Amyl nitrate

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For the active ingredient in the recreational drugs known as poppers, see amyl nitrite.
Amyl nitrate
Amyl nitrate.svg
IUPAC name
pentyl nitrate
Other names
n-amyl nitrate
1-pentyl nitrate
1002-16-0 YesY
ChemSpider 55191 YesY
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Molar mass 133.15 g·mol−1
Boiling point 104 °C (219 °F; 377 K)
Flash point 47.8 °C (118.0 °F; 320.9 K)
Except where noted otherwise, data is given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C (77 °F), 100 kPa)
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Infobox references

Amyl nitrate is the chemical compound with the formula CH3(CH2)4ONO2. This molecule consists of the 5-carbon amyl group attached to a nitrate functional group.[1] It is the ester of amyl alcohol and nitric acid.


Alkyl nitrates are employed as reagents in organic synthesis.[2] Amyl nitrate is used as an additive in diesel fuel, where it acts as an 'ignition improver' by accelerating the ignition of fuel.[citation needed]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ EPA on Pentyl nitrate
  2. ^ Zajac, W. W. Jr. (2001). "1-Nitropropane". Encyclopedia of Reagents for Organic Synthesis. John Wiley & Sons. doi:10.1002/047084289X.rn051.