Anacleto Díaz

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Anacleto Díaz
A diaz.jpg
Associate Justice
of the Philippine Supreme Court
In office
July 20, 1933 – December 19, 1941
Appointed by Franklin D. Roosevelt
Preceded by Ignacio Villamor
Succeeded by None (reorganized after Japanese organization)
Member of the Philippine Assembly from La Union's Second District
In office
1909–1912
Preceded by Francisco Zandueta
Succeeded by Florencio Baltazar
Personal details
Born (1878-11-20)November 20, 1878
Aringay, La Union
Died February 10, 1945(1945-02-10) (aged 66)
Manila

Anacleto Díaz (November 20, 1878 — February 10, 1945) was a Filipino jurist who served as an Associate Justice of the Supreme Court.

Profile[edit]

Díaz earned his law degree from the Escuela de Derecho de Manila. He was elected as a representative from La Union to the Philippine Assembly in 1910, and served in that capacity until 1912. That year, he was named a provincial fiscal for Ilocos Sur. In 1917, he was appointed city fiscal of Manila. He was later appointed as a trial court judge.[1]

In 1927, while serving as a judge, Díaz was appointed to head a commission tasked with revising the penal code of the Philippines. By 1930, his committee had finished drafting the Revised Penal Code of the Philippines, which remains as the basic penal law in the Philippines.

Díaz was appointed to the Supreme Court by the American President Franklin D. Roosevelt on July 20, 1933. Among his more notable opinions was in People v. Cu Unjieng, 61 Phil. 236 (1935), which was one of the more widely talked-about criminal cases of its day.

Díaz's service in the Court was interrupted by the outbreak of the Second World War. The ensuing Japanese invasion of the Philippines in December 1941 effectively prevented the Supreme Court organized under the Commonwealth government. When the Japanese reestablished the Court in 1942, none of the incumbent members of the old Court were appointed to the new tribunal headed by José Yulo.

Death[edit]

Díaz would be one of 2 Supreme Court Justices who were executed by the Imperial Japanese Army during the Battle of Manila in 1945. On February 10, the then paralyzed Díaz and two of his sons were among 300 men herded by the Japanese army and lined up along the corner of Taft Avenue and Padre Faura in Ermita, Manila. Japanese soldiers then opened machine gun fire, killing Díaz and his sons as well as scores of others.[2] Two days later, Diaz's colleague on the Court, Antonio Villa-Real, would also be murdered by the Japanese forces in nearby Pasay.

Ironically, the vicinity where Díaz was executed would later become part of the Supreme Court compound when the Court relocated to Padre Faura after the war.

References[edit]

  • Sevilla, Victor J. (1985). Justices of the Supreme Court of the Philippines Vol. I. Quezon City, Philippines: New Day Publishers. p. 156. ISBN 971-10-0134-9. 
  • Aluit, Alfonso (1994). By Sword and Fire: The Destruction of Manila in World War II 3 February - 3 March 1945. Philippines: National Commission for Culture and the Arts. pp. 253–255. ISBN 971-8521-10-0. 

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Justices of the Supreme Court, p. 156
  2. ^ By Sword and Fire, p. 253-255
Legal offices
Preceded by
Ignacio Villamor
Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the Philippines
1933–1941
Succeeded by
none (reorganized upon Japanese occupation)