|Administrative region:||South Aegean|
|Population statistics (as of 2011)|
|- Area:||40.370 km2 (16 sq mi)|
|- Density:||7 /km2 (17 /sq mi)|
|Time zone:||EET/EEST (UTC+2/3)|
|Elevation (min-max):||0–584 m (0–1916 ft)|
|Postal code:||840 09|
Anafi (Greek: Ανάφη) is a Greek island community in the Cyclades. In 2011, it had a population of 271 inhabitants. Its land area is 40.370 square kilometres (15.587 square miles). It lies east of the island of Thíra (Santorini). Anafi is part of the Thira regional unit.
According to mythology, the island was given the name Anafi because Apollo made it appear to the Argonauts as a shelter from a bad storm, using his bow to shed light upon it (i.e. the island name Ἀνάφη is derived from ἀνέφηνεν, he made appear). Others say that the name is due to the non-existence of snakes on the island: " An Ofis " (without snakes). In spite of its small geographical size, Anafi offers archaeological as well as mythological interest. At the monastery of Panagia Kalamiotisa, there are ruins of a temple built as an offering to the god Apollo Aegletus. Ruins can also be found at Kasteli, and most of the findings, such as the statues, are now located at the "Archaeological Museum" at the Chora, in an extremely small room housing these ancient findings.
Anafi is very much an island for walking. Through the old paths and around the steep hills, you could walk to the other side of the island. The most popular beaches would be Klisidi and Roukounas. A peninsula at the eastern end of the island is dominated by a monolithic peak, Mt. Kalamos, among the largest in the Mediterranean at 420 m (1,378 ft). Perched atop this massif is the Kalamiotissa church, rebuilt in large part after an earthquake in the 1950s. The journey to and from Anafi can only be done by boat, and since they have added more destinations on the way, it takes almost 19 hours from Athens.
- Detailed census results 2011 (Greek)
- Kallikratis law Greece Ministry of Interior (Greek)
- Apollonius Rhodius, Argonautica, 4.1717-18
- Kenna, Margaret, Greek Island Life: Fieldwork on Anafi. Amsterdam: Harwood Academic Publishers. 2001. Pp. 228.
- Official website (English) (French) (Greek) (Italian)