|Governorate||Al Hasakah Governorate|
|District||Al Qamishli District|
|Elevation||470 m (1,540 ft)|
|Population (2004 census)|
|Time zone||EET (UTC+2)|
|• Summer (DST)||+3 (UTC)|
Amuda or Amouda (Arabic: عامودا 'Āmūdā, Kurdish: Amûdê) is a town in Al Hasakah Governorate in northeastern Syria. According to the Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), Amuda had a population of 26,821 in the 2004 census. It is the administrative center of a nahiyah ("subdistrict") consisting of 103 localities with a combined population of 56,101 in 2004. Amuda has a mostly Kurdish population with also a significant Assyrian presence. As of 20 July 2012, the area came under the control of the Popular Protection Units (commonly known as YPG), according to Syrian intelligence. According to Fawzi Shangal, the leader of the Kurdish Accord Party in Syria, the city fell without any major clashes as the forces of the Syrian government withdrew from the area.
The demographics of this area saw a huge shift in the early part of the 20th century. Kurds cooperated with Ottoman authorities in the massacres against Armenian and Assyrian Christians in Upper Mesopotamia and were in return granted their land as a reward.
Assyrians began to emigrate from the town after the Amuda massacre of 9 August 1937. This massacre, carried out by the Kurd Saeed Agha, emptied the town of its Assyrian population. In 1941, the Assyrian community of al-Malikiyah was subjected to a vicious assault. Even though the assault failed, Assyrians were terrorized and left in large numbers, and the immigration of Kurds from Turkey to the area have resulted in a Kurdish majority in Amuda, al-Malikiyah, and al-Darbasiyah.
As of 2004, Amuda is the fourth largest town in Al-Hasakah governorate.
- (1936) The Bombardment of Amuda (Tusha Amudi). On 13 August 1937, in a revenge attack, about 500 Kurds from the Dakkuri, Milan, and Kikie tribes attacked the then predominantly Christian Amuda. The town was destroyed and the Christian population, about 300 families, fled to the towns of Qamishli and Hassake.
- (1960) Amouda cinema fire. On 13 November 1960 more than 200 children died in a fire at a movie theatre.
- (2004) Uprising of 12 March
- (2013) The Bloody Thursday in Amuda.
The Cultural Influence of Amuda
Amuda is considered the center of Kurdish culture in Syria. Most of nationalist ideas came from its people and it has a large number of educated people and teachers in the area.
- Park of Amuda cinema
- Sharmola hill
- cemetery of Amuda
- The Grand Mosque
- Alarasa Market
- Fatura Souq
- Said Yitzhak, politician.
- Abdulbaset Sieda, politician.
- Abdulhakim Bashar, politician.
- Koma Barkhwadan, Musical Band.
- Koma Lat, Musical Band.
Poets and writers:
- General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Syria Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS). Al-Hasakah Governorate. (Arabic)
- Dilip Hiro (23 July 2004). "The Sarajevo of Iraq: Worsening Kurdish-Arab Friction Threatens the Region". commondreams.org. Retrieved 14 December 2010.
- Hovannisian, Richard G., 2007. [The Armenian Genocide: Cultural and Ethical Legacies http://books.google.ca/books?id=K3monyE4CVQC&pg=PA271&dq=assyrian+genocide+by+kurds+in+syria&hl=en&sa=X&ei=BS1kVLqiGcOsyATv34DoCA&ved=0CCgQ6AEwAg#v=onepage&q=Amuda&f=false]. Accessed on 11 November 2014.
- Jordi Tejel, "Syria's Kurds: History, Politics and Society", footnote 57.
- John Joseph, "Muslim-Christian Relations and Inter-Christian Rivalries in the Middle East", p107.
- "Children Die in Movie House Fire", Daytona Beach Morning Journal, 15 November 1960, p4
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