Amt Neuhaus

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Amt Neuhaus
Coat of arms of Amt Neuhaus
Coat of arms
Amt Neuhaus is located in Germany
Amt Neuhaus
Amt Neuhaus
Coordinates: 53°17′07″N 10°55′56″E / 53.28528°N 10.93222°E / 53.28528; 10.93222Coordinates: 53°17′07″N 10°55′56″E / 53.28528°N 10.93222°E / 53.28528; 10.93222
Country Germany
State Lower Saxony
District Lüneburg
Subdivisions 8 districts
Government
 • Mayor Dieter Hublitz (CDU)
Area
 • Total 237.16 km2 (91.57 sq mi)
Elevation 6 m (20 ft)
Population (2012-12-31)[1]
 • Total 4,830
 • Density 20/km2 (53/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 19273
Dialling codes 038841
Vehicle registration LG
Website www.amt-neuhaus.de

Amt Neuhaus is a municipality in the District of Lüneburg, in Lower Saxony, Germany.

History[edit]

In the course of the eastern colonisation the area of today's Amt Neuhaus became a part of the Duchy of Saxony. The area was named as the Land of Darzing, when the co-ruling Saxon dukes Albert II and his nephews Albert III, Eric I and John II partitioned Saxony into Saxe-Lauenburg and Saxe-Wittenberg before 20 September 1296.[2] The Land of Darzing was then a part of Saxe-Lauenburg, colloquially also called Lower Saxony.

A ducal castle, dat Nyehus (the new house) was first mentioned in 1369. The name of the castle became eponymous for Neuhaus upon Elbe, a component of today's Amt Neuhaus. It served the duchess dowager Catherine (*1488 – 29 July 1563*, Neuhaus), widow of Magnus I, as residence until her death. Around 1600 Duke Francis II restored Neuhaus Castle. In 1616 the ducal residential castle in Lauenburg upon Elbe, started in 1180–1182 by Duke Bernard I, burnt down and Duke Francis II then used Neuhaus Castle as his residence.[3] On 23 May 1624 Francis' daughter Sophia Hedwig (Lauenburg upon Elbe, *24 May 1601 - 21 February 1660*, Glücksburg) married Philip, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg in Neuhaus Castle.[4]

On his ascension in 1619 Duke Augustus, son of Francis II, moved Saxe-Lauenburg's capital from Neuhaus upon Elbe towards Ratzeburg, where it remained since.[5] Neuhaus Castle passed into the hands of Augustus' younger brother Francis Charles (*2 May 1594 - 30 November 1660*, Neuhaus) and his wife Agnes of Brandenburg (Berlin, *27 July 1584 - 16 March 1629*, Neuhaus), daughter of Elector John George.

After George William, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg, had captured Saxe-Lauenburg and de facto taken the throne, inhibiting the ascension of the Duchess Anna Maria Franziska of Saxe-Lauenburg in 1689, Neuhaus Castle stood empty. It was torn down in 1698 and the bricks were used to build the hunting lodge in Göhrde. Lüneburg-Celle and Saxe-Lauenburg passed by inheritance to the new Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg (colloquially Electorate of Hanover) in 1705.

After the French victory over the electorate the Neuhaus area became part of the ephemeric Kingdom of Westphalia in early 1810, forming part of its Lower Elbe département. When after the Great French War the bulk of Saxe-Lauenburg was separated from Hanover in 1815, the Neuhaus area, however, remained with Hanover, which had been elevated to Kingdom of Hanover the year before. After the Prussian annexation of Hanover Neuhaus became a part of the new Province of Hanover in 1866. At the introduction of Prussian style district administration in Hanover on 1 April 1885 Neuhaus area became part of the Bleckede district, merged into the District of Lüneburg on 1 October 1932.

Memorial for the houses of Vockfey demolished for the East German border control zone.

With the Allied occupation of Germany the situation changed again. Between the bulk of the Hanover province south of the Elbe, being part of the British zone of occupation in Germany, and the north Elbian Amt Neuhaus, actually also part of the British zone, there was no bridge, so the Britons decided a territorial redeployment and ceded the Neuhaus area to the Soviet Zone of occupation in Germany, state of Mecklenburg. With Mecklenburg the area became part of the East German Democratic Republic in 1949. The East German control zone along the Inner German border, hermetically sealed off since 1952, made the West and the Elbe banks inaccessible for the inhabitants of the Neuhaus area. Families considered to live too close to the border were evacuated, their houses demolished, including part of the village Vockfey.

First ferry crossing the reopened border in the Elbe river on 16 November 1989 with East German border fences and watch towers in the background.

After the downfall of the communist regime in East Germany in 1989 (Die Wende) the first democratic municipal elections took place in May 1990. Today's municipality of Amt Neuhaus then still consisted of eight independent municipalities, to wit Dellien, Haar, Kaarßen, Neuhaus upon Elbe, Stapel, Sückau, Sumte and Tripkau. They became part of the restituted state of Mecklenburg-Vorpommern in August/October 1990. On 31 March 1992 the eight municipalities formed components of the new collective municipality Amt Neuhaus. The eight newly elected municipal councils all decided unanimously for a redeployment into the District of Lüneburg, which belonged since 1946 to the West German state of Lower Saxony.

So both states stipulated in an interstate treaty to disentangle the Amt Neuhaus from Mecklenburg-Vorpommern with effect of 30 June 1993, when it was annexed to Lower Saxony. The treaty also included the historically Mecklenburgian village Niendorf, which belongs to Sumte since 1 January 1974, and the north-Elbian suburbs of the else south-Elbian city of Bleckede, which were also reunited after their secession by the Britons in 1945.

On June 30 the number of component municipalities of Amt Neuhaus shrunk to six, before the remaining ones merged into the unitary municipality of the same name. With the Elbe bridge between Darchau and Neu Darchau a solid street connection between Amt Neuhaus and the rest of Lower Saxony is in the process of planning. In a referendum the inhabitants of Amt Neuhaus voted for a merger with the city of Bleckede on 7 June 2009. Bleckede, however, did not decide yet.[6]

Coat of arms[edit]

The coat-or-arms combines the coats of arms of the Saxon and Saxe-Lauenburgian dukes of the House of Ascania, a barry of ten in sable and or with a crancelin bendwise, the Saxon horse of modern Lower Saxony (also used by the pre-1180 Duchy of Saxony) and an image of the former Neuhaus Castle.

Villages and localities in Amt Neuhaus[edit]

half-timbered Lutheran Church in Tripkau.

The municipality comprises the following seven component localities: Dellien, Haar, Kaarßen, Neuhaus upon Elbe, Stapel, Sumte and Tripkau. They include the following settlements and places: Banke, Bitter, Bohnenburg, Brandstade, Darchau, Dellien, Gosewerder, Gülstorf, Gülze, Gutitz, Haar, Herrenhof, Kaarßen, Klein Banratz, Konau, Krusendorf, Laake, Laave, Neu Garge, Neuhaus, Niendorf, Pinnau, Pommau, Preten, Privelack, Raffatz, Rassau, Rosien, Stapel, Stiepelse, Stixe, Strachau, Sückau, Sumte, Tripkau, Viehle, Vockfey, Wehningen, Wilkenstorf and Zeetze.

Language[edit]

Northern Low Saxon is still widely spoken in Amt Neuhaus.

Partnership[edit]

Sons and daughters of Amt Neuhaus[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Landesbetrieb für Statistik und Kommunikationstechnologie Niedersachsen, Fortgeschriebene Einwohnerzahlen zum 31. Dezember 2012
  2. ^ Cordula Bornefeld, "Die Herzöge von Sachsen-Lauenburg", in: Die Fürsten des Landes: Herzöge und Grafen von Schleswig, Holstein und Lauenburg [De slevigske hertuger; German], Carsten Porskrog Rasmussen (ed.) on behalf of the Gesellschaft für Schleswig-Holsteinische Geschichte, Neumünster: Wachholtz, 2008, pp. 373-389, here p. 375. ISBN 978-3-529-02606-5
  3. ^ Cordula Bornefeld, "Die Herzöge von Sachsen-Lauenburg", in: Die Fürsten des Landes: Herzöge und Grafen von Schleswig, Holstein und Lauenburg [De slevigske hertuger; German], Carsten Porskrog Rasmussen (ed.) on behalf of the Gesellschaft für Schleswig-Holsteinische Geschichte, Neumünster: Wachholtz, 2008, pp. 373-389, here p. 383. ISBN 978-3-529-02606-5
  4. ^ Philip (1584 - 1663) was a son of John II, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg.
  5. ^ Cordula Bornefeld, "Die Herzöge von Sachsen-Lauenburg", in: Die Fürsten des Landes: Herzöge und Grafen von Schleswig, Holstein und Lauenburg [De slevigske hertuger; German], Carsten Porskrog Rasmussen (ed.) on behalf of the Gesellschaft für Schleswig-Holsteinische Geschichte, Neumünster: Wachholtz, 2008, pp. 373-389, here p. 383. ISBN 978-3-529-02606-5
  6. ^ http://www.amt-neuhaus.de/index.htm?baum_id=8953