- This page is about the Russian truck factory. For other meanings, see Amur (disambiguation).
For "Ural Trucks" see Ural Automotive Plant
|Type||Joint Stock Company|
|Key people||Afonasej Yuri Sergeyevich, CEO|
AMUR (Russian АМУР) is an initialism for ЗАО Автомобили и моторы Урала (English: JSC "Ural Automobiles and Motors") - a Russian company, a manufacturer of commercial vehicles, located in Novouralsk a closed town in Sverdlovsk Oblast, Russia. Prior to 2004, AMUR was called Уральский автомоторный завод (УАМЗ) ("Ural Plant Avtomotornaya" (UamZ))).
The Ural Automotor Factory was founded in 1967 as one of the subsidiaries of Zavod imeni Likhachova, more commonly known as ZiL subordinated to the USSR Ministry of Automotive Industry. In 1977, the factory started their own production of vehicles, first of which was a terrain truck ZiL-157. In 1987, the factory expanded its commercial production of trucks to ZIL-130 and ZIL-131, and their common trailers. By 1992, the factory had mastered the production of special equipment vehicles based on its original trucks. In 1992, after the collapse of Soviet Union, the factory was privatized from the Ministry of Automotive Industry and reorganized into the Joint-Stock Company under the name of "Ural Automotor Plants" (RU-"UAMZ"). The management did not survive separation from the central economics of former Soviet Union, and in 2002, the factory declared bankruptcy. In 2003, the Bank of Northern Treasury (holding North Prom Cohen) bought the remaining assets from the bankruptcy, and, in 2004, pursued reorganization into CJSC "Ural Automobiles and Motors", abbreviated as "AMOUR". 
In May 2004, AMOR and India's Tata Motors entered into a contract to build TATA trucks at the factory. Together, they co-produced two models of Tata-407 and Tata-613 branded as Amur-4346. The partners planned on signing a 3-year contract, with the release of up to 5,000 trucks per year. But the project was never realized. In 2007, AMOUR planned on establishing a joint production with China's Geely Automobile, to produce models of Geely CK and the Chinese company Great Wall Motors for the production of SUVs ZXAuto Landmark; production trials began in May 2007.
In early 2008, production of passenger cars was suspended, with plans on resuming production in August 2008. AMOUR planned to release 3,500 SUV models per year, but the project was discontinued.
In July 16, 2010 AMOUR and French manufacturer Renault Trucks entered into a joint venture for the production of light-duty trucks Midlum, under which the production would be placed at AMOUR facilities. In the joint venture, AMOUR was investing facilities and operating capital, and Renault Trucks was investing its manufacturing know-how and technology.
In July 2011, the joint venture was suspended due to AMOUR's financial distress and bankruptcy. Commencing from 2012, AMOUR's management is looking for new investors to recover the company.
- 1977–1994 - ZIL-157
- 1987 to present - ZIL-130 (from 2002 known as the AMOUR-531 350) Amour's 531 350 utilizes the cab of the 531 340
- 1987 to present - ZIL-131 from 2002 known as the Amour-531 340)
- 2004–2008 - AMOUR-4346
- 2007–2008 - AMOUR-531 210
- 2007–2008 - Geely Otaka
- 2006–2008 - Zxauto Landmark
- ZIL twins found in the Amur http://www.kommersant.ru/Doc-rss/532547
- Automobiles and Motors of the Urals have released the first trucks Tata Motors http://www.uraltrans.ru/?path=/info/news/&skip=210
- Joint-Stock Company "Ural Automobiles and Motors' plans to conclude a three-year contract with Tata Motorshttp://mynews-in.net/news/economy/1026337.html
- Avtozavod AMOUR is betting on the Chinese http://www.rb.ru/article/avtozavod-amur-delaet-stavku-na-kitaytsev/4834087.html
- Novouralsk released batch of Chinese cars http://kp.ru/daily/23896.5/253530/
- Novouralsk AMUR plant will resume production of Chinese brand ZXAuto Landmark, suspended in early 2008 http://www.i-mash.ru/news/nov_predpr/2460-amur_vozobnovit_sborku_vnedorozhnikov_kitajjskojj_marki_zx_landmark.html
- ZX Landmark returns http://www.zix-auto.ru/news/news-all/560/565.html
- Renault Trucks will collect Midlum trucks on the Amur http://www.urto-renault.ru/news/107/
- Drowned Motors http://aktualno.ru/view/sverdlovsk/business/6441%D0%90%D0%9C%D0%A3%D0%A0
- AMUR Official site
- History of ZIL at ukcar.com
- History of ZIL at digilander.libero.it
- English website for Russian Military Trucks
- Zil Vehicles Information
- (Russian) History of ZIL at avtomash.ru