Amsterdam Compiler Kit
|Developer(s)||Andrew Tanenbaum, Ceriel Jacobs|
|Stable release||6.0pre4 / August 8, 2010|
|Operating system||Minix, Unix-like|
The Amsterdam Compiler Kit (ACK) is a fast, lightweight and retargetable compiler suite and toolchain written by Andrew Tanenbaum and Ceriel Jacobs, and is MINIX's native toolchain. The ACK was originally closed-source software (that allowed binaries to be distributed for MINIX as a special case), but in April 2003 it was released under an open source BSD license. It has frontends for programming languages C, Pascal, Modula-2, Occam, and BASIC.
The ACK achieves maximum portability by using an intermediate language using bytecode, called EM. Each language front-end produces EM object files, which are then processed through several generic optimisers before being translated by a back-end into native machine code.
ACK comes with a generic linker and librarian capable of manipulating files in the ACK's own a.out-based format; it will work on files containing EM code as well as native machine code. However, EM code cannot be linked to native machine code without translating the EM binary first.
- 6800 (assembler only)
- 6805 (assembler only)
- 6809 (assembler only)
- S2650 (assembler only)
* Version 6.0
- Tanenbaum, Andrew S; H van Staveren, E.G. Keizer, J.W. Stevenson (1983). "A Practical Tool Kit For Making Portable Compilers". Communications of the ACM 26 (9): 654–660. doi:10.1145/358172.358182.
- A.V Aho, R. Sethi & J.D. Ullman (1986). Compilers - Principles, Techniques and Tools ("The Dragon Book"). Addison-Wesley. p. 511. ISBN 0-201-10088-6.
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