Amsterdam (city), New York
|• Mayor||Ann Thane (D)|
|• City council|
|• Total||6.3 sq mi (16.3 km2)|
|• Land||5.9 sq mi (15.4 km2)|
|• Water||0.3 sq mi (0.9 km2)|
|Elevation||361 ft (110 m)|
|• Density||3,176.3/sq mi (1,226.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC−05)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC−04)|
|GNIS feature ID||0942450|
The city of Amsterdam is surrounded on the north, east, and west sides by the town of Amsterdam. The city developed on both sides of the Mohawk River, with the majority located on the north bank. The Port Jackson area on the south side is also part of the city.
The city is within the original, now defunct town of Caughnawaga (a Mohawk word meaning "at the rapids"), formed in northern Montgomery County in 1788.
The first Europeans to settle here were Dutch immigrants about 1710. They called the community Veeders Mills and Veedersburgh after Albert Veeder, an early mill owner, but Anglo-American residents changed the name to Amsterdam in 1803. In 1773, Guy Johnson built Guy Park, a stone Georgian mansion. A Loyalist, he fled to Canada during the Revolution.
It was incorporated as a village on April 20, 1830 from a section of the Town of Amsterdam. New charters in 1854, 1865, and 1875 increased the size of the village. In 1885, Amsterdam became a city, which subsequently increased in size by annexation of the former village of Port Jackson on the south side of the Mohawk River; it became the fifth ward of the city.
The completion of the Erie Canal in 1825 was an economic boom to the city, which became an important manufacturing center. It was known for its carpets. In 1865, the population of Amsterdam was 5,135. By 1920, it was 33,524.
The Amsterdam (46th Separate Company) Armory, Amsterdam City Hall, Gray-Jewett House, Green Hill Cemetery, Greene Mansion, Guy Park, Guy Park Avenue School, Samuel and Johanna Jones Farm, Saint Stanislaus Roman Catholic Church Complex, Samuel Sweet Canal Store, Temple of Israel, United States Post Office, and Vrooman Avenue School are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Chalmers Knitting Mills was added in 2010.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.3 square miles (16.3 km²), of which, 5.9 square miles (15.4 km²) of it is land and 0.3 square miles (0.9 km²) of it is water. The total area is 5.41% water.
The city developed on both sides of the Mohawk River and Erie Canal. The Chuctanunda River flows into the Mohawk from the north at Amsterdam.
New York State Route 30, a north-south highway called Market Street in part, crosses the Mohawk River to link the main part of Amsterdam to the New York State Thruway. NY-30 also intersects east-west highways New York State Route 5 and New York State Route 67 in the city. New York State Route 5S passes along the south side of the Mohawk River.
Amsterdam is currently within New York's 21st congressional district.
As of the census of 2010, there were 18,620 people, 8,324 households, and 4,721 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,176.4 people per square mile (1,226.4/km²). There were 9,218 housing units at an average density of 1,573 per square mile (607/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 80.4% White (68.1% Non Hispanic White), 3.8% Black or African American, 0.6% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0% Pacific Islander and 3.4% from two or more races. 26.2% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race.
There were 8,146 households in the city. The average household size was 2.24. In the city, 25.0% of the people were under the age of 18 and 15.8% were age 65 or older. The median income for a household in the city, based on data from 2007 to 2011, was $38,699.
In the 19th century, the city of Amsterdam was known for carpet, textile, and pearl button manufacturing. It continued to be a center for carpet-making in the 20th century, when the Bigelow-Sanford and Mohawk Mills Carpet companies both were located in Amsterdam, but these companies have relocated to other regions. In the early 1980s, it was also the home of Coleco, makers of the ColecoVision, Cabbage Patch Kids and the Coleco Adam.
The enclosed shopping center is named the Amsterdam Riverfront Center. Once filled with clothing shops, the mall complex has been adapted for offices of doctors and politicians, radio station WCSS, and an off-track betting site.
Places of interest
Houses of worship
Amsterdam's government consists of a city council and a mayor. The mayor is elected in a citywide vote. The council consists of five members each elected from wards.
Mayors of Amsterdam
|Kline, Harlan P.||1886|
|Dwyer, John F.||1889|
|Waldron, Hicks B.||1890|
|Breedon, William A.||1891-92|
|Nisbet, Charles S.||1893|
|Hannon, George R.||1894|
|Fisher, William A.||1895-96|
|Kafman, William H.||1897|
|Westbrook, Zerah S.||1898-99|
|Gardner, William A.||1902-03|
|Clark, Robert N.||1904-05|
|Dealy, Jacob H.||1906-09|
|Dealy, Jacob H.||1912-13|
|Cline, James R.||1914-17|
|Salmon, Carl S.||1924-29|
|Gardner, William A.||1930-31|
|Brumagin, Robert B.||1932-33|
|Lynch, Wilbur H.||1944-45|
|Pabis, Dave R.||1946-47|
|Deal, Burtiss E.||1948-55|
|Martuscello, Frank J.||Rep.||1956-57|
|Gregg, Thomas F.||Dem.||1958-59|
|Martuscello, Frank J.||Rep.||1960-63|
|Breier, Marcus I.||Rep.||1964-67|
|Gomulka, John P.||Dem.||1968-79|
|Duchessi, John M.||Dem.||1996–2003|
|Thane, Ann M.||Dem.||2008-incumbent|
Notable natives or residents of Amsterdam include:
- Gary Aldrich, FBI agent assigned to the White House under Presidents George H. W. Bush and Clinton; author of a book about the Clinton administration
- Bruce Anderson, Medal of Honor recipient, American Civil War soldier
- Benedict Arnold (1780–1849), United States Congressman from New York
- Felix Joseph Aulisi, New York Supreme Court Justice, Appellate Division
- Josh Beekman, former National Football League offensive guard (Chicago Bears)
- Matthias J. Bovee, United States Congressman from New York
- Roger Bowman, professional baseball player
- Lucille Bremer, actress
- Tim Buckley, musician
- Todd Cetnar, played professional basketball in the United Kingdom
- William B. Charles, former US Congressman
- Jessica Collins (Birth name: Jessica Capogna), actress
- Charles Dayan, United States Congressman from New York and former Lieutenant Governor of New York
- Kirk Douglas, actor
- Mary Anne Krupsak, New York State Lieutenant Governor
- H. Edmund Machold, Speaker of the New York State Assembly
- Chris Marcil, television producer, writer, and actor
- Marilyn Hall Patel, federal judge for United States District Court for the Northern District of California, vacated the conviction of Fred Korematsu of the 1944 Supreme Court ruling in Korematsu v. United States
- Rocco Petrone, Apollo program director
- Todd Pettengill, former professional wrestling show host and announcer for World Wrestling Entertainment.
- David Pietrusza, author
- Lemuel Smith, convicted serial killer
- Homer P. Snyder, former US Congressman
- Ray Tomlinson, implemented the first person-to-person network email
- Paul Tonko, Congressional Representative from New York, former New York State Assemblyman
- Alex Torres, Grammy Award-winning performer and bandleader
- Samuel Wallin, former US Congressman
- Harrison Wilson, Jr., is American educator and college basketball coach who served as the second president of Norfolk State University from 1975-1997.
- Ruth Zakarian, Miss New York Teen USA 1983, Miss Teen USA 1983
- Hamilton Child, History of Amsterdam, New York; Syracuse, New York 1869
- "Manor That Has Stood for Centuries Teeters in Storm’s Wake", New York Times, September 2, 2011
- "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2009-03-13.
- "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 1/10/11 through 1/14/11. National Park Service. 2011-01-21.
- "Amsterdam, New York (city)" QuickFacts page from the U.S. Census Bureau's American FacFinder. Accessed: May 21, 2012
- Congregation Sons of Israel
- First Baptist Church of Amsterdam
- William H. Barkley Elementary
- William B. Tecler Arts in Education Magnet School
- Marie Curie Institute of Engineering & Communications
- Raphael J. McNulty Academy for International Studies and Literacy
- Wilbur H. Lynch Literacy Academy
- Amsterdam High School
- Who Was Who in America, Historical Volume, 1607-1896. Chicago: Marquis Who's Who. 1963.
- Alex Torres and the Latin Kings Orchestra
- City of Amsterdam website
- Amsterdam Community website
- Amsterdam Free Library
- Montgomery County Historical Society & Museum
- Amsterdam Business & Community links
- Greater Amsterdam School District
- The Recorder (local newspaper)
- David Pietrusza's Amsterdam
- Our Town: Amsterdam Documentary produced by WMHT (TV)