An Hyang

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An Hyang
An Hyang.jpg
Portrait of An Hyang, held by Sosu Seowon, Yeongju, North Gyeongsang
Korean name
Hangul 안향
Revised Romanization An Hyang
McCune–Reischauer An Hyang
Pen name
Hangul 회헌
Revised Romanization Hoeheon
McCune–Reischauer Hoehŏn
Courtesy name
Hangul 사온
Revised Romanization Saon
McCune–Reischauer Saon
Posthumous name
Hangul 문성
Revised Romanization Munseong
McCune–Reischauer Munsŏng
Clan Origin
Hangul 순흥
Revised Romanization Sunheung
McCune–Reischauer Sunhŭng

An Hyang (1243–1306) also known as An Yu was a leading Confucian scholar born in Yeongju in present-day South Korea. He was from the Sunheung An clan. He is considered the founder of Neo-Confucianism in Korea, introducing Song Confucianism to the Goryeo kingdom. An Hyang visited China, transcribing the Chu Tzu Shu and bringing his copy and portraits of Confucius and Zhu Xi to Korea to use in his revitalization of Confucianism. He strove to replace Buddhism with Confucianism.

There is a portrait of him at the Sosu Seowon, which was built as a memorial to the scholar. There is also a statue of him on Banya-san in Nonsan.


  • Grayson, James H. 2002 Korea - A Religious History. RoutledgeCurzon. ISBN 978-0-7007-1605-0.