Anacridium aegyptium

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Anacridium aegyptium
Grasshopper November 2008-3.jpg
Anacridium aegyptium, adult
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Hexapoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Orthoptera
Family: Acrididae
Genus: Anacridium
Species: A. aegyptium
Binomial name
Anacridium aegyptium
(Linnaeus, 1758)

Anacridium aegyptium, the 'Egyptian Locust', is a species belonging to the family Acrididae subfamily Cyrtacanthacridinae.

It is present in most of Europe, in the 'Afro-tropical ecozone', in eastern Palearctic ecozone, in the Near East and in North Africa.

It is one of the largest European grasshoppers. The adult males grow up to 30–55 millimetres (1.2–2.2 in) long, while females reach 65–70 millimetres (2.6–2.8 in) of length.

Anacridium aegyptium, nymph showing typical juvenile wings
Anacridium aegyptium, eyes close-up

Their body is usually gray, brown or olive coloured, the antennae are relatively short and robust. Tibiae of the hind legs are blue, while femora are orange. The hind femora have characteristic dark marks. It is easily identifiable also by the characteristic eyes with vertical black and white stripes. The pronotum shows a dorsal orange stripe and several white small spots. The wings are clear with dark marks.

This species is folivore, essentially feeding on leaves. It is a solitary species, not harmful to crops. Adults can mainly be encountered in August and September in warm and dry habitats.

After mating these grasshoppers overwinter as adults. Spawning occurs in spring just under the soil surface and the nymphs appear in April. The nymphs have the appearance of the adults, their color varies from yellow to bright green and ocher and the wings are absent or small, as they are gradually developed after each molting.

Subspecies[edit]

  • Anacridium aegyptium var. rubrispinum Bei-Bienko, 1948 - Anacridium rubrispinum Bei-Bienko, 1948

Synonyms[edit]

  • Acridium aegyptiums (Linnaeus, 1758)
  • Acridium albidiferum (Walker, F., 1870)
  • Acridium indecisum (Walker, F., 1870)
  • Acridium lineola
  • Acridium indecisum (Walker, F., 1870)
  • Flamiruizia stuardoi Liebermann, 1943
  • Gryllus aegyptium Linnaeus, 1764
  • Gryllus lineola Fabricius, 1781
  • Gryllus nubecula Thunberg, 1815
  • Orthacanthacris aegyptia (Linnaeus, 1764)

External links[edit]