narkhed route) Amravati railway station provides multiple shuttle services to Badnera throughout the day. Along with this, following trains originate from here.
- 12159 Amravati – Jabalpur Super Fast Express (Monday, Wednesday, Saturday at 17:45) (will be daily soon)
- 12119 Amravati – Ajni (Nagpur) Intercity Express (Monday to Friday at 05:30)
- 12112 Amravati – Mumbai Superfast Express (Daily at 19:05)
- 59026 Amravati – Surat Fast Passenger (Monday, Friday, Saturday at 09:00)
- 51261 Amravati – Wardha Passenger (Daily at 15:30)
- 51184 Amravati – Bhusaval Passenger (Daily at 13:00)(will soon be extended to Narkher via NEW AMRAVATI skipping Amravati)
- 12766 Amravati – Tirupati Superfast Express (Monday and Thursday at 06:55)
- 11406 Amravati – Pune Express via Akola, Purna and Latur (Monday and Saturday at 18:30)
- 51136/51138/51140/51142/51146/51148/51150 Amravati – Badnera Passenger (Daily at 02:15, 03:55, 07:15, 11;45, 18:50, 20:25, 23:40)
Amravati Airport, located at Belora, 15 kilometres off NH-6 towards Akola, is operated by the Maharashtra Airport Development Company (MADC). Presently it has no commercial scheduled flights. The Nagpur Flying Club has applied to DGCA for permission to shift its flying operations to Amravati airport.  It also has a helipad facility. MADC is acquiring about 400 Hectares of land ford developing the airport and related facilities at an estimated cost of Rs. 2.25 billion. Recently Amravati Airport has been handed over to Airport Authority Of India for development
Like many other small cities, Amravati is ramping up its infrastructure. New flyovers and roads are being built under the Integrated Road Development Programme (IRDP) of the Government of Maharashtra. D The city is rapidly expanding towards Badnera, 10 km to the south, an important railway junction where the branch railway line serving Amravati joins the main Mumbai – Bhusawal – Wardha – Nagpur – Howrah rail route.
Amravati is growing as an industrial center, with cotton mills leading the way. Amravati district is home to Vidarbha Sugar Mills Ltd., Kurha. It is the sole surviving sugar factory in Amravati region.
Indiabulls is developing a 2700MW Thermal Power Plant at Nandgaon Peth/Sawardi MIDC.
Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) plans to make air defence missiles at a proposed site at Nandgaon Peth/Sawardi MIDC. Amravati Narkhed railway line is inaugurated and the trains like Indore – Yesvantpur(Bangalore) is running on this railway line and other goods trains are diverted through this line and the Jaipur – Secunderbad train is also started in this month.New Amravati Station is Constructed/Developed on this line. Two new trains via AMRAVATI NARKHED are going to be announced in the Railway Budget.
Warehousing / Godown facility Amravati is main city in vidarbha region and division in maharashtra. Warehousing facility is available provided by Central Warehousing Corporation and for agricultural produce APMC godowns are available which is not sufficient for this huge city. Maharashtra state warehousing Corporation does't have any warehousing center in city. Two more TEXTILE units are coming to amravati sez with an investment of about 200–3 billion.Regular/Daily passenger train is announced in the budget from NEW AMRAVATI station to NARKHED station. BHUSAVAL AMRAVATI passenger train has been extended to narkhed station.
Industries are coming to amravati sez like indiabulls,bharat dynamics missile unit,garment cluster and even the wagon repair unit of Indian railways has been approved in amravati city. Work on Amravati Airport will start soon as it has been handed over to Airports Authority of India for the developement,AAI will develope the Airport in Amravati city within 2–3 years as they just need to extend the runway and provide night landing facilities and a taxiway. so people of amravati are expecting the airport will be developed in a record time as already it has become a highly delayed project.so wishing early and speedy completion/development of Amravati airport By AAI.
Entertainment, recreation and retail infrastructure
Shopping centres like Best Price (Walmart-Bharti Venture), Reliance Trends, Big Bazaar (Now Closed), D-Mart, J&D Mall (Veer Vamanrao Joshi market) and ITC Choupal Sagar have cropped up in recent years. This has happened as a result of increase in the standard of living and due to a drastic increase in the city's Gross domestic product (by purchasing power parity).
Lifestyle brands have a retail presence in the city. Additionally other retail brands like Adidas, Reebok, Levi Strauss, John Players, Wrangler, Provogue, K-Lounge, Belmonte, Manyawar, Trigger, Spykar, Raymond, Titan Watches & Eyewear Mufti brand operate stores.
The city has many single screen cinemas. The city has 3 Multiplexes such as E-orbit (Big Bazar) Big Cinemas Reliance (Jaistambh).and Best Cinema (Jaistambh)
Recently, American restaurant chain Domino's Pizza started its first outlet in the city.Some standard Outlets like Cafe Coffee Day (Rto Camp) Cafe Coffee Day (Navathe) Cad b(Ambapeth) Cad d(Camp) Chokolate Heaven (Camp)
However Due to lack of response and heavy competition from Bharti-Walmart Best Price and D-Mart Big Bazaar has shut its operations from the city.
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- Official website
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- Amravati District Statics
- Amravati City: Beautiful N Calm
|Karanja, Washim district||Nandgaon Khandeshwar, Yavatmal, Akola Bazar||Chandur, Maharashtra|