Amsterdam Centraal railway station

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Amsterdam Centraal
Amsterdam (6578785683).jpg
Amsterdam Centraal Station
Station statistics
Address Netherlands
Coordinates 52°22′42″N 4°54′0″E / 52.37833°N 4.90000°E / 52.37833; 4.90000Coordinates: 52°22′42″N 4°54′0″E / 52.37833°N 4.90000°E / 52.37833; 4.90000
Line(s) Amsterdam–Rotterdam railway
Amsterdam–Arnhem railway
Amsterdam–Zutphen railway
Nieuwediep–Amsterdam railway
Amsterdam–Schiphol railway
Platforms 11
Other information
Opened 15 October 1889
Architect Pierre Cuypers
Station code Asd
Operator Nederlandse Spoorwegen
Location
Amsterdam Centraal railway station is located in Randstad
Amsterdam Centraal railway station

Amsterdam Centraal (code: Asd) is the central railway station of Amsterdam. It is also one of the main railway hubs of the Netherlands and is used by 250,000 passengers a day, excluding transferring passengers. It is the starting point of Amsterdam Metro lines 51, 53 and 54.

Amsterdam Centraal's building was designed by Pierre Cuypers and A. L. van Gendt. It first opened in 1889 and features a roof span of approximately 40 metres fabricated in cast iron by Andrew Handyside and Company of Derby, England.[1] The station is currently under reconstruction due to the construction of the North/South metro line (metro line 52).

Amsterdam Centraal is twinned with Liverpool Street station in London, in the United Kingdom, the other terminus of the Dutchflyer rail-ferry service.

History[edit]

The building of Amsterdam Centraal cut off Amsterdam from its own waterfront, making it, for all purposes, an inland city. In his History of Amsterdam, Dutch historian Geert Mak writes that:

Almost all of Amsterdam's own experts and others involved in thought this to be a catastrophic plan, 'the most disgusting possible attack on the beauty and glory of the capital'. Nevertheless, the building of the Central Station in front of the open harbour was forced through by the railway department of the Ministry of Transport in The Hague, and the Home Secretary, Thorbecke. Finally, the plan made its way through the Amsterdam municipal council by a narrow majority.[2]

The station was built by the contractor Philipp Holzmann with construction starting in 1882.[3] The work was completed on 15 October 1889.

Railway lines[edit]

Tracks with trainshed

Amsterdam Centraal is at the start of many railway lines:

Train services[edit]

The following services call at Amsterdam Centraal:

  • international:
    • 10 daily Thalys high speed services Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Antwerp - Brussels - Paris
    • 2 daily Thalys high speed services Amsterdam - Rotterdam - Antwerp - Brussels - Lille
    • 5 daily Intercity-Express services Amsterdam - Utrecht - Arnhem - Cologne - Frankfurt
    • 1 daily Intercity-Express service Amsterdam - Utrecht - Arnhem - Cologne - Frankfurt Airport - Basel
    • 7 daily Intercity services Amsterdam - Amersfoort - Hengelo - Osnabrück - Hanover - Berlin
    • 1 daily CityNightLine service Amsterdam - Utrecht - Arnhem - Cologne - Munich
    • 1 daily CityNightLine service Amsterdam - Utrecht - Arnhem - Cologne - Berlin - Prague
    • 1 daily EuroNight service Amsterdam - Utrecht - Arnhem - Cologne - Berlin - Warsaw
    • 1 daily CityNightLine service Amsterdam - Utrecht - Arnhem - Cologne - Basel - Zurich
    • 1 daily CityNightLine service Amsterdam - Utrecht - Arnhem - Cologne - Hamburg - Copenhagen
  • national:
    • 1x per hour night train (nachtnet) service Rotterdam - The Hague - Amsterdam - Utrecht
    • 2x per hour high speed service (Intercity Direct) Amsterdam - Schiphol - Rotterdam - Breda
    • 2x per hour intercity service Lelystad - Almere - Amsterdam - Schiphol - The Hague - Rotterdam - Dordrecht - Roosendaal - Vlissingen
    • 2x per hour intercity service Amsterdam - Haarlem - The Hague
    • 2x per hour intercity service Amsterdam - Haarlem - The Hague - Rotterdam - Dordrecht
    • 2x per hour intercity service Den Helder - Alkmaar - Amsterdam - Utrecht - Arnhem - Nijmegen
    • 2x per hour intercity service (Schagen - ) Alkmaar - Amsterdam - Utrecht - Eindhoven - Maastricht
    • 2x per hour intercity service Enkhuizen - Hoorn - Amsterdam - Hilversum - Amersfoort (- Deventer)
    • 2x per hour intercity service Enkhuizen - Hoorn - Amsterdam (peak hours only)
    • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Amsterdam - Weesp - Almere - Lelystad - Zwolle
    • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Hoofddorp - Schiphol - Amsterdam - Weesp - Hilversum - Amersfoort
    • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Uitgeest - Zaandam - Amsterdam - Breukelen - Woerden - Rotterdam
    • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Uitgeest - Zaandam - Amsterdam (-Breukelen - Utrecht - Rhenen)
    • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Uitgeest - Haarlem - Amsterdam
    • 2x per hour local service (sprinter) Zandvoort - Haarlem - Amsterdam
Preceding station   Nederlandse Spoorwegen   Following station
Terminus Intercity-Express 100
toward Basel SBB
Terminus Intercity-Express 120
Terminus Intercity (DB) 140
Terminus CityNightLine 419
Terminus EuroNight 447
Terminus CityNightLine 457
toward Prague
toward Paris Nord
Thalys Intercity 9300 Terminus
toward Lille Europe
Thalys Terminus
toward Schagen
NS Intercity 800
toward Maastricht
Terminus Intercity Direct 900
toward Breda
NS Nachtnet 1400
Terminus
toward Enkhuizen
NS Intercity 1500
toward Amersfoort
NS Intercity 2100 Terminus
toward Dordrecht
NS Intercity 2200 Terminus
toward Vlissingen
NS Intercity 2600
toward Den Helder
NS Intercity 3000
toward Nijmegen
toward Enkhuizen
NS Intercity 14500 Terminus
toward Uitgeest
NS Sprinter 4000
Terminus NS Sprinter 4600
toward Zwolle
toward Uitgeest
NS Sprinter 4700 Terminus
toward Uitgeest
NS Sprinter 4800 Terminus
toward Zandvoort
NS Sprinter 5400 Terminus
toward Hoofddorp
NS Sprinter 5800
Terminus NS Sprinter 7400
toward Rhenen

Railway station layout[edit]

Amsterdam Centraal station at night
Central Station Birds Eye View.jpg
Amsterdam Centraal station from the side

There are 15 tracks, 11 of which along a platform:

  • 4 island platforms with tracks along the full length on both sides (tracks 4/5, 7/8, 10/11, 13/14)
  • 1 side platform with 1 track along the full length (15)
  • 1 bay platform / side platform with 2 tracks (1/2)

10 of the 11 tracks along a platform have an a-side and a b-side (all except track 1), so there are 21 places where a train can be positioned for getting on and off.

One has a side track along the full length (track 2); on the other side, there is track only at the west end (track 1; bay platform), along the rest of the platform is the station building.

Tracks 3, 6, 9, and 12 have no platform.

Diagram (platforms are yellow, tunnels are grey, north is up):

           
 
15a ========== ========== ========== ========== 15b
14a ========== ========== ========== ========== 14b
 
13a ========== ========== ========== ========== 13b
12a ========== ========== ========== ========== 12b
11a ========== ========== ========== ========== 11b
 
10a ========== ========== ========== ========== 10b
9a ========== ========== ========== ========== 9b
8a ========== ========== ========== ========== 8b
 
7a ========== ========== ========== ========== 7b
6a ========== ========== ========== ========== 6b
5a ========== ========== ========== ========== 5b
 
4a ========== ========== ========== ========== 4b
3a ========== ========== ========== ========== 3b
2a ========== ========== ========== ========== 2b
 
1 ====

Other transport[edit]

Metro services[edit]

Amsterdam Metro network

Amsterdam Centraal Metro station opened in 1980 and is now the terminus of 3 lines, the 51 (Amsterdam Centraal - Amstelveen), 53 (Amsterdam Centraal - Gaasperplas) and 54 (Amsterdam Centraal - Gein).

The metro station is only accessible with an OV-chipkaart or GVB Travel Pass.

Preceding station   Amsterdam Metro   Following station
Terminus Line 51
toward Westwijk
Terminus Line 53
toward Gaasperplas
Terminus Line 54
toward Gein
    From 2017    
Line 52
toward Zuid

Tram services[edit]

The following tram services call at Centraal Station:

Tram Service Operator From To Via Frequency
1 GVB Centraal Station Osdorp De Aker Leidsestraat, Overtoom, Surinameplein, Station Lelylaan, Pieter Calandlaan (Osdorp) 8 to 10x per hour (Monday-Friday), 6x per hour (Weekends)
2 GVB Centraal Station Nieuw Sloten Leidsestraat, Willemsparkweg, Hoofddorpplein, Heemstedestraat Metro, Sloten 8 to 10x per hour (Monday-Friday), 6x per hour (Weekends)
4 GVB Centraal Station Station RAI Rembrandtplein, De Pijp 6x per hour. 4x per hour (Evenings/Sundays)
5 GVB Centraal Station Amstelveen Binnenhof Leidseplein, Museumplein, Bachzaal Theatre, Station Zuid, Amstelveen 8 to 10x per hour (Monday-Friday), 6x per hour (Weekends)
9 GVB Centraal Station Diemen Sniep Rembrandtplein, Waterlooplein, Artis, Amsterdam Oost, Linneausstraat (Near Station Muiderpoort, Middenweg, Diemen West 6 to 8x per hour. 7 to 10x per hour (Saturday). 6 to 8x per hour (Sundays)
13 GVB Centraal Station Geuzenveld Westermarkt, Oud West, Overtooseveld Noord, Jan van Galenstraat Metro, Slotermeer 6 to 8x per hour. 4 to 8x per hour (Sundays)
16 GVB Centraal Station VU Medisch Centrum Rembrandtplein, Vijzelstraat, Fedinand Bolstraat, Museumplein, Haarlemmermeer, Amstelveenseweg Metro 8 to 10x per hour (Monday-Friday), 6 to 8x per hour (Saturday), 4 to 6x per hour (Sundays)
17 GVB Centraal Station Dijkgraafplein (Osdorp) Westermarkt, Marnixstraat Bus Station, Kinkerstraat, Surinameplein, Station Lelylaan, Meer en Vaart, Osdorp Central 6 to 10x per hour (Monday-Friday), 6x per hour (Weekend)
24 GVB Centraal Station VU Medisch Centrum Rembrandtplein, Vijzelstraat, Fedinand Bolstraat, Museumplein, Stadionweg, Amstelveenseweg Metro 8 to 10x per hour (Monday-Friday), 6 to 8x per hour (Saturday), 4 to 6x per hour (Sundays)
26 GVB Centraal Station IJburg Piet Heinkade, Rietlandpark (For Line 10), Zuiderzeeweg (P&R), IJburglaan 6 to 10x per hour. 6x per hour (Saturdays). 4 to 6x per hour (Sundays)

These tram services leave from outside the main entrance of the station on two sides.

Bus services[edit]

City services[edit]

A GVB line 33 bus leaves Amsterdam Centraal
A GVB line 32 bus near Amsterdam Centraal
Bus Service Operator From To Via
18 GVB Centraal Station Slotervaart Westerdok, De Baarsjes, Mercatorplein, Postjesweg Metro, Johan Huizingalaan
21 GVB Centraal Station Geuzenveld Westerdok, Van Hallstraat (For Line 10), Haarlemmerweg, Bos en Lommerplein, De Vlugtlaan Metro, Geuzenveld Noord
22 GVB Muiderpoort Station Spaarndammerbuurt Zeeburg, Centraal Station, Westerdok, Zaansestraat
32 GVB Centraal Station Buikslotermeerplein Waddenweg, Purmerweg, Nieuwendam
33 GVB Centraal Station Nieuwendam Waddenweg, Buikslotermeerplein, Ijdoornlaan
34 GVB Centraal Station Buikslotermeerplein Mosplein, Banne-Buiksloot
35 GVB Centraal Station Molenwijk Mosplein, Klaprozenweg, Tuindorp Oostzaan, Oostzaanerdijk
48 GVB Station Sloterdijk Borneo Eiland Westerdok Riverside, Spaarndammerdijk, Transformatorweg, Java-eiland, KNSM-eiland 4x per hour

City nightbuses[edit]

These services operate daily. Services start around Midnight and run until around 6am. On Mondays to Thursday Nights 1x per hour and Friday, Saturday and Sundays they run 2x per hour. The area around Leidseplein and Rembrandtplein are where people go for a night in Amsterdam.

Bus Service Operator From To
351 GVB Centraal Station Slotervaart
352 GVB Centraal Station Geuzenveld
353 GVB Centraal Station Osdorp
354 GVB Centraal Station Amstelveen
355 GVB Centraal Station Holendrecht
357 GVB Centraal Station Gaasperplas
358 GVB Centraal Station Station Zuid, Sloten and Badhoevendorp
359 GVB Centraal Station IJburg via Muiderpoort Station
361 GVB Centraal Station Nieuwendam
362 GVB Centraal Station Banne Buiksloot
363 GVB Centraal Station Molenwijk

Noord Holland services[edit]

An Arriva bus arriving at the bus station
An EBS bus at the new bus station on the river side of the station

EBS (part of Egged) services depart from a new bus station on the river side of the station (beyond platform 15). This can be reached from the main central walkway via escalators. Connexxion services depart from the Kamperbrug bus stops (front).

  • 110 (EBS) Centraal Station - Buikslotermeerplein - Broek in Waterland - Volendam East - Edam - Edam Bus Station - Purmerend Korenstraat - De Purmer Noord - Station Purmerend - Tramplein
  • 118 (EBS) Centraal Station - Buikslotermeerplein - Broek in Waterland - Volendam West - Edam - Edam Bus Station - Purmerend Korenstraat - De Purmer Noord - Station Purmerend - Tramplein
  • 124 (EBS) Centraal Station - Buikslotermeerplein - Landsmeer - Den Ilp - Purmerland - Purmerend Tramplein
  • 125 (EBS) Centraal Station - Buikslotermeerplein - Boven Ij Hospital - Landsmeer
  • 225 (EBS) Centraal Station - Landsmeer Limited stop service
  • 301 (EBS) Centraal Station - Ilpendam - Purmerend Tramplein - M.L. Kingweg - De Rijp
  • 304 (EBS) Centraal Station - Ilpendam - Purmerend De Purmer Zuid - De Purmer Noord - Korenstraat
  • 306 (EBS) Centraal Station - Ilpendam - Purmerend De Gors - Overwhere - M.L. Kingweg - Middenbeemster
  • 307 (EBS) Centraal Station - Ilpendam - Purmerend De Gors Zuid - De Purmer Noord - Korenstraat
  • 308 (EBS) Centraal Station - Ilpendam - Purmerend Weidevenne - Tramplein
  • 311 (EBS) Centraal Station - Buikslotermeerplein - Broek in Waterland - Monnickendam - Marken
  • 312 (EBS) Centraal Station - Volendam West - Edam - Edam Bus Station Limited stop between Amsterdam and Volendam
  • 314 (EBS) Centraal Station - Broek in Waterland - Edam Bus Station - Oosthuizen - Scharwoude - Hoorn
  • 315 (EBS) Centraal Station - Broek in Waterland - Monnickendam
  • 316 (EBS) Centraal Station - Volendam East - Edam - Edam Bus Station Limited stop between Amsterdam and Volendam
  • 317 (EBS) Centraal Station - Edam Bus Station - Oosthuizen - Scharwoude - Hoorn Peak hours only, limited stop between Amsterdam and Edam.
  • 391 (Connexxion - R-Net) Centraal Station - Amsterdam Noord - Oostzaan Tuindorp - Zaandam Southeast - Town Centre - Station Kogerveld - Het Kalf (Zaandam North) - Zaanse Schans
  • 392 (Connexxion - R-Net) Centraal Station - Amsterdam Noord - Oostzaan - Zaandam Southeast - Town Centre - Station Zaandam
  • 394 (Connexxion - R-Net) Centraal Station - Amsterdam Noord - Oostzaan Tuindorp - Zaandam Southeast - Zaandam East - Town Centre - Station Zaandam

South of Amsterdam services[edit]

These services stop at the Prins Hendrikade Bus Station (South of Stationsplein). The services are operated by Connexxion.

  • 170 Centraal Station - Marnixstraat Bus Station - Amstelveen - Uithoorn
  • 172 Centraal Station - Marnixstraat Bus Station - Amstelveen - Aalsmeer - Kudelstaart
  • 174 Centraal Station - Marnixstraat Bus Station - Amstelveen - Uithoorn - Mijdrecht - Wilnis

Ferry services[edit]

These services start from the quay on the north side of De Ruyter Kade, accessible from the north exit of the station building.

Ferry Service Operator From To Frequency Notes
NDSM-werfveer GVB Centraal Station NDSM-werf 2 to 4x per hour(Monday to Saturday). 2x per hour (Sunday) Late night services Friday (Saturday early morning) and Saturday (Sunday early morning). Services start later Sunday morning.
Buiksloterwegveer GVB Centraal Station Buiksloterweg 24 hours a day, every 6 to 12 minutes (Monday to Sunday)
IJpleinveer GVB Centraal Station IJplein 2 to 4x per hour(Monday to Saturday). 2x per hour (Sunday) Services start later Sunday morning.
IJmuiden Fast Flying Ferry Connexxion Centraal Station IJmuiden Velsen Zuid 2x per hour till 22:00, then 1x per hour(Monday to Friday)
2x per hour till 18:30, then 1x per hour(Saturday and Sunday).
On this route fast hydrofoill boats are used. This service has been discontinued as of 2 January 2014.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Robert Thorne, "Handyside, Andrew (1805–1887)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, Jan 2008 accessed 9 Jan 2008
  2. ^ Mak 1994
  3. ^ Groß, p. 50
  4. ^ http://water.connexxion.nl/diensten/602/na-vijftien-jaar-zijn-draagvleugelboten-verleden-tijd/3223

Sources[edit]

  • Groß, Lothar (2012). Made in Germany: Deutschlands Wirtschaftsgeschichte von der Industralisierung bis heute Band 1: 1800 - 1945. Books on demand. ISBN 978-3-8482-1042-8. 
  • Mak, Geert (1999, Translated from the Dutch by Philipp Blom, Originally Published in 1994). Amsterdam, A Brief Life of the City. The Harvill Press. 

External links[edit]