An Giang Province
|An Giang Province
Tỉnh An Giang
|Nickname(s): Peaceful River|
|• People's Council Chair||Võ Thanh Khiết|
|• People's Committee Chair||Nguyễn Hoàng Việt|
|• Total||3,406.2 km2 (1,315.1 sq mi)|
|• Density||640/km2 (1,700/sq mi)|
|• Ethnicities||Vietnamese, Khmer, Chăm, Hoa|
|Time zone||ICT (UTC+7)|
|ISO 3166 code||VN-44|
An Giang occupies a position in the upper reaches of the Mekong Delta. The Hậu Giang and Tiền Giang branches of the Mekong River are the dominant geographical features of the province. With the exception of the west, most of An Giang is fairly flat, and is criss-crossed by many canals and small rivers. This terrain has led to An Giang being a significant agricultural centre, producing significant quantities of rice. The Cam Mountains, also known as the Thất Sơn range or the "Seven Mountains", are located in the western Tịnh Biên District. Followers of the Bửu Sơn Kỳ Hương tradition, founded in An Giang in 1849, refer to these mountains as Bửu Sơn, "Precious Mountains".
Politically, An Giang is divided into nine districts:
- Long Xuyên: 11 wards and 2 rural communes
- Tân Châu: 5 wards and 9 rural communes
- Châu Đốc: 4 wards and 3 rural communes
- An Phú: 2 towns and 12 rural communes
- Châu Phú: 1 town and 12 rural communes
- Châu Thành: 1 town and 12 rural communes
- Chợ Mới: 2 towns and 16 rural communes
- Phú Tân: 2 towns and 16 rural communes
- Thoại Sơn: 3 towns and 14 rural communes
- Tịnh Biên: 3 towns and 11 rural communes
- Tri Tôn: 2 towns and 13 rural communes
An Giang includes 156 rural communes, wards and towns.
Vehicle registration plate
- Long Xuyên 67-B1 XXX.XX
- Châu Đốc 67-E1 XXX.XX
- Tân Châu 67-H1 XXX.XX
- Châu Phú 67-C1 XXX.XX
- Châu Thành 67-D1 XXX.XX
- Chợ Mới 67-L1 XXX.XX
- Thoại Sơn 67-M1 XXX.XX
- Tri Tôn 67-N1 XXX.XX
An Giang first became a province in 1832, having been settled by ethnically Vietnamese migrants moving southwards in search of new land. It is believed that An Giang was once an important centre of the vanished Óc Eo culture, presumably owing to its position on the river. Traditionally, An Giang has been known for its silk industry.
An Giang is home to a sizable number of people from Vietnam's ethnic minorities. Due to the province's proximity to Cambodia, the Khmer Krom are the largest non-Vietnamese group. Other groups, such as the Cham and ethnic Chinese (Hoa), are also found in An Giang.
The Ba Chuc massacre of April 1978, in that border province with Cambodia. On the day the Khmer Rouge began its series of border raids, April 15, 1978, Ba Chuc was a quiet little village of about 3,500 people. For two weeks, ending April 30, 1978, the Khmer Rouge tore through Ba Chuc slicing to bits anything that breathed, literally ripping apart young children limb from limb and hacking the adults to pieces with machetes. When the raids ceased the population of Ba Chuc had been reduced to 2.
Famous people from An Giang
- Tôn Đức Thắng, famous Communist, ex-President of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam; later became the first President of the Socialist Republic of Vietnam (Long Xuyên).
- Nguyễn Ngọc Thơ, vice-president of the Republic of Vietnam before April 30, 1975 (Long Xuyên).
- Nguyễn Văn Hưởng, former minister of Vietnamese health (Chợ Mới).
Literature - Arts
- Nguyễn Quang Sáng, writer (Chợ Mới).
- Anh Đức, writer (Châu Thành).
- Nguyễn Chánh Sắt, writer (Tân Châu).
- Vương Trung Hiếu, writer (Thoại Sơn).
- Trịnh Bửu Hoài, writer (Châu Đốc).
- Viễn Phương, poet (Tân Châu).
- Hoàng Hiệp, musician (Chợ Mới).
- Song Ngọc, musician (Long Xuyên).
- Chóe, painter (Chợ Mới).
- Bạch Tuyết, dr. and artist elite (An Phú).
- Tạ Minh Tâm, artist elite (Long Xuyên).
- Đức Tuấn, singer (Long Xuyên).
- Đông Đào, singer (Phú Tân).
- Vo Tong Xuan, professor, dr., artist people, agronomist and former rector of An Giang University (Tri Tôn).
- Trần Hữu Thường, teacher (Tân Châu).
- Lê Minh Tùng, Vice-Chairman of An Giang province and current rector of An Giang University
- Trần Văn Thành, leader of the revolt against the French (1867-1873).
- Thư Ngọc Hầu, general of Nguyễn Dynasty (Chợ Mới).
- Trần Bá Lộc, collaborator with France (Chợ Mới).
- Đoàn Minh Huyên, founder of the Bửu Sơn Kỳ Hương tradition
- "Chronologie du Cambodge de 1960 à 1990". Khmercanada.site.voila.fr. Retrieved 2013-02-06.
- Đại Nam Nhất Thống Chí - Lục Tỉnh Nam Kỳ (Unification Records of Dai Nam - Six Provinces of Cochinchina) Hạ. Nha Văn hóa (Bureau of Culture of South Vietnam). 1959. p. 37.
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