An-Najm

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  Sura 53 of the Quran  
سورة النجم
Sūrat al-Najm
The Star

Arabic text · English translation


Classification Meccan
Other names (Eng.) The Unfolding
Position Juz' 27
Structure 3 rukus, 62 verses, 360 words, 1433 letters

Surat An-Najm (Arabic: سورة النجم‎) (The Star) is the 53rd sura of the Qur'an with 62 ayat. The surah that opens with the oath of the Divine One swearing by every one of THE STARS, as they descend and disappear beneath the horizon, that Muḥammad is indeed God’s awaited Messenger. It takes its name from Ayat#1, which mentions “the stars” (najm). The surah confirms the divine source of the Prophet’s message and refers to his ascension to heaven during the Night Journey (Ayah#1 ff.). The surah refutes the claims of the disbelievers about the goddesses and the angels (ayah#19 ff.), and lists several truths about God’s power. It closes with a warning of the imminent Day of Judgement.

Content[edit]

The first eighteen verses of this sura are considered to be some of the earliest revelations of the Qur'an. These verses address the legitimacy of Muhammad’s prophetic visions. The sura begins with the divine voice swearing by the collapsing star that “Your companion,” referring to Muhammad, has not gone mad, nor does he speak out of his desire. The passage evokes the process of vision by tracing the movement along the highest horizon and then coming down and drawing near to the distance of “two bows” length. The passage ends with the affirmation of the validity of the vision by stating that the heart of the prophet “did not lie in what it saw.”[1]

The last line of An-Najm: "So prostrate to Allah and worship [Him]."

The surah is distinguished as being the first that required Muslims to prostrate, or perform sajdah, when it is recited, according to Tafsir Ibn Kathir and a number of hadiths. The sura claims that, when it was first narrated by Muhammad in Mecca, all Muslims and non-Muslims who heard the recitation prostrated to God upon its completion due to the effect that the words had upon them. [1]

The sura is also known for referencing the star "shiaara," or Sirius (Ayat 49.)

References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]

External links[edit]

  • Surah An-Najm (Complete text in Arabic with English and French translations)
  • An-Najm at Sacred Texts

Other Information[edit]

Previous sura:
At-Tur
Sura 53 Next sura:
Al-Qamar
Arabic text