Amyntas of Galatia
- Not to be confounded with Amyntas, Tetrarch of the Tectosagii.
Amyntas (Ancient Greek: Ἀμύντας), Tetrarch of the Trocmi was a King of Galatia and of several adjacent countries between 36 BC and 25 BC, mentioned by Strabo as contemporary with himself. He was the son of Brogitarus, king of Galatia, and Adobogiona, daughter of king Deiotarus Philoromaeus.
Amyntas seems to have first possessed Lycaonia, where he maintained more than 300 flocks. To this he added the territory of Derbe by the murder of its prince, Antipater of Derbe, the friend of Cicero, and Isaura and Cappadocia by Roman favour. Originally he had been the king of Cappadocia Deiotarus secretary (γραμματεύς), and was made by Amyntas commander in chief (στρατηγός) of the Galatian auxiliaries sent to help Brutus and Cassius against the Triumvires, but deserted to Mark Anthony just before the battle of Philippi (42 BC).
After the death of Deiotarus, he was made king of Cappadocia in 37 BC as a client ruler of Mark Anthony. Plutarch enumerates him among the adherents of Mark Antony at Actium and is mentioned as deserting to Octavian, just before the battle (31 BC).
While pursuing his schemes of aggrandizement, and endeavoring to reduce the refractory highlanders around him, Amyntas made himself master of Homonada or Hoinona, and slew the prince of that place; but his death was avenged by his widow, and Amyntas fell a victim in 25 BC to an ambush which she laid for him. On his death Galatia became a Roman province.
He was the father of Artemidoros of the Trocmi, a Galatian nobleman, who married a princess of the Tectosagi, the daughter of Amyntas, Tetrarch of the Tectosagii. They were the parents of Gaius Julius Severus, a nobleman from Acmonia in Galatia, who was in turn the father of Gaius Julius Bassus, proconsul of Bithynia in 98, and Gaius Julius Severus, a Tribune of the Legio VI Ferrata.
- Smith, William (editor); Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology, "Amyntas (6)", Boston, (1867)
- Head, Barclay; Historia Numorum, "Galatia", (1911)
- Settipani, Christian, Les Ancêtres de Charlemagne (France: Éditions Christian, 1989).
- Strabo, Geographia, xii
- Cicero, Ad Familiares, xiii. 73
- Plutarch, Parallel Lives, "Mark Anthony", 61, 63
- Pliny, Naturalis Historia, v. 23
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Smith, William, ed. (1870). "Amyntas (6)". Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology.