Amy Gutmann

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For the novelist, see Amy Gutman.
Amy Gutmann
Amy Gutmann.jpg
8th President of the University of Pennsylvania
Incumbent
Assumed office
2004
Preceded by Judith Rodin
Personal details
Born (1949-11-19) November 19, 1949 (age 64)
Brooklyn, New York
Spouse(s) Michael W. Doyle
Children Abigail
Alma mater Radcliffe College
London School of Economics
Harvard University
Religion Judaism

Amy Gutmann (born November 19, 1949) is the eighth president of the University of Pennsylvania and Christopher H. Browne Distinguished Professor of Political Science in the School of Arts and Sciences and Professor of Communication in the Annenberg School for Communication at Penn, with secondary faculty appointments in philosophy in the School of Arts and Sciences and the Graduate School of Education.[1][2] She is an award-winning political theorist who taught at Princeton University from 1976 to 2004 and served as its provost.

Personal life[edit]

Born in Brooklyn, New York, the daughter of Kurt and Beatrice Gutmann, Amy Gutmann was raised in Monroe, New York. Her father fled Nazi Germany in 1934 as a college student and brought his entire family, including four siblings, to join him—first in Bombay, India, and then in the United States after World War II. She told Adam Bryant of the New York Times [3] in June 2011 that "The biggest influences on me for leading preceded my ever even thinking of myself as a leader — particularly my father’s experience leaving Nazi Germany. Because I would not even exist if it weren’t for his combination of courage and farsightedness. He saw what was coming with Hitler and he took all of his family and left for India. That took a lot of courage. That is always something in the back of my mind." [4] She is married to Michael Doyle, professor of law and international affairs at Columbia University. They have one daughter, Abigail, who is an associate professor of chemistry at Princeton University.[5]

Academic career[edit]

Gutmann graduated as class valedictorian from Monroe-Woodbury High School in Monroe, New York before entering Radcliffe College of Harvard University in 1967 on a scholarship with sophomore standing. She received an A.B. magna cum laude from Radcliffe College in 1971, a M.Sc. in political science from the London School of Economics in 1972, and a Ph.D. in political science from Harvard University in 1976.[6]

Through her writings, Gutmann has consistently sought to bridge theory and policy to advance the core values of a civil democratic society: liberty, opportunity and mutual respect. Her first major contribution to political philosophy was her book Democratic Education (1987; revised 1999). The book addresses the central questions in the political theory of education: How should a democratic society make decisions about education? What should children be taught? How should citizens be educated?

The book also takes on some contemporary scholarly debates: What is the appropriate response of democratic education to the challenge of multiculturalism? Should schools try to cultivate patriotic or cosmopolitan sentiments among students?

Gutmann’s second major contribution to political philosophy is a theory of deliberative democracy that she developed in collaboration with Harvard political scientist Dennis Thompson. Democracy and Disagreement (1996) calls for more reasoned argument in everyday politics. Deliberation can inform decision making through reasoned argument and develop society’s collective capacity to pursue justice while finding mutually acceptable terms of social cooperation—even when disagreements persist.

Democracy and Disagreement has been both praised as an effective remedy for polarized politics and criticized as impractical. A collection of pro and con essays was published in Deliberative Politics, edited by Stephen Macedo.

Gutmann’s third major contribution to political philosophy is her analysis of group identity and its intersection with justice. In Identity in Democracy (2003), Gutmann argues that identity groups as such are neither friends nor enemies of democratic justice. She analyzes the legitimate but also problematic parts played by group identity in democratic politics and draws distinctions among the various types of identity group politics.

In May 2012, Gutmann published her 16th book, The Spirit of Compromise: Why Governing Demands It and Campaigning Undermines It (Princeton University Press), with co-author Dennis Thompson of Harvard University. The authors posit that the difficulty of compromise is built into the democratic process itself, but so is the need for compromise. A better understanding and appreciation of compromise might be especially useful in this time of political polarization.[7] Paul Starr of The New Republic said The Spirit "Provide[s] grist for thinking through the difficulties of compromise in [domestic policy], from tragic choices at desperate moments of history to the routine nastiness in American public life today. . . . Until recently, who would have thought it necessary to offer Americans advice in the ways of compromise? We used to enjoy a reputation for being a practical-minded people, our politicians being regarded as an all-too-flexible species. But something has changed, and according to Gutmann and Thompson, the change has to do with the relation of campaigning and governing. . . . Gutmann and Thompson end their book with recommendations to strengthen the spirit and practice of compromise."[8]

Penn presidency[edit]

In her inaugural address, she launched the Penn Compact,[9] her vision for making Penn both a global leader in teaching, research, and professional practice, and a dynamic agent of social, economic, and civic progress. In 2013 she introduced the Penn Compact 2020, next steps to increase access to Penn's exceptional intellectual resources; integrate knowledge across academic disciplines with a strong emphasis on innovation; and engage locally, nationally, and globally to bring the benefits of Penn's research, teaching, and service to individuals and communities at home and around the world.[10] In 2014, Gutmann announced Penn Compact 2020 initiatives to create up to 50 new endowed professorships utilizing matching donor funds,[11] and to raise an additional $240 million for undergraduate financial aid on top of the $360 million raised for undergraduate aid during the recently completed Making History campaign.[12]

Since arriving at Penn, she has spearheaded a major campus development plan, Penn Connects, that includes 24 acres (97,000 m2) that Penn purchased from the U.S. Postal Service along the Schuylkill River, which opened as Penn Park in September 2011.[13] Penn Connects is designed to boost the economic, educational and social capacity of Philadelphia and to create seamless gateways between West Philadelphia and Center City across the Schuylkill River.

Penn began an expansion east of the Schuylkill River with the purchase of the DuPont Marshall Laboratory in September 2010. Gutmann said that the Marshall Lab property has "infinite possibilities" as a place to nurture start-up businesses and "technology transfer," where faculty with "great discoveries can attract venture capital" and bring ideas to market.[14]

Gutmann has been a leading national advocate for financial aid based on need to promote socioeconomic diversity in higher education. Gutmann made Penn one of the handful of universities in the country that substitute grants for loans for any undergraduate student with financial need. In September 2009, for the first time in Penn’s history, all undergraduates eligible for financial aid received grants rather than loans in their aid packages. Students from typical families with income less than $40,000 paid no tuition, fees, room or board. Students from typical families with incomes less than $90,000 paid no tuition and fees. Ten percent of the students in Penn's incoming class of 2013 are the first in their families to attend college.

On May 8, 2012, Penn announced that Gutmann's contract had been renewed through 2019.[15] In announcing the extension, David L. Cohen, Chair of Penn’s Board, stated that Penn’s “Trustees feel very strongly that Amy Gutmann is simply the best university president in the country. Under her superb leadership, Penn is a stronger and more vibrant institution than at any time in its storied history."[16]

As president, Gutmann oversaw Penn's largest fundraising campaign ever, Making History.[17] Launched in 2007, the Making History Campaign raised a record $4.3 billion, exceeding its goal by more than $800 million. It achieved its $3.5 billion target 16 months ahead of its December 31, 2012 conclusion. It was an unusually broad-based campaign, attracting gifts from nearly 327,000 donors.[18]

In 2013 Gutmann was the highest paid female university president in the United States, making more than two million dollars in total compensation.[19]

Board and leadership positions[edit]

Gutmann serves on the board of directors of The Vanguard Group Corporation. From 2005 to 2009, Gutmann served on the National Security Higher Education Advisory Board, a committee that advises the FBI on national security issues relating to academia.

In November 2009, Barack Obama appointed Gutmann chair of the new Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues, and reappointed her in early 2012. Gutmann is also a member of the Asia Society’s Task Force on U.S. policy toward India and the Global University Leaders Forum (GULF), which convenes at the World Economic Forum in Davos, Switzerland.

Gutmann is also among the leaders of a select group of presidents of research universities throughout the world that advise the United Nations Secretary-General on a range of global issues, including academic freedom, mass migration, international development, and the social responsibilities of universities, called the Global Colloquium of University Presidents.

She currently serves on the board of trustees of the National Constitution Center in Philadelphia, a museum dedicated to the U.S. Constitution.[20]

In February 2011, Gutmann was appointed to the Commission on the Humanities and Social Sciences, established by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.

Selected works (ordered by date)[edit]

  • The Spirit of Compromise: Why Governing Demands It and Campaigning Undermines It with Dennis Thompson, Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J., 2012
  • Why Deliberative Democracy? with Dennis Thompson, Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J., 2004
  • Identity in Democracy, Princeton University Press, Princeton, N.J., 2003 (Trad. esp.: La identidad en Democracia, Buenos Aires/Madrid, Katz editores S.A, 2008, ISBN 978-84-96859-33-3)
  • Goodness and Advice [title essay by Judith Jarvis Thomson], Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 2001 [editor and introduction]
  • Human Rights [title essay by Michael Ignatieff], Princeton University Press, 2001 [editor and introduction]
  • Democratic Disagreement (a collection of essays on Democracy and Disagreement with a response by the authors), edited by Stephen Macedo, Oxford and New York: Oxford University Press, 1999
    • New edition with Preface and Epilogue, 1999
  • The Lives of Animals [title essay by J. M. Coetzee], Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1999 [editor and introduction]
  • Freedom of Association, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1998 [editor and first chapter]
  • Work and Welfare [title essay by Robert Solow], Princeton, N. J.: Princeton University Press, 1998 [editor and introduction]
  • A Matter of Interpretation: Federal Courts and the Law [title essay by Antonin Scalia], Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1997 [editor and introduction]
  • Color Conscious: The Political Morality of Race, with Anthony Appiah, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1996
  • Democracy and Disagreement, with Dennis Thompson, Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, 1996
  • Multiculturalism and The Politics of Recognition [title essay by Charles Taylor], Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1992 [editor and introduction]
    • Expanded paperback edition: Multiculturalism: Examining the Politics of Recognition, 1994
  • Democracy and the Welfare State, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1988 [editor]
  • Democratic Education, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press, 1987
  • Ethics and Politics: Cases and Comments, with Dennis Thompson, Chicago, Ill.: Nelson-Hall, 1984
    • Third edition, 1997
    • Fourth edition 2005
  • Liberal Equality, New York and London: Cambridge University Press, 1980

Awards and honors[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Penn: Office of the President: Dr. Amy Gutmann: Biography
  2. ^ Smallwood, Scott and Birchard, Karen. "Women at the Top." Chronicle of Higher Education, July 20, 2001; 47:45, 7.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ http://gsg.princeton.edu/sites/default/files/2008/02/Feb%20minutes%20approved.doc
  6. ^ Penn: Office of the President: Dr. Amy Gutmann: Curriculum Vitae
  7. ^ [3]
  8. ^ [4]
  9. ^ Penn: The Penn Compact
  10. ^ Zweifler, Seth. "Amy Gutmann Refocuses Penn Compact 2020". The Daily Pennsylvanian. Retrieved March 12, 2014. 
  11. ^ Snyder, Susan (March 5, 2014). "Penn Announces 50 New Professorships". Philadephia Inquirer. Retrieved March 12, 2014. 
  12. ^ Onifade, Fola. "Penn Announces $240 Million Financial Aid Campaign". The Daily Pennsylvanian. Retrieved March 12, 2014. 
  13. ^ Crimmens, Peter (September 14, 2011). "Penn Park Opens Vistas and Green Space to all Philadelphians". Newsworks.org. Retrieved August 9, 2012. 
  14. ^ Loyd, Linda (June 18, 2012). "University of Pennsylvania Expands East of the Schuylkill". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved August 9, 2012. 
  15. ^ DiStefano, Joseph (May 8, 2012). "Penn Boss Gutmann Renews Contract Through 2019". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved August 9, 2012. 
  16. ^ Staff Report, Tribune (May 9, 2012). "UPenn Renews President's Contract". Philadelphia Tribune. Retrieved August 29, 2012. 
  17. ^ http://www.makinghistory.upenn.edu/
  18. ^ Snyder, Susan (March 1, 2013). "University of Pennsylvania fundraising campaign exceeds goal by nearly $1 billion". Philadelphia Inquirer. Retrieved March 5, 2013. 
  19. ^ http://chronicle.com/article/Executive-Compensation-at/143541/#id=table
  20. ^ "National Constitution Center, Board of Trustees". National Constitution Center Web Site. National Constitution Center. 2010-07-26. Archived from the original on 2010-07-26. Retrieved 2010-07-27. 
  21. ^ "Columbia Announces 2012 Honorary Degree Recipients". April 12, 2012. Retrieved August 9, 2012. 

External links[edit]

Academic offices
Preceded by
Judith Rodin
Presidents of the University of Pennsylvania
2004–present
Incumbent