Amravati

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This article is about the municipality in Maharashtra, India. For its namesake district, see Amravati district.

This article is about the city in Maharashtra. For ancient town in Andhra Pradesh, see Amaravati, Andhra Pradesh, or for other meanings of the word, see Amaravati.

Amravati
अमरावती
Municipal Corporation
Amravati is located in Maharashtra
Amravati
Amravati
Coordinates: 20°55′33″N 77°45′53″E / 20.92583°N 77.76472°E / 20.92583; 77.76472Coordinates: 20°55′33″N 77°45′53″E / 20.92583°N 77.76472°E / 20.92583; 77.76472
Country India
State Maharashtra
District Amravati
Founded 1097 AD[1]
Government
 • Type Mayor–Council
 • Body Amravati Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor Reena Nanda
 • Municipal Commissioner Anil Dongre
 • Commissioner of Police Dr. Suresh Kumar
 • Member of Legislative Assembly Sunil Deshmukh
Area
 • Municipal Corporation 270 km2 (100 sq mi)
Area rank 23
Elevation 343 m (1,125 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Municipal Corporation 646,801
 • Rank 22
 • Density 2,395/km2 (6,200/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,031,100+[2]
Demonym Amravatian, Amravtikar
Languages
 • Official Marathi Hindi English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 444 60x
Telephone code 91-721
Vehicle registration MH 27
Literacy 93.03%
Website amravati.nic.in

Amravati About this sound pronunciation  is a city in the state of Maharashtra, India. It is the 5th most populous metropolitan area in the state. It is the administrative headquarters of the Amravati district. It is also the headquarters of the "Amravati Division" which is one of the six divisions of the state. Among the historical landmarks in the city are the temples of Amba, Shri Krishna and Shri Venkateshwara.

Geography[edit]

Amravati is located at 20°56′N 77°45′E / 20.93°N 77.75°E / 20.93; 77.75.[3] It has an average elevation of 343 metres (1125 feet). It lies 156 km (97 mi) west of Nagpur and serves as the administrative centre of Amravati District and of Amravati Division. The town is located near the passes through the hills that separate the cotton-growing regions of the Purna basin to the West and the Wardha basin to the East. There are two lakes in the eastern part of the city, Chhatri Talao & Wadali Talao. Pohara & Chirodi hills are to the east of the city. The Maltekdi hill is inside the city, it is 60 meters high.

Climate[edit]

Amravati has a tropical wet and dry climate with hot, dry summers and mild to cool winters. Summer lasts from March to June, monsoon season from July to October and winter from November to March.

The highest and lowest temperatures ever recorded was 47.9 °C on 25 May 2013 and 5.0 °C on 9 February 1887 respectively.

Climate data for Amravati
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 29
(84)
32
(90)
36
(97)
40
(104)
42
(108)
37
(99)
31
(88)
30
(86)
31
(88)
33
(91)
30
(86)
28
(82)
33.3
(91.9)
Average low °C (°F) 15
(59)
17
(63)
21
(70)
25
(77)
27
(81)
25
(77)
23
(73)
23
(73)
22
(72)
20
(68)
17
(63)
15
(59)
20.8
(69.6)
Precipitation mm (inches) 13
(0.51)
16
(0.63)
9
(0.35)
8
(0.31)
13
(0.51)
155
(6.1)
248
(9.76)
173
(6.81)
165
(6.5)
44
(1.73)
21
(0.83)
9
(0.35)
874
(34.39)
Source: Government of Maharashtra

Demographics[edit]

Population of Amravati in 2011 was 646,801; of which male and female are 330,544 and 316,257 respectively. The sex ratio of Amravati city is 957 per 1000 males.

Governance[edit]

Amravati Municipal Corporation is the local authority in the city. It is headed by a Mayor who is assisted by a Deputy Mayor elected for a tenure of three years.[4] It was established on 15 August 1983. The area governed by the Municipal Corporation at that time was 121.65 km2 comprising the erstwhile Municipal Councils of Amravati and Badnera along with eighteen revenue villages. Now the total area of Amravati city is 270 km2 of which 181 km2 falls under municipal limits and about 89 km2 does not fall within the municipal limits.

Amravati district's police is headed by Police Commissioner. The city has ten police stations.

Education[edit]

Amravati is well known since decades for a well diversified range of colleges in Vidarbha. Punjabrao Deshmukh, the first agricultural minister of India, was also known as father of Amravati education due to his valuable work in this field. He established Shivaji Education Society. The city has many agricultural, engineering, medical, arts and science colleges - Panjabrao Deshmukh Medical College and Panjabrao Deskmukh Agricultural College, Government College of Engineering - to name a few.

Culture and religion[edit]

Sanskriti Bhavan
Sanskriti Bhavan

The Temple of Goddess Amba is an example of religious architecture in the Vidarbha Region. There's a legend that when Lord Krishna ran away with Rukhamini from her wedding ceremony, he used a tunnel laid from Ambadevi temple to Koundinyapur (another spiritual place near Amravati). This tunnel is still in existence but is now closed. Many research teams over the years have tried to estimate the length of the tunnel but their efforts have been in vain.

The well known historical temple "Kondeshwar" is situated 15 km away.

Marathi Sahitya Sammelan, the conference on Marathi Literature were held twice in Amravati city. It was presided by Keshav Jagannath Purohit in 1989.

History[edit]

The ancient name of Amravati is "Udumbravati", in prakrut, "Umbravati". The variant 'Amravati' is the presently accepted name. It is said that Amravati is named for its ancient Ambadevi temple. A mention of Amravati can be found on a stone inscription on the base of the marble statue of God Adinath (Jain God) Rhishabhnath. The statues date back to the year 1097. Govind Maha Prabhu visited Amravati in the 13th century, when Wardha was under the rule of Deogiri's Hindu King (Yadava dynasty). In the 14th century, there was drought and famine in Amravati, so people abandoned Amravati and left for Gujrat and Malwa. Though some locals returned after several years, this resulted in a scanty population. In the 16th century, Magar Aurangpura (today, 'Sabanpura') was allotted for a Jama Masjid by Mughal Aurangzeb. This indicates the existence of a Muslim population. In 1722, Chhattrapati Shahu presented Amravati and Badnera to Shri Ranoji Bhosle; eventually Amravati was known as Bhosle ki Amravati. The city was reconstructed and developed by Ranoji Bhosle after the treaty of Devgaon and Anjangaon Surji and victory over Gavilgad (Fort of Chikhaldara). The British general and author Wellesly camped in Amravati, the place is still known as the 'camp', by Amravati people. Amravati city was founded towards the end of the 18th century. The Union state of Nijam and Bosale ruled Amravati. They appointed a revenue officer but neglected defence. The Gavilgad fort was conquered by the British on 15 December 1803. Under to the Deogaon treaty, Warhad was presented as a token of the friendship to the Nijam.

Warhad was ruled by the Nijams thereafter. Around 1805, the Pendharies attacked Amravati city.

The Sahukars (bankers and merchants) of Amravati saved Amravati by presenting seven lakh rupees to Chittu Pendhari. The Nijam ruled for a more than half century. From 1859 to 1871, many government buildings were constructed by the British. The Railway Station was constructed in 1859; the Commissioner Bungalow in 1860, the Small Causes Court in 1886, (today, the S.D.O. OFFICE), the Tahsil Office & the Main Post Office were built in 1871. The Central Jail, Collector's Office, the Rest House and Cotton Market were also built. During 1896, Shri Dadasaheb Khaparde, Shri Raghunath Narasinha Mudholkar, Sir Moropant Joshi, Shri Pralhad Pant Jog were prominent men in Amravati. The 13th Congress Conference was held at Amravati on 27–29 Dec' 1897 due to their efforts.[1] The Municipal A.V. High School was inaugurated at the hands of Shri Subhas Chandra Bose. Amravati housed the head office of 'Savinay Awagya Andolan '(The Civil Disobedience Movement). On 26 April 1930, water was taken from 'Dahihanda' for the famous 'Namak Satyagrah', Dr. Soman brought sea water from Mumbai for the occasion. About ten thousand people prepared salt under the leadership of Shri Vir Vamanrao Joshi.

Udumbaravati is the ancient name of Amravati. It was due to the presence of a large number of Audumber trees in the region. Umbravati, Umravati& Amravati are derivatives of Udumbaravati. The city grew rapidly at the end of the 18th century due to growth in businesses.

In 1853, the present day territory of Amravati district, as a part of the Berar Province was assigned to the British East India Company, following a treaty with the Nizam of Hyderabad. After the Company took over the administration of the province, it was divided into two districts. The present day territory of the district became part of North Berar district, with headquarters at Buldana. Later, the province was reconstituted and the territory of the present district became part of East Berar district, with headquarters at Amraoti. In 1864, Yavatmal District (initially known as Southeast Berar district and later Wun district) was separated. In 1867, Ellichpur District was separated but in August 1905, when the whole province was reorganised into six districts, it was again merged into the district. It became part of the newly constituted province of Central Provinces and Berar in 1903. In 1956, Amravati district became part of Bombay State and after Bombay state's bifurcation in 1960, it became part of Maharashtra state.

First in Amravati – who & what
  • The first Public (Sarvajanik) Ganesh Festival was organised by Laxmikant Krida Mandal, Ambagate in the year 1915 and is the most oldest Ganesh Mandals across India.
  • The first Commissioner of Amravati was T.H.Bullok.
  • The first march (Morcha) was arranged under the leadership of Shri Dada Jog.
  • The first Police Station was established in the year 1877. It was inside the walled city near the Laxmi Narayan Temple.
  • The first person to get remarried was Shri Bhaskar Thatte at the hands of Shri Balasaheb Bedekar.
  • The first Circus visited Amravati in the year 1905–06. It was camped at Neharu Ground.
  • The first person to be jailed for singing Vande Mataram was Shri Jairam Patil in the year 1907.
  • The first woman to face a political arrest was Mrs. Parvatibai Patwardhan in 1930.
  • Shri Jainarayan Vyas started the first Ice Factory at Ramvilas Garden in 1925.
  • The Amravati – Narkhed Railway was sanctioned for at Shimla on 12 May 1928 and commissioned on 29 Oct 2012 after 84 years.
  • Shri Hambarde arranged the first wrestling championship. The famous Gama Pahelwan had come to take part. Hordes of people had come to watch him. But his opponent Ganga Singh Pahelwan did not turn up.
  • Electric supply to Amravati was started by the Amravati Electric Company formed in 1928. This company first started the street lights.
  • The Varhad Untouchable's Convention was held in 1927 at Saban Pura, Amravati. Its Chairperson was Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar.
  • The Amravati Zilla Parishad was constituted on 1 May 1962.
  • The first people to represent an Indian delegation to Britain were Shri Ranganath pant Mudholkar & Shri Moropant Joshi. Moropant Joshi was 29 years of age at the time.
  • The first trust in Amravati was founded from the donation of Pralhadpant Jog, a famous Lawyer. The chairperson was Shri Dadasaheb Khaparde. The property of Jog trust was located at today's Joshi Hall, New High School and city Library it was named as Jog Square after him.
  • Indrabhavan Theatre was the first theatre in Amravati. Initially used to stage plays and folk art form, it was later converted to a cinema hall.
  • Gandhi Chowk was named so for the first time on 9 October 1920[citation needed] on the occasion of Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi's birthday.
  • Sir Moropant Vishvanath Joshi, a resident of Amravati, was the first Indian to have held the post of a Minister in the British Government. He was the Home minister from 1920 to 1925.
Miscellanea
  • Shri Hanuman Vyayam Prasarak Mandal is a well known sports institute of Amravati.
  • The Vidarbha Sahitya Sangha was founded in Amravati on 14 January 1923.
  • Amravati is the only city in Maharashtra of which history from the 11th Century is available[citation needed].
  • The first Finance Minister of independent India Dr. Chintamanrao Deshmukh (C. D. Deshmukh) was from Amravati.
Other historical facts

Amravati, in Sanskrit, literally means 'abode of immortals'. Amravati was the capital of Berar, which was part of present-day Vidharbha. Berar was part of the Mauryan emperor Ashoka's empire. In 1833, Berar was handed over to the British East India Company. It was divided into two districts, South Berar or Balaghat and North Berar. In 1956, due to the reorganisation of the states, Amravati was transferred from Madhya Pradesh to Bombay state. Later in 1960, with the creation of Maharashtra, Amravati became one of its districts.

Indian independence freedom fighters such as Rao Bahadur Raghunath Narasinha Mudholkar, Dadasaheb Khaparde, Moropant Vishvanath Joshi came from the city.

In 1897, the Indian National Congress assembled at Amraoti. It was headed by Chettur Sankaran Nair . In an address he referred to the high-handedness of foreign administration, called for reforms and asked for self-government for India with Dominion Status.[5]

Freedom fighter Bhagat Singh hid for 3 days in Amravati during his underground stint. He is known to have frequently visited the Hanuman Akhada (Gym) in this time.

Artists[edit]

  • Shri Suresh Bhat: a popular gazal writer.
  • Shri Bhimrao Panchale, Marathi Gazal Singer
  • Shri Mohan Choti, Character actor of Bollywood films in 60's and 0's
  • Dr. Satish Pawade, Famous playwright and Director, Also Member of Stage performance scrutiny board, M.S. GOVT. Working with International University, Deptt. of Theatre and film studies,
  • Shri Ashish Jayant Shingore (Famous Hindi and Marathi Movie Actor / Producer / Director and TV / News Paper Journalist.)
  • Shri Bharat Ganeshpure (A very Famous Marathi movie actor, born at Daryapur,who have acted in various marathi movies)
  • Shri Chandrakant Shinde, (Award winner Marathi and Hindi Drama Writer, Directo, Actor and Founder of SANKALP Sanstha, Amravati)

Colleges[edit]

At the heart of the city is the well known government institute: The Govt. Vidarbha Institute Of Science And Humanities, formerly Vidarbha Mahavidyalaya. It started out as King Edward College. It is the only college serving Amravati with maximum branches for humanities at the undergraduate and post-graduate level. The college has several renowned alumni. The institute has over 500 teaching and non-teaching staff, the maximum in any college under Amravati University.

More than 265 educational institutes operate under the management of Shivaji Education Society founded by Dr. Punjabrao Deshmukh.

Amravati is a major educational center in Central India. Major colleges affiliated to Sant Gadge Baba Amravati University[6] include

Shivaji education socety is largest education society after Rayat education society in Asia.

Shree H.V.P. Mandal, Amravati[11] was established in 1914 and is serving as a sports institution. Its members are known to have participated in the Indian independence movement. It has diversified its activities to the field of Ayurveda, education (in tribal areas), Engineering and Technology.

In 2011, the prestigious Indian Institute of Mass Communication has set up its regional centre at Amravati University.

New engineering colleges have sprung up in past few years including H.V.P. Mandal's College of Engg. & Technology, Sipna College of Enginerering and Technology and P. R Patil Educational Institutes, IBSS College of Egineering, Kamlatai Gawai College of Engineering, Raisoni.

Old Amravati[edit]

Amravati was once surrounded by four gates: Jawahar Gate, Kholapuri Gate, Nagpuri Gate and Amba Gate. The jewellery market (also known as Sarafa Bazaar) is located inside Jawahar Gate with renowned shops like Gajanan jewellers,Mangalam,Gawhane jewellers, Gogate Saraf, Soni jewellers, etc. There are two main parts inside the Fort wall, Bhaji Bazar and Budhwara, famous for Ganesh Chaturthi celebrations ( The festival of Lord Ganesha ). The two well known ganesh mandals of Bhaji Bazar are Chhatrapati Shivaji Mandal and Sarvajanik Mandal. In Budhwara, the oldest Famous ganesh mandal of Vidarbh Shri Laxmikant Ganeshotsav Mandal(1916) and other mandals are Azad Hind Mandal, Nilkanth Mandal, Shree Shivaji Mandal & Anant Mandal. Mandals are committees which organise various programs during the ten days Ganesh Chaturthi. There are well known temples located in old Amravati, examples include the Balkrishna temple, Someshwar Temple, Murlidhar and Bhrahmachari Maharaj Temple (Renovated by the Deodia family in 1938). The Laxmi Narayan Temple, Jain Shwetamber Temple, Kala Maroti Temple are all in Bhaji bazar. The Nilkanth Temple, Shri Krishna temple, Ekvira Devi temple, are in Budhwara. The Amba Devi and Ekvira Devi temple are at the Amba Gate. and famous jama masjid in Sabunpura

Transport[edit]

Road[edit]

Amravati City Bus
Amravati City Bus

City bus service is run by the Amravati Municipal Corporation. Private auto rickshaws and cycle rickshaws are also popular. Motorcycles and scooters outnumber cars. The Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation (MSRTC) provides transport services for intercity and interstate travel. Many private operators also ply on the highly-travelled Amravati – Pune and Amravati – Indore route. Bus services to cities like Nagpur, Bhopal, Indore, Raipur, Jabalpur, Mumbai, Pune, Akola, Nanded, Aurangabad, Parbhani Solapur, Gondia, Shirdi, Hyderabad, Kolhapur, are also available.

The National Highway 6 (India)(old numbering), which runs from Hazira (Surat) to Kolkata, passes through Amravati.

New concept of Women's Special City bus in Amravati which is First in Vidarbha region.

Railway[edit]

Amravati Modal Railway Station
Amravati Modal Railway Station

Amravati has three railway stations: Amravati, New Amravati and Badnera junction, Amravati station in the heart of the city is a terminus. Railway line could not be extended beyond it. Therefore a new station was constructed outside the city when a new railway line was laid to connect Badnera junction to Narkhed on the Nagpur-Itarasi main railway line.

Amravati railway station is situated on the branch line from Badnera on Nagpur-Bhusawal section of Howrah-Nagpur-Mumbai line of Central Railways. The "New Amravati" railway station building was inaugurated on 10 December 2011. Amravati railway station provides multiple shuttle services to Badnera throughout the day. Along with this, following trains originate from here.

  • 12159 Amravati – Jabalpur Super Fast Express (Daily at 17:45)
  • 12119 Amravati – Ajni (Nagpur) Intercity Express (Monday to Friday at 05:30)
  • 12112 Amravati – Mumbai Superfast Express (Daily at 19:05)
  • 59026 Amravati – Surat Fast Passenger (Monday, Friday, Saturday at 09:00)
  • 09050 Amravati - Udhna Fast Passenger (TUE, WED, SUN at 06.55 HOLIDAY SPECIAL)
  • 51261 Amravati – Wardha Passenger (Daily at 15:30)
  • 51184 Amravati – Bhusaval Passenger (Daily at 13:00)(Narkher via NEW AMRAVATI skipping Amravati)
  • 12766 Amravati – Tirupati Superfast Express (Monday and Thursday at 06:55)
  • 11406 Amravati – Pune Express via Akola, Purna and Latur (Monday and Saturday at 18:30)
  • 51136/51138/51140/51142/51146/51148/51150 Amravati – Badnera Passenger (Daily at 02:15, 03:55, 07:15, 11;45, 18:50, 20:25, 23:40)

Air[edit]

Amravati Airport, located at Belora, 15 kilometres off NH-6 towards Akola, is operated by the Maharashtra Airport Development Company (MADC). Presently it has no commercial scheduled flights. The Nagpur Flying Club has applied to DGCA for permission to shift its flying operations to Amravati airport. [12] It also has a helipad facility. MADC is acquiring about 400 Hectares of land ford developing the airport and related facilities at an estimated cost of Rs. 2.25 billion.[13] Recently Amravati Airport has been handed over to Airport Authority Of India for development

Growth[edit]

The city is rapidly expanding towards Badnera, 10 km to the south, an important railway junction where the branch railway line serving Amravati joins the main MumbaiBhusawalWardhaNagpur railway line.

Amravati is growing as an industrial centre, with cotton mills leading the way. Amravati district is home to Vidarbha Sugar Mills Ltd., Kurha. It is the sole surviving sugar factory in Amravati region. A 2,700 MW Thermal Power Plant is being developed at Nandgaon Peth/Sawardi MIDC. Bharat Dynamics Limited (BDL) plans to make air defence missiles at a proposed site at Nandgaon Peth/Sawardi MIDC.

Warehousing / Godown facility Amravati is main city in vidarbha region and division in maharashtra. Warehousing facility is available provided by Central Warehousing Corporation and for agricultural produce APMC godowns are available which is not sufficient for this huge city. Maharashtra state warehousing Corporation does't have any warehousing center in city.

Work on Amravati Airport will start soon as it has been handed over to Airports Authority of India for the development, AAI will develop the Airport in Amravati city within 2–3 years as they just need to extend the runway and provide night landing facilities and a taxiway. so people of amravati are expecting the airport will be developed in a record time as already it has become a highly delayed project.so wishing early and speedy completion/development of Amravati airport By AAI.

Entertainment, recreation and retail infrastructure[edit]

Shopping centres like Best Price (Walmart-Bharti Venture), Reliance Trends, Big Bazaar (Now Closed), D-Mart, J&D Mall (Veer Vamanrao Joshi market) and ITC Choupal Sagar have cropped up in recent years. This has happened as a result of increase in the standard of living and due to a drastic increase in the city's Gross domestic product (by purchasing power parity).

Lifestyle brands have a retail presence in the city. Additionally other retail brands like Adidas, Reebok, Levi Strauss, John Players, Wrangler, Provogue, K-Lounge, Belmonte, Manyawar, Trigger, Spykar, Raymond, Titan Watches & Eyewear Mufti brand operate stores.

The city has many single screen cinemas. The city has 3 Multiplexes such as E-orbit (Big Bazar) Big Cinemas Reliance (Jaistambh).and Best Cinema (Jaistambh)

Recently, Domino's Pizza started its first outlet in the city. Some standard Outlets like Cafe Coffee Day (Rto Camp) Cafe Coffee Day (Navathe) CafeChocolade (Ambapeth) CafeChocolade(Camp) Chocolate Heaven (Camp)

However, Big Bazaar has shut its operations from the city due to heavy competition from Bharti-Walmart Best Price and D-Mart.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Amravati District Collector Office". Amravati.nic.in. Retrieved 6 December 2011. 
  2. ^ "World's Largest Urban Areas [rank: 1–1000]". Mongabay.com. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  3. ^ "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Amravati". Fallingrain.com. Retrieved 7 September 2010. 
  4. ^ "Microsoft Word – CSP AMRAVATI 29.04.11" (PDF). Retrieved 6 December 2011. 
  5. ^ "Past Presidents of INC". Congress Sandesh website. Retrieved 24 February 2010. 
  6. ^ "Amravati University". Sgbau.ac.in. Archived from the original on 3 September 2010. Retrieved 7 September 2010. 
  7. ^ [1]
  8. ^ "Welcome to G. C. O. E. Amravati | Government College of Engineering Amravati". Gcoea.ac.in. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  9. ^ "College of Engineering, Badnera". www.mitra.ac.in. Retrieved 7 September 2010. 
  10. ^ "About Degree College of Physical Education". Dcpehvpm.org. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  11. ^ "Home Page – H.V.P. Mandal". Hvpm.org. 22 January 2011. Retrieved 27 October 2013. 
  12. ^ "Flying Club shifting ops to Amravati". Times of India. 23 February 2011. Retrieved 2 March 2012. 
  13. ^ "MADC website". 

External links[edit]