Amsterdam-Zuidoost

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Amsterdam Zuidoost
Borough of Amsterdam
Location of Amsterdam Zuidoost
Country Netherlands
Province North Holland
Municipality Amsterdam
Population 83,743[1]
Website zuidoost.amsterdam.nl

Amsterdam-Zuidoost ('Amsterdam-Southeast') is a borough (stadsdeel) of Amsterdam, Netherlands. It consists of four residential neighborhoods—Bijlmermeer, Venserpolder, Gaasperdam and Driemond—as well as the Amstel III/Bullewijk Business Park and the Amsterdam Arena entertainment and shopping district.

In 2013, Amsterdam-Zuidoost had almost 84,000 inhabitants.[1] Geographically, Amsterdam-Zuidoost is an exclave of Amsterdam—not directly bordering any other borough of the city.

History[edit]

Original highrise and urban renewal low-rise homes in Bijlmermeer
Amsterdamse Poort shopping centre, Bijlmermeer

The largest neighborhood of Amsterdam-Zuidoost is Bijlmermeer, planned in the 1960s as a modern, functional 'town of the future' in accordance with the principles of the Swiss architect Le Corbusier. In total, 18,000 homes would be built, 13,000 of which were in highrise tower blocks. Roads were elevated above the ground, with separate routes for cars, buses, bicyclists and pedestrians.[2] The main architect of Bijlmermeer was Siegfried Nassuth. Construction of the Bijlmermeer began in 1963. The first tower block, named Hoogoord, was completed in 1968. The last of the 13,000 apartments was completed in 1975. In 1977, Amsterdam's first metro line was opened, connecting Zuidoost to the city center and Amsterdam Centraal.

Soon after its completion, however, it turned out that the new neighborhood with its functional, monotone highrise buildings was not as popular as expected. As rents dropped, the area attracted mostly underprivileged residents, including recently arrived migrant groups. It has the largest community of people of Suriname descent in Amsterdam,[1] many of whom came to the Netherlands after Suriname's independence in 1975. The area gained the reputation of a poor neighborhood with high unemployment. With its tall, impersonal and increasingly abandoned towerblocks allowing for little social oversight, the area struggled with soaring crime rates and vandalism.[2]

In 1992 the Bijlmermeer was struck by disaster as an Israeli El Al airplane crashed into the tower blocks named Groeneveen en Kruitberg in the very heart of the neighborhood. The El Al Flight 1862 disaster killed 43 people, including the three Israeli pilots. A memorial has been erected at the crash site.

In the 1990s and 2000s, the borough was subject to large-scale urban renewal projects initiated by the borough and city administrations as well as housing associations who owned many of the tower blocks. The original idea of functional separation between living, working, traffic, and recreation was abandoned. Tower blocks were demolished and replaced by small-scale, low-rise residential areas.[2] In 2007 the eastern part of the Bijlmermeer neighborhood was marked aandachtswijk (disadvantaged neighborhood) by minister for housing Ella Vogelaar, which made national urban renewal funds and programmes available to the area.[3]

Borough government[edit]

Stadsdeelkantoor ('district office') (2006) at Anton de Komplein, Bijlmermeer

Until 2014, the Amsterdam boroughs, called stadsdelen or 'districts', were governed by a directly elected district council (deelraad) as well as a separate district executive board, the members of which were appointed and controlled by the council. Since the 2014 municipal elections, the district councils have been abolished and replaced by smaller, but still directly elected district committees (bestuurscommissies).[4] The district committees are elected every four years, on the same day as the city's central municipal council. Each district committee elects three of its members to form an executive committee (dagelijks bestuur). The district committees' jurisdiction is determined by the central municipal council. Responsibilities delegated to the 2014-2018 district committees include parks and recreation, streets and squares, refuse collection, permits and events, preparation of zoning plans, passports and drivers licenses, and welfare work.[5]

The district committee of Amsterdam Zuidoost[6] consists of 13 seats. The committee was elected on March 19, 2014. Five national political parties and two local parties are represented on the committee. A third local party, winning one seat, could not claim the seat as none of the candidates on the list was willing to accept it.[7] On April 7, 2014, the committee elected its executive committee. The executive committee chair is Muriël Dalgliesh (PvdA), and the other members are Urwin Vyent (GL) and Emile Jaensch (VVD).[8]

District Committee Zuidoost PvdA D66 GL PZO VVD OZO CU (Vacant)
2014 elections[9] 4 2 2 1 1 1 1 1

The borough office (stadsdeelkantoor or 'district office') of Amsterdam Zuidoost is located at Anton de Komplein 150.[10]

Transport[edit]

Amsterdam-Zuidoost is served by bus, metro and NS rail services. Duivendrecht and Amsterdam Bijlmer ArenA stations serve the very north of the borough; Amsterdam Holendrecht railway station serves the Academic Medical Center as well its surrounding area. Amsterdam Metro routes 50, 53 and 54 also serve the borough.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Stadsdelen in cijfers 2013 (Dienst Onderzoek en Statistiek)". Research and Statistics Department, City of Amsterdam. 2013-10-01. Retrieved 2014-08-08. 
  2. ^ a b c Boudewijn Sterk & Selma Zahirovic (2007). "The Bijlmer: a Dutch Approach to Multiculturalism". Humanity in Action. Retrieved 2014-08-10. 
  3. ^ "Krachtige mensen, krachtige buurten, krachtige uitvoering". City of Amsterdam. December 2007. Retrieved 2014-08-09. 
  4. ^ "Amsterdam Local Elections". Iamsterdam.com. Retrieved 2014-08-08. 
  5. ^ "Bestuurlijk stelsel: stadsdelen en bestuurscommissies" (in Dutch). City of Amsterdam. Retrieved 2014-08-08. 
  6. ^ "Samenstelling bestuurscommissie" (in Dutch). Borough of Amsterdam Zuid-Oost. Retrieved 2014-08-10. 
  7. ^ "PVVA laat Zuidoost achter met een lege zetel" (in Dutch). Dichtbij.nl. 2014-03-26. Retrieved 2014-08-10. 
  8. ^ "Portefeuilleverdeling" (in Dutch). Borough of Amsterdam Zuid-Oost. Retrieved 2014-08-10. 
  9. ^ "Verkiezingen 2014 bestuurscommissies: Definitieve uitslag" (in Dutch). Research and Statistics Department, City of Amsterdam. Retrieved 2014-08-22. 
  10. ^ "District of Zuidoost". Iamsterdam.com. Retrieved 2014-08-10. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 52°18′38″N 4°58′24″E / 52.31056°N 4.97333°E / 52.31056; 4.97333