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In Buddhism, an anāgāmi (Sanskrit and Pāli for "non-returning") is a partially enlightened person who has cut off the first five chains that bind the ordinary mind. Anagami-ship is the third of the four stages of enlightenment.
The Pali terms for the specific chains or fetters (Pali: saṃyojana) of which an anagami is free are:
- Sakkāya-diṭṭhi: Belief in self
- Vicikicchā: Skeptical doubt
- Sīlabbata-parāmāsa: Attachment to rites and rituals
- Kāma-rāga: Sensuous craving
- Byāpāda: Ill will
The fetters from which an anagami is not yet free are:
- Rūpa-rāga: Craving for fine-material existence (the first 4 jhanas)
- Arūpa-rāga: Craving for immaterial existence (the last 4 jhanas)
- Māna: Conceit
- Uddhacca: Restlessness
- Avijjā: Ignorance
Attaining the state of non-returner is portrayed in the early texts as the ideal goal for laity.
- Rhys Davids & Stede (1921-25), pp. 31, 95, entries for "Anāgāmin" (retrieved 26 Sep 2007 at http://dsal.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/philologic/getobject.pl?c.0:1:735.pali) and "Āgāmin" (at http://dsal.uchicago.edu/cgi-bin/philologic/getobject.pl?c.0:1:2587.pali).
- Sarah Shaw, author of Buddhist Meditation: An Anthology of Texts from the Pāli Canon. Routledge, 2006. [www.vesakday.net/vesak50/article/pdf_file/13_Buddhist_%20Meditation_Practices_West.pdf], page 8.
- Rhys Davids, T.W. & William Stede (eds.) (1921-5). The Pali Text Society’s Pali–English Dictionary. Chipstead: Pali Text Society. A general on-line search engine for the PED is available at http://dsal.uchicago.edu/dictionaries/pali/.
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