Anadenobolus monilicornis

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Anadenobolus monilicornis
Anadenobolus monilicornis 03.JPG
Anadenobolus monilicornis 01.JPG
A. monilicornis in defensive position
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Diplopoda
Order: Spirobolida
Family: Rhinocricidae
Genus: Anadenobolus
Species: A. monilicornis
Binomial name
Anadenobolus monilicornis
(von Porat, 1876)[1]

Anadenobolus monilicornis, known as the yellow-banded millipede or bumble bee millipede, is a species of millipede in the family Rhinocricidae. It is native to the Caribbean but has been introduced to the southeastern United States.

Description[edit]

Individuals are dark brown with distinctive yellow bands, and measure 2.5–10 centimetres (1.0–3.9 in) long. The legs are red.[2]

Ecology and behaviour[edit]

This species inhabits leaf litter. Birds and captive monkeys have been observed crushing these millipedes and rubbing their secretions on their wings or fur, probably to repel insects.[2]

Distribution[edit]

This species is native to the Caribbean: it is found in Brazil, Suriname, Guyana, and on Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago, St. Maarten, Martinique, Guadeloupe, Puerto Rico and Haiti.[3][4]

This species has been introduced to southern Florida, where it can occur in large numbers but is not considered a pest.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Anadenobolus monilicornis (von Porat, 1876)". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved October 16, 2013. 
  2. ^ a b c "Yellow-banded millipede (Anadenobolus monilicornis)". Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Florida. August 2006. 
  3. ^ Pérez-Asso, A. R.; D. E. Pérez-Gelabert (2001). "Checklist of the Millipeds (Diplopoda) of Hispaniola". Bol. SEA 28: 67–80. 
  4. ^ Chamberlin, Ralph V. (1918). "The Chilopoda and Diplopoda of West Indies". Bulletin of the Museum of Comparative Zoology at Harvard College: 151–262. Retrieved 15 October 2013.