Amsterdam (town), New York
|— Town —|
|• Type||Town council|
|• Town supervisor||Thomas P. DiMezza (D)|
|• Town council|
|• Total||30.3 sq mi (78.6 km2)|
|• Land||29.7 sq mi (76.9 km2)|
|• Water||0.7 sq mi (1.7 km2)|
|Elevation||666 ft (203 m)|
|• Density||187.4/sq mi (72.4/km2)|
|Time zone||Eastern (EST) (UTC−05)|
|• Summer (DST)||EDT (UTC−04)|
|GNIS feature ID||0978678|
The Erie Canal passes along the southern border of the town.
The region was controlled by the powerful Iroquois Confederation's member tribe, the Mohawk, prior to the entry of Europeans into the area.
The town was first settled around 1715, but most settlement did not take place until Sir William Johnson established his first seat of power in the region at Fort Johnson (earlier known as Mount Johnson), prior to founding the city of Johnstown.
The town was formed in 1793 from part of the previous "Town of Caughnawaga," which had been established in 1788 and named after a local Mohawk community. Caughnawaga was a large town, constituting much of Montgomery County north of the Mohawk River until its subdivision eliminated it. The division of Caughnawaga also create the towns of Broadalbin (in Fulton County), Johnstown, and Mayfield (Fulton County).
The village of Amsterdam was incorporated in 1838 in the south part of the town. As the village grew toward becoming the city of Amsterdam, it took in more territory inside the town. The town of Perth (also in Fulton County) was removed in 1838.
In 1865, the population of Amsterdam was 5,135.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 30.3 sq mi (78 km2), of which, 29.7 sq mi (77 km2) of it is land and 0.6 sq mi (1.6 km2) of it (2.14%) is water.
New York State Route 5 and New York State Route 67 are east-west highways, partly conjoined near the Mohawk River. Both highways intersect north-south New York State Route 30 in the City of Amsterdam.
As of the census of 2000, there were 5,820 people, 2,243 households, and 1,531 families residing in the town. The population density was 196.1 people per square mile (75.7/km²). There were 2,374 housing units at an average density of 80.0 per square mile (30.9/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 97.77% White, 0.69% Black or African-American, 0.10% Native American, 0.24% Asian, 0.36% from other races, and 0.84% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.32% of the population.
There were 2,243 households out of which 27.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.3% were married couples living together, 8.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% were non-families. 27.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.41 and the average family size was 2.91.
In the town the population was spread out with 20.2% under the age of 18, 6.2% from 18 to 24, 24.4% from 25 to 44, 26.3% from 45 to 64, and 22.9% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 44 years. For every 100 females there were 91.0 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.5 males.
The median income for a household in the town was $37,097, and the median income for a family was $46,667. Males had a median income of $34,476 versus $23,533 for females. The per capita income for the town was $19,099. About 5.1% of families and 7.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 4.8% of those under age 18 and 8.6% of those age 65 or over.
Communities and locations 
- Chuctenunda Creek – A tributary of the Mohawk River, flowing through Amsterdam city.
- Church Corners – A hamlet near the west town line on NY-67.
- Cranesville – A hamlet east of Amsterdam city on NY-5 by the Mohawk River. The community is named after early settler David Crane.
- Crescent Park – A hamlet northeast of Amsterdam city.
- Evas Kill – A stream emptying into the Mohawk River, named after Evas van Alstyne, killed by natives in that location.
- Fort Johnson – The Village of Fort Johnson is located west of Amsterdam city on NY-5.
- Hagaman – The Village of Hagaman is northeast of Amsterdam city and was formerly called "Hagamans Mills" and located on the Chuctenunda Creek.
- Harrower – A hamlet northeast of Amsterdam city.
- Harrower Pond – A wide part of the Chuctanunda Creek.
- Manny Corners – A hamlet northeast of Amsterdam city.
- Rockton – A hamlet on the north edge of Amsterdam city.
- Tribes Hill – A hamlet at the west town line on NY-5 and former meeting place of the local natives.
- Wallins Corners – A hamlet north of the City of Amsterdam.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-05-14.
- "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.