Ana de Mendoza, Princess of Eboli
|The Princess of Eboli|
Ana de Mendoza, Princess of Éboli
|Spouse(s)||Ruy Gómez de Silva|
Ana de Mendoza y de la Cerda
|Noble family||House of Mendoza|
|Father||Diego Hurtado de Mendoza, 1st Duke of Francavilla|
June 29, 1540|
Cifuentes, Guadalajara, Spain
|Died||February 2, 1592
Pastrana, Guadalajara, Spain
Doña Ana de Mendoza y de la Cerda, Princess of Eboli, Duchess of Pastrana, (in full, Spanish: Doña Ana de Mendoza y de la Cerda ), (29 June 1540 – 2 February 1592) was a Spanish aristocrat, suo jure 2nd Princess of Mélito, 2nd Duchess of Francavilla and 3rd Countess of Aliano. She was considered one of Spain's greatest beauties, despite having lost an eye in a mock duel with a page when she was young.
Ana, also known as Princess of Eboli, Countess of Mélito and Duchess of Pastrana, married Rui Gomes da Silva, 1st Prince of Éboli when she was twelve years old (1552), by recommendation of Prince Philip. Her husband was Prince of Éboli and minister to the King. She was considered one of the more accomplished women of her time, and although she had just one eye, Ana was regarded as one of the most beautiful ladies in Spain.
Ana had ten children by this marriage:
- Diego (c.1558–1563)
- Ana de Silva y Mendoza (1560–1610) married 1572 to Alonso Pérez de Guzmán, 7th Duke of Medina Sidonia
- Rodrigo de Silva y Mendoza (1562–1596), 2nd duke of Pastrana
- Pedro de Silva y Mendoza (c. 1563)
- Diego de Silva y Mendoza (1564–1630), 1st marquis of Alenquer
- Ruy de Silva y Mendoza (1565–), 1st marquis of La Eliseda
- Fernando de Silva y Mendoza, later Pedro González de Mendoza (1570–1639)
- Maria de Mendoza y Maria de Silva (c. 1570)
- Ana de Silva y Mendoza (1573–1614)
After her husband's death in 1573, she spent three years in a convent, but returned to public life in 1576, forming an alliance at Court with the King's undersecretary of state, Antonio Pérez (1540–1615). They were accused of betraying state secrets which led to her arrest in 1579. Ana died 13 years later in prison on 2 February 1592.
Appearances in fiction
There was a character called Princess Eboli based on Ana in Schiller's play Don Carlos, Infant von Spanien, and Verdi's opera Don Carlos. She is also the subject of Kate O'Brien's novel That Lady, and the 1955 film adaptation of O'Brien's novel, That Lady. La Tuerta, a stage play charting the life of Ana de Mendoza was performed at Bedlam Theatre as part of The Edinburgh Fringe Festival in August 2008. Julia Ormond played her in La Conjura de El Escorial (2008) and Belén Rueda in the TV film La Princesa de Éboli (2010).
- Henry Arthur Francis Kamen (1999). Who's Who in Europe 1450–1750. Routledge (UK). ISBN 0-415-14727-1.
- J. H. Elliott (2002). Imperial Spain, 1469–1716. Penguin Books. ISBN 0-14-100703-6.
- Friedrich Schiller (2000). Don Carlos and Mary Stuart. Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-283985-3.
- Kate O'Brien (1949). That Lady: A Romantic Drama. Harper.