Amsterdam Centraal railway station

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Amsterdam Centraal
Amsterdam (6578785683).jpg
Amsterdam Centraal Station
Station statistics
Address Stationsplein 15, 1012 AA Amsterdam
Netherlands
Coordinates 52°22′42″N 4°54′0″E / 52.37833°N 4.90000°E / 52.37833; 4.90000Coordinates: 52°22′42″N 4°54′0″E / 52.37833°N 4.90000°E / 52.37833; 4.90000
Line(s) Amsterdam–Rotterdam railway
Amsterdam–Arnhem railway
Amsterdam–Zutphen railway
Nieuwediep–Amsterdam railway
Amsterdam–Schiphol railway
Connections Metro 51, 53, 54; Tram 1, 2, 4, 5, 9, 13, 16, 17, 24, 26; City bus 18, 21, 22, 32, 33, 34, 35, 48; Regional bus 170, 172, 174, 272
Platforms 11
Other information
Opened 15 October 1889
Architect Pierre Cuypers
Station code Asd
Operator Nederlandse Spoorwegen
Location
Amsterdam Centraal railway station is located in Randstad
Amsterdam Centraal railway station

Amsterdam Centraal (code: Asd) is the largest railway station of Amsterdam, Netherlands, and a major national railway hub. Used by 260,000 passengers a day,[1] it is the second-busiest railway station in the country after Utrecht Centraal and the most visited national heritage site of the Netherlands.[2][3]

National and international railway services at Amsterdam Centraal are provided by NS, the principal rail operator in the Netherlands. Amsterdam Centraal is the northern terminus of Amsterdam Metro Routes 51, 53, and 54, operated by municipal public transport operator GVB. It is also served by a number of GVB tram and ferry routes as well as local and regional bus routes operated by GVB, Connexxion and EBS.

Amsterdam Centraal was designed by Dutch architect Pierre Cuypers and first opened in 1889. It features a Gothic/Renaissance Revival station building[4] and a cast iron platform roof spanning approximately 40 metres.

As it is situated in the city centre, Amsterdam Centraal is a major gateway for many of the city's tourist destinations including the Royal Palace, the UNESCO-listed canal belt, the Anne Frank House, and the Red-Light District. It is also within walking distance from the University of Amsterdam's innercity campus.

Since 1997, the station building, underground passages, metro station and the surrounding area have been undergoing major reconstruction and renovation works to accommodate the North-South Line metro route, which is due to open in 2017.

History[edit]

Amsterdam Centraal station, designed by Pierre Cuypers, c. 1890-1900.
First station roof (1889), designed by L.J. Eijmer, as seen from platform 2.
The Royal Pavillion with waiting rooms for members of the royal family, on the east side of the station.

Amsterdam Centraal was designed by Pierre Cuypers, who is also known for his design of the Rijksmuseum in Amsterdam. While Cuypers was the principal architect, it is believed that he focused mostly on the decoration of the station building and left the structural design to railway engineers.[5] The station was built by contractor Philipp Holzmann. The new central station replaced Amsterdam Willemspoort Station, which had closed in 1878, as well as the temporary Westerdok Station used from 1878 to 1889. The idea for a central station came from Johan Rudolph Thorbecke, then the Netherlands Minister of the Interior and responsible for the national railways, who, in 1884, laid two proposals before the Amsterdam municipal council. In the first proposal, the station would be situated between the Leidseplein and the Amstel river. In the other, it would be built in the open harbour front allowing for the station to be connected to the existing main lines in the area to the west and the south, but also to a projected new northern line.[6]

Cuypers' design of the station building in many ways strongly resembled his other architectural masterpiece, the Rijksmuseum, of which the construction had begun in 1876. It features a palace-like, Gothic/Renaissance Revival facade,[7] with two turrets and many ornamental details and stone reliefs referring to the capital city's industrial and commercial importance. Cuypers' station reflects the romantic nationalistic mood in the late nineteenth-century Netherlands, with its many decorative elements glorifying the nation's economic and colonial power at the time.[8][9]

As with the Rijksmuseum, the station's overall architecture reminded many contemporaries of medieval cathedrals.[5] For that reason, as well as for the fact that it became increasingly clear that the national government wanted the station to be built at the city's waterfront effectively separating the city from the IJ lake, the plan was highly controversial. In his book on the history of city, Amsterdam historian Geert Mak writes that:

Almost all of Amsterdam's own experts and others involved thought this to be a catastrophic plan, 'the most disgusting possible attack on the beauty and glory of the capital'. Nevertheless, the building of the Central Station in front of the open harbour was forced through by the railway department of the Ministry of Transport in The Hague, and the Home Secretary, Thorbecke. Finally, the plan made its way through the Amsterdam municipal council by a narrow majority.[10]

Construction works started in 1882.[11] The station is built on three interconnected artificial islands in the IJ lake. These islands were created with sand taken from the dunes near Velsen, which had become available as a result of the excavation of the North Sea Canal. The islands together are known as Stationseiland (Station Island). Like many other structures in Amsterdam, the station was built on wooden piles (8,687 pieces). The construction of the station was delayed because of the instability of the soil, which set back the completion of the work by several years. The station building was completed in 1884, but the commission to Cuypers did not include the roofwork of the platforms. Therefore, the station did not yet feature its distinctive station roof. This roof, consisting of 50 curved trusses and a span of almost 45 meters, was designed by L.J. Eijmer, a civil engineer with the private railroad company Staatsspoorwegen. The roof was manufactured by Andrew Handyside and Company of Derby, England.[12] Cuypers did design the decorations for the trusses and the gable ends. On October 15, 1889, the station was officially opened, drawing large numbers of crowds. The opening of the central station marked the city's transition from a waterfront city to an inland city, spurring further redevelopment activities in the city centre which included the realignment of streets and the filling up of canals. The waterways would soon be replaced by tramways and cars as the primary modes of transport in the city.[13]

In 1920, the East Wing of the station (the lower end of building) was demolished and replaced by "The East", a postal service building designed by Cuypers' son Joseph. A second, narrower and longer but similar roof on the north side of the station was completed in 1922. In the 1950s, a pedestrian tunnel was created between the station and the road in front of it, which terminated inside the station. With the construction of the metro tunnel in the late 1970s, both the pedestrian tunnel and the road in front of the station disappeared. In the early 1980s, the central hall and middle tunnel were considerably widened and modernized. In the 1990s, a new signaling post was built on the western side of the station. In addition, the number of tracks on that side was expanded in order to increase capacity in the direction of Sloterdijk station. In 1996, a third, 'centre roof' designed by Jan Garvelink, architect at Holland Rail Consult, was built between the two existing roofs, whereby all platforms at the station were now covered.

Detail of the station facade, above the main entrance, featuring the Coat of arms of the Netherlands.

Since 1997, the station has been continuously under construction because of the development of the North-South Line of the Amsterdam Metro, which was originally planned to be completed in 2014. Due to several setbacks, some at the Amsterdam Centraal building site, the line is now expected to open fully in 2017. The works at the station include a renovation of the station building, including the reconstruction of original station features which had disappeared over the years, a redevelopment of the Stationsplein (Station Square), and a new bus station on the north side of the station. In 2000, the new western passenger tunnel was opened, which replaced the main tunnel in the centre of the station which was going to be closed for the construction of the new metro line. In 2004, platforms 10-15 were extended to accommodate international high-speed rail services. Work on the bus station started in 2003 and is projected to be finished in 2014. It includes the construction of a fourth station roof and a station hall with space for shops and restaurants. It will replace five small bus stations and stop locations across the Station Island. In 2009, the partially finishing bus station was taken into operation. With all buses eventually moving to the new bus station on the north side, the Station Island will become the exclusive domain of pedestrians, cyclists and trams.

The three passenger tunnels underneath the station will be upgraded and provided with convenience stores and kiosks. In addition, two new passageways will be created which will provide space for larger retail stores, geared towards passengers who have more time to spend at the station.

Railway services[edit]

Amsterdam Centraal is a terminus station on many historical railway lines in the Netherlands: the Amsterdam–Rotterdam railway (1839), also known as the Oude Lijn, via Haarlem, Leiden and Den Haag; the Den Helder–Amsterdam railway (1865), also known as the Staatslijn K, from Den Helder to Amsterdam via Alkmaar and Uitgeest; the Amsterdam-Zutphen railway (1874), also known as the Oosterspoorweg, via Hilversum, Amersfoort and Apeldoorn; the Amsterdam-Elten railway (1856), also known as the Rhijnspoorweg, via Utrecht and Arnhem; and the Amsterdam-Schiphol railway (1986), also known as the Westtak Ringspoorbaan.

As of 2014, Amsterdam Centraal is served by 12 international rail routes and 15 national rail routes.[14]

International rail[edit]

Thalys high-speed train at Amsterdam Centraal.
ICE high-speed train at Amsterdam Centraal.
Train Operator(s) From Via To Freq. Service
Thalys 9300 NS, NMBS, SNCF Amsterdam Centraal Schiphol Airport - Rotterdam - Antwerp - Brussels-South - Lille Paris Nord 10/day High-speed
Thalys 9900 NS, NMBS, SNCF Amsterdam Centraal Schiphol Airport - Rotterdam - Antwerp - Brussels-South Lille 2/day High-speed
Thalys 9920 NS, NMBS, SNCF Amsterdam Centraal Schiphol Airport - Rotterdam - Antwerp - Brussels-South - Albertville Bourg-Saint-Maurice 1/week High-speed, winter only
Thalys 9926 NS, NMBS, SNCF Amsterdam Centraal Schiphol Airport - Rotterdam - Antwerp - Brussels-South - Avignon Marseille 1/week High-speed, summer only
Intercity-Express 100 NS, DB Amsterdam Centraal Utrecht - Arnhem - Cologne - Frankfurt Airport Basel SBB 1/day High-speed
Intercity-Express 120 NS, DB Amsterdam Centraal Utrecht - Arnhem - Cologne Frankfurt (Main) Hbf 5/day High-speed
Intercity (DB) 140 NS, DB Amsterdam Centraal Amersfoort - Hengelo - Osnabrück - Hanover Berlin Hbf 7/day
CityNightLine 140 DB Amsterdam Centraal Utrecht - Arnhem - Cologne Munich 1/day Night train
CityNightLine 457 DB Amsterdam Centraal Utrecht - Arnhem - Cologne - Berlin Hbf Prague 1/day Night train
CityNightLine 40419 DB Amsterdam Centraal Utrecht - Arnhem - Cologne - Basel SBB Zurich 1/day Night train
CityNightLine 40447 DB Amsterdam Centraal Utrecht - Arnhem - Cologne - Hamburg Copenhagen 1/day Night train
EuroNight 447 DB Amsterdam Centraal Utrecht - Arnhem - Cologne - Berlin Hbf Warsaw 1/day Night train

National rail[edit]

Intercity Direct train, formerly called Fyra, at Amsterdam Centraal.
InterCity train at Amsterdam Centraal.
Sprinter train at Amsterdam Centraal.

National rail services at the station are provided by NS, the principal rail operator in the Netherlands. NS offers four types of rail service from Amsterdam Centraal: Intercity Direct operating on the HSL-Zuid high-speed rail line, long-distance InterCity services, local Sprinter services, and the Nachtnet night service.

Train Operator(s) From Via To Freq. Service
Intercity Direct 900 NS Amsterdam Centraal Schiphol Airport - Rotterdam Centraal Breda 2/hour High-speed
InterCity 800 NS Alkmaar Amsterdam Centraal - Utrecht Centraal - 's-Hertogenbosch - Eindhoven Maastricht 2/hour
InterCity 900 NS Lelystad Centrum Amsterdam Centraal - Schiphol Airport - Den Haag HS - Rotterdam Centraal Vlissingen 2/hour
InterCity 1500 NS Enkhuizen Hoorn - Amsterdam Centraal - Hilversum Amersfoort 2/hour
InterCity 2100 NS Amsterdam Centraal Schiphol Airport - Leiden Centraal Den Haag Centraal 2/hour
InterCity 2200 NS Amsterdam Centraal Haarlem - Leiden Centraal - Den Haag HS - Rotterdam Centraal Dordrecht 2/hour
InterCity 3000 NS Den Helder Amsterdam Centraal - Utrecht Centraal - Arnhem Nijmegen 2/hour
InterCity 14500 NS Enkhuizen Hoorn Amsterdam Centraal 2/hour Peak hours only
Sprinter 4000 NS Uitgeest Zaandam - Amsterdam Centraal - Breukelen - Woerden Rotterdam Centraal 2/hour
Sprinter 4600 NS Amsterdam Centraal Weesp - Almere - Lelystad Zwolle 2/hour
Sprinter 4700 NS Uitgeest Zaandam - Amsterdam Centraal - Utrecht Centraal Rhenen 2/hour
Sprinter 4800 NS Uitgeest Zaandam Amsterdam Centraal 2/hour
Sprinter 5400 NS Amsterdam Centraal Zaandam Zandvoort aan Zee 2/hour
Sprinter 5800 NS Hoofddorp Schiphol Airport - Amsterdam Centraal - Hilversum Amersfoort Vathorst 2/hour
Nachtnet 1400 NS Amsterdam Centraal Schiphol Airport - Den Haag HS - Rotterdam Centraal - Utrecht Centraal Amsterdam Centraal 1/hour Night train

Railway station layout[edit]

Amsterdam Centraal station at night
Central Station Birds Eye View.jpg
Amsterdam Centraal station from the side

Amsterdam Centraal has fifteen tracks, eleven of which are alongside a platform: four island platforms with tracks along the full length on both sides (tracks 4/5, 7/8, 10/11, 13/14); one side platform with one track along the full length (track 15); and one bay platform (or side platform) with two tracks (tracks 1/2). All tracks along a platform have an A-side and a B-side, except for track 1. This means that there are 21 places where a train can be positioned for passenger access. One track has a side track along the full length (track 2); on the other side, there is track only at the west end (track 1; bay platform), along the rest of the platform is the station building. Tracks 3, 6, 9, and 12 have no platform.

Diagram (platforms are yellow, tunnels are grey, north is up):

           
 
15a ========== ========== ========== ========== 15b
14a ========== ========== ========== ========== 14b
 
13a ========== ========== ========== ========== 13b
12a ========== ========== ========== ========== 12b
11a ========== ========== ========== ========== 11b
 
10a ========== ========== ========== ========== 10b
9a ========== ========== ========== ========== 9b
8a ========== ========== ========== ========== 8b
 
7a ========== ========== ========== ========== 7b
6a ========== ========== ========== ========== 6b
5a ========== ========== ========== ========== 5b
 
4a ========== ========== ========== ========== 4b
3a ========== ========== ========== ========== 3b
2a ========== ========== ========== ========== 2b
 
1 ====

Other transport[edit]

Metro services[edit]

Metro train at Centraal Station
Amsterdam Metro network

Amsterdam Centraal metro station (called Centraal Station on the Amsterdam Metro system) opened in 1980. It is the terminus station of three routes: Route 51 (Amsterdam Centraal - Amstelveen Westwijk), Route 53 (Amsterdam Centraal - Gaasperplas), and Route 54 (Amsterdam Centraal - Gein). In 2017, the new Route 52 (Noord Station - Zuid Station) is due to open, which will also call at Amsterdam Centraal.

The metro station is only accessible with an OV-chipkaart smart card, the national fare system for public transport in the Netherlands. Disposable cards for one-hour, one-day or multiple-day use are available at ticket machines in the metro station hall.

As of 2014, the following metro services call at Centraal Station:

Metro Route Operator From To Via Frequency
51 GVB Centraal Station Amstelveen Westwijk Weesperplein, Amstelstation, Station RAI, Zuid Station, Amstelveen Centrum 5/hour (Mon-Fri), 4/hour (Sat-Sun)
53 GVB Centraal Station Gaasperplas Weesperplein, Amstelstation, Station Diemen-Zuid 5/hour (Mon-Fri), 4/hour (Sat-Sun)
54 GVB Centraal Station Gein Weesperplein, Amstelstation, Station Duivendrecht, Station Bijlmer ArenA 5/hour (Mon-Fri), 4/hour (Sat-Sun)

Tram services[edit]

Stationsplein, tram stop for routes 1, 2, 5, 13, 17
Station building, seen from Damrak
Three trams at the western tram stop
Trams at the eastern tram stop for lines 4, 9, 16, 24, 26

Tram services at Amsterdam Centraal are provided from two tram stations on Stationsplein (Station Square), situated in front of the station's main entrance. Tram routes 1, 2, 5, 13 and 17 call on the west side (Westzijde, Platform B) of the square, the other routes call on the east side (Oostzijde, Platform A).[15]

Tram Service Operator From To Via Frequency
1 GVB Centraal Station Osdorp De Aker Leidseplein, Overtoom, Surinameplein, Station Lelylaan, Pieter Calandlaan (Osdorp) 8 to 10x per hour (Monday-Friday), 6x per hour (Weekends)
2 GVB Centraal Station Nieuw Sloten Leidseplein, Museumplein, Willemsparkweg, Hoofddorpplein, Heemstedestraat metro station, Sloten 8 to 10x per hour (Monday-Friday), 6x per hour (Weekends)
4 GVB Centraal Station Station RAI Rembrandtplein, De Pijp, Rivierenbuurt 6x per hour. 4x per hour (Evenings/Sundays)
5 GVB Centraal Station Amstelveen Binnenhof Leidseplein, Museumplein, Station Zuid, Amstelveen 8 to 10x per hour (Monday-Friday), 6x per hour (Weekends)
9 GVB Centraal Station Diemen Sniep Rembrandtplein, Waterlooplein, Artis, Amsterdam Oost, Linneausstraat (Near Station Muiderpoort, Middenweg, Diemen West 6 to 8x per hour. 7 to 10x per hour (Saturday). 6 to 8x per hour (Sundays)
13 GVB Centraal Station Geuzenveld Westermarkt, Oud West, Overtooseveld Noord, Jan van Galenstraat metro station, Slotermeer 6 to 8x per hour. 4 to 8x per hour (Sundays)
16 GVB Centraal Station De Boelelaan/VU Rembrandtplein, Vijzelstraat, De Pijp, Museumplein, Haarlemmermeer Station, Amstelveenseweg metro station, VUmc 8 to 10x per hour (Monday-Friday), 6 to 8x per hour (Saturday), 4 to 6x per hour (Sundays)
17 GVB Centraal Station Dijkgraafplein (Osdorp) Westermarkt, Marnixstraat Bus Station, Kinkerstraat, Surinameplein, Station Lelylaan, Meer en Vaart, Osdorp Central 6 to 10x per hour (Monday-Friday), 6x per hour (Weekend)
24 GVB Centraal Station De Boelelaan/VU Rembrandtplein, Vijzelstraat, De Pijp, Museumplein, Stadionweg, Amstelveenseweg metro station, VUmc 8 to 10x per hour (Monday-Friday), 6 to 8x per hour (Saturday), 4 to 6x per hour (Sundays)
26 GVB Centraal Station IJburg Piet Heinkade, Rietlandpark, Zuiderzeeweg (P&R), IJburglaan 6 to 10x per hour. 6x per hour (Saturdays). 4 to 6x per hour (Sundays)

Bus services[edit]

City services[edit]

A GVB route 33 bus leaves Amsterdam Centraal.
A GVB route 32 bus near Amsterdam Centraal.

City bus services depart from platform C on the eastern side of Stationsplein (Station Square) and from Platform F, a bus station south of the square on the Prins Hendrikkade.[15]

Bus Service Operator From To Via
18 GVB Centraal Station Slotervaart Westerdok, De Baarsjes, Mercatorplein, Postjesweg metro station, Johan Huizingalaan
21 GVB Centraal Station Geuzenveld Westerdok, Van Hallstraat, Haarlemmerweg, Bos en Lommerplein, De Vlugtlaan metro station, Geuzenveld Noord
22 GVB Muiderpoort Station Spaarndammerbuurt Zeeburg, Centraal Station, Westerdok, Zaansestraat
32 GVB Centraal Station Buikslotermeerplein Waddenweg, Purmerweg, Nieuwendam
33 GVB Centraal Station Nieuwendam Waddenweg, Buikslotermeerplein, IJdoornlaan
34 GVB Centraal Station Buikslotermeerplein Mosplein, Banne-Buiksloot
35 GVB Centraal Station Molenwijk Mosplein, Klaprozenweg, Tuindorp Oostzaan, Oostzaanerdijk
48 GVB Station Sloterdijk Borneo Eiland Transformatorweg, Spaarndammerdijk, Westerdok, Centraal Station, Java-eiland, KNSM-eiland

City nightbuses[edit]

Night bus services operate daily, starting around midnight and running until around 6am. From Monday to Thursday, night buses run once per hour. On Fridays, Saturdays and Sundays, they run twice per hour. Night buses depart from platform D on the eastern edge of the Stationsplein (Station Square) and call at all main entertainment areas in Amsterdam's city centre, including Leidseplein and Rembrandtplein.

Bus Service Operator From To
351 GVB Centraal Station Slotervaart
352 GVB Centraal Station Geuzenveld
353 GVB Centraal Station Osdorp
354 GVB Centraal Station Amstelveen
355 GVB Centraal Station Holendrecht
357 GVB Centraal Station Gaasperplas
358 GVB Centraal Station Station Zuid, Sloten and Badhoevendorp
359 GVB Centraal Station IJburg via Muiderpoort Station
361 GVB Centraal Station Nieuwendam
362 GVB Centraal Station Banne Buiksloot
363 GVB Centraal Station Molenwijk

Noord Holland services[edit]

Buses at the new bus station on the IJ lake side of the station.
An EBS bus at the new bus station.

EBS (part of Egged) regional bus services depart from a new bus station on the IJ lake side of the station (beyond platform 15). This can be reached from the main central walkway via escalators. Connexxion bus services depart from the Kamperbrug bus stops on the city centre side of the station.

  • 110 (EBS) Centraal Station - Buikslotermeerplein - Broek in Waterland - Volendam East - Edam - Edam Bus Station - Purmerend Korenstraat - De Purmer Noord - Station Purmerend - Tramplein
  • 118 (EBS) Centraal Station - Buikslotermeerplein - Broek in Waterland - Volendam West - Edam - Edam Bus Station - Purmerend Korenstraat - De Purmer Noord - Station Purmerend - Tramplein
  • 124 (EBS) Centraal Station - Buikslotermeerplein - Landsmeer - Den Ilp - Purmerland - Purmerend Tramplein
  • 125 (EBS) Centraal Station - Buikslotermeerplein - Boven IJ Hospital - Landsmeer
  • 225 (EBS) Centraal Station - Landsmeer Limited stop service
  • 301 (EBS) Centraal Station - Ilpendam - Purmerend Tramplein - M.L. Kingweg - De Rijp
  • 304 (EBS) Centraal Station - Ilpendam - Purmerend De Purmer Zuid - De Purmer Noord - Korenstraat
  • 306 (EBS) Centraal Station - Ilpendam - Purmerend De Gors - Overwhere - M.L. Kingweg - Middenbeemster
  • 307 (EBS) Centraal Station - Ilpendam - Purmerend De Gors Zuid - De Purmer Noord - Korenstraat
  • 308 (EBS) Centraal Station - Ilpendam - Purmerend Weidevenne - Tramplein
  • 311 (EBS) Centraal Station - Buikslotermeerplein - Broek in Waterland - Monnickendam - Marken
  • 312 (EBS) Centraal Station - Volendam West - Edam - Edam Bus Station Limited stop between Amsterdam and Volendam
  • 314 (EBS) Centraal Station - Broek in Waterland - Edam Bus Station - Oosthuizen - Scharwoude - Hoorn
  • 315 (EBS) Centraal Station - Broek in Waterland - Monnickendam
  • 316 (EBS) Centraal Station - Volendam East - Edam - Edam Bus Station Limited stop between Amsterdam and Volendam
  • 317 (EBS) Centraal Station - Edam Bus Station - Oosthuizen - Scharwoude - Hoorn Peak hours only, limited stop between Amsterdam and Edam.
  • 391 (Connexxion - R-Net) Centraal Station - Amsterdam Noord - Oostzaan Tuindorp - Zaandam Southeast - Town Centre - Station Kogerveld - Het Kalf (Zaandam North) - Zaanse Schans
  • 392 (Connexxion - R-Net) Centraal Station - Amsterdam Noord - Oostzaan - Zaandam Southeast - Town Centre - Station Zaandam
  • 394 (Connexxion - R-Net) Centraal Station - Amsterdam Noord - Oostzaan Tuindorp - Zaandam Southeast - Zaandam East - Town Centre - Station Zaandam

South of Amsterdam services[edit]

These services stop at the Prins Hendrikkade (Platform F), which is situated south of Stationsplein (Station Square).[15] The services are operated by Connexxion.

  • 170 Centraal Station - Marnixstraat Bus Station - Amstelveen - Uithoorn
  • 172 Centraal Station - Marnixstraat Bus Station - Amstelveen - Aalsmeer - Kudelstaart
  • 174 Centraal Station - Marnixstraat Bus Station - Amstelveen - Uithoorn - Mijdrecht - Wilnis

Ferry services[edit]

IJ lake ferry at Amsterdam Centraal.

Ferry services from Amsterdam Centraal to the borough of Amsterdam North across the IJ lake depart from the quay on the northern side of the station at the De Ruijterkade.

Ferry Service Operator From To Frequency Notes
NDSM-werfveer GVB Centraal Station NDSM-werf 2 to 4x per hour(Monday to Saturday). 2x per hour (Sunday) Late night services Friday (Saturday early morning) and Saturday (Sunday early morning). Services start later Sunday morning.
Buiksloterwegveer GVB Centraal Station Buiksloterweg 24 hours a day, every 6 to 12 minutes (Monday to Sunday)
IJpleinveer GVB Centraal Station IJplein 2 to 4x per hour(Monday to Saturday). 2x per hour (Sunday) Services start later Sunday morning.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Inline citations
  1. ^ "Amsterdam Central Station Island". Amsterdam Centraal Station Island Coordination Bureau. Retrieved 2014-08-02. 
  2. ^ "Stationsplein 9 Amsterdam". Rijksdienst voor het Cultureel Erfgoed. Retrieved 2014-08-04. 
  3. ^ "Amsterdam Central Station Island". Amsterdam Central Station Island Coordinator Bureau. Retrieved 2014-08-04. 
  4. ^ "Revival Styles: Holland". European Architecture. Retrieved 2014-08-03. 
  5. ^ a b "Royal waiting room at Amsterdam Central Station". Netherlands Architecture Institute. Retrieved 2014-08-04. 
  6. ^ "Centraal Station (1882-1889)" (in Dutch). City of Amsterdam. Retrieved 2014-08-04. 
  7. ^ "Revival Styles: Holland". European Architecture. Retrieved 2014-08-03. 
  8. ^ Wintle, Michael. 'Visualising Commerce and Empire: Decorating the Built Environment of Amsterdam', in: de Waard, Marco (ed.). Imagining Global Amsterdam: History, Culture, and Geography in a World City. Amsterdam University Press 2012.
  9. ^ Banerjee, Jacqueline (2013-08-10). "Central Station, Amsterdam, by P. J. H. Cuypers (1827-1921), with Adolf L. van Gendt (1835-1901)". The Victorian Web. Retrieved 2014-08-04. 
  10. ^ Mak, Geert. Amsterdam. A Brief Life of the City. 1999
  11. ^ Groß, p. 50
  12. ^ Robert Thorne, "Handyside, Andrew (1805–1887)", Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, Sept 2004; online edn, Jan 2008 accessed 9 Jan 2008
  13. ^ "Centraal Station (1882-1889)" (in Dutch). City of Amsterdam. Retrieved 2014-08-04. 
  14. ^ "Dienstregeling 2014 (Timetable 2014)" (in Dutch). Nederlandse Spoorwegen. Retrieved 2014-08-03. 
  15. ^ a b c "Centraal Station". GVB. Retrieved 2014-08-03. 
General sources
  • Groß, Lothar (2012). Made in Germany: Deutschlands Wirtschaftsgeschichte von der Industralisierung bis heute Band 1: 1800 - 1945. Books on demand. ISBN 978-3-8482-1042-8. 
  • Mak, Geert (1999, Translated from the Dutch by Philipp Blom, Originally Published in 1994). Amsterdam, A Brief Life of the City. The Harvill Press. 

External links[edit]

Preceding station   Nederlandse Spoorwegen   Following station
Terminus Intercity-Express 100
toward Basel SBB
Terminus Intercity-Express 120
Terminus Intercity (DB) 140
Terminus CityNightLine 419
Terminus EuroNight 447
Terminus CityNightLine 457
toward Prague
toward Paris Nord
Thalys Intercity 9300 Terminus
toward Lille Europe
Thalys Terminus
toward Schagen
NS Intercity 800
toward Maastricht
Terminus Intercity Direct 900
toward Breda
NS Nachtnet 1400
Terminus
toward Enkhuizen
NS Intercity 1500
toward Amersfoort
NS Intercity 2100 Terminus
toward Dordrecht
NS Intercity 2200 Terminus
toward Vlissingen
NS Intercity 2600
toward Den Helder
NS Intercity 3000
toward Nijmegen
toward Enkhuizen
NS Intercity 14500 Terminus
toward Uitgeest
NS Sprinter 4000
Terminus NS Sprinter 4600
toward Zwolle
toward Uitgeest
NS Sprinter 4700 Terminus
toward Uitgeest
NS Sprinter 4800 Terminus
toward Zandvoort
NS Sprinter 5400 Terminus
toward Hoofddorp
NS Sprinter 5800
Terminus NS Sprinter 7400
toward Rhenen
Preceding station   Amsterdam Metro   Following station
Terminus Line 51
toward Westwijk
Terminus Line 53
toward Gaasperplas
Terminus Line 54
toward Gein
  From 2017  
Line 52
toward Zuid