Anaheim Regional Transportation Intermodal Center
|This article relies too much on references to primary sources. (December 2014)|
|Anaheim Regional Transportation Intermodal Center (ARTIC)
Amtrak inter-city rail station
Metrolink commuter rail station
The front of the transportation center.
|Address||2626 East Katella Avenue
Anaheim, CA 92806
|Structure type||at-grade, 3 floors|
|Platforms||2 side platforms|
|Bus operators||OCTA, Megabus, Anaheim Resort Transit|
|Facilities||12,000 square feet (1,100 m2) of retail and dining space|
|Opened||December 6, 2014|
|Owned by||City of Anaheim|
|Operator||Lincoln Property Company|
The Anaheim Regional Transportation Intermodal Center (ARTIC) is an intermodal transit center in Anaheim, California, United States. It serves as a rail station for Amtrak intercity rail and Metrolink commuter rail, as well as a bus terminal utilized by the Orange County Transportation Authority (OCTA), Anaheim Resort Transit (ART), and Megabus. ARTIC is adjacent to California State Route 57, and is directly accessible by bicycle from the Santa Ana River Trail. Built to supersede the adjacent one-story Amtrak depot, the ARTIC terminal, a steel-framed, tubular 67,000-square-foot (6,200 m2) building, opened in 2014.
Platforms and tracks
|Northbound||■Pacific Surfliner||toward San Luis Obispo (Fullerton)|
|■Orange County Line||toward L.A. Union Station (Fullerton)|
|Southbound||■Pacific Surfliner||toward San Diego-Union Station (Santa Ana)|
|■Orange County Line||toward Oceanside (Orange)|
||This section contains content that is written like an advertisement. (December 2014)|
The compound curved terminal shell, covered with a 200,000-square-foot (19,000 m2) ethylene tetrafluoroethylene (ETFE) roof system, is designed to allow diffuse sunlight to illuminate a major portion of the building's interior. At night, the structure can be illuminated in any color with the 1,354 energy-efficient lights glowing through the air-filled plastic pillows which make up the arched roof. The structure’s entrance is a 120-foot-tall glass wall (37 m). The terminal has three levels. On the ground floor around the lobby are ticketing counters, shops and vendor kiosks. A plaza leads to the thirteen bus bays. The second floor has two restaurants and office space. The third level is a mezzanine with a small lobby and the concourse bridge for access to the stairs or elevators that take travelers down to the railroad tracks. Artist Mikyoung Kim was selected to complete the sole piece of public art slated for the complex. A dynamic holographic experience was integrated into the grand staircase of the main lobby. Different conditions of time and phenomena transform the atmospheric images.
The building was certified LEED Platinum. The building uses a combination of radiant floor and jet diffusers to cool or heat only a 12-to-15-foot high area above the floor (3.7 to 4.6 m). The ETFE foil “pillows" maintain a cool temperature in the unconditioned space at the high elevations of the curtain wall when used in conjunction with glass louvers at both ends that open to allow natural air flow when needed. Twenty percent of the building’s power will be generated by solar panels on the parking structures and recycled materials were used in the construction. The complex geometry of the diamond-shaped metal grid that forms the shell is supported by a structural steel frame. This required extensive planning and preparation using a digital representation of the structure known as building information modeling.
Measure M, a sales tax that funds transportation projects, was the main funding source for the construction of ARTIC. The overall $120 million construction of ARTIC along with environmental studies and other aspects of the project put the total price tag closer to $185.2 million. The main terminal was about $68 million of the cost. A conflict between Metrolink and Amtrak over the platform’s height so that it could be used by disabled passengers was one of the biggest issues that had to be resolved during the construction. The redesign of the train platform added extra costs along some further expenses for rail improvements but the project was still within budget because it did not surpass a $6 million contingency fund for unanticipated costs.
Two 35-foot-tall monument signs (11 m) will display static directions and center advertising. An 84-foot-tall digital billboard (26 m) facing the 57 freeway had been proposed to generate about $800,000 annually in advertising revenue to help pay for the transit hub’s operating and maintenance costs. At a November 2014 meeting, the City Council indefinitely postponed the electronic sign even though it would have been one of the primary funding sources for the $3.6 million cost to operate ARTIC for the first seven months of operation. A naming-rights partner has not been obtained, so city officials will continue with those efforts since this was also supposed to be one of the main funding sources for the over $5 million annually the terminal is expected to cost to operate and maintain.
|This section requires expansion with: history prior to the 1980s, including ATSF service. (December 2014)|
A branch of the Southern Pacific Railway was extended to Anaheim in 1875. In 1887, a rail line to San Diego was built through the Town by Santa Fe Railway. By 1921, there were two Southern Pacific depots and one Santa Fe depot. The Pacific Electric Railway was also planning on a line to connect with the community. Eventually these rail services were discontinued until the city of Anaheim provided a station in 1984 for the Amtrak San Diegan on property on the other side of the State Route 57 freeway belonging to the Atchison, Topeka & Santa Fe Railroad. In October 1986 a new station was constructed about 600 feet (180 m) northwest to a site where Anaheim Stadium was just across the parking lot. The San Diegan moniker was retired on June 1, 2000 when the service became known as the Pacific Surfliner.
The Orange County Line began in 1990 as the Orange County Commuter, an Amtrak-operated service between Los Angeles and San Juan Capistrano. In 1994, the line became Metrolink's fifth route known as the Orange County Line with the purchase of the railroad right-of-way, Surf Line, from Santa Fe. The Inland Empire–Orange County Line that runs from San Bernardino through Orange County to Oceanside does not stop here but at nearby Anaheim Canyon station. Both Metrolink lines stop at Orange, the next stop to the south. An average of 500 Metrolink and 400 Amtrak passengers boarded trains daily in the last year of operation of the previous Anaheim station.
The Orange County "Katella Yard" formerly occupied the site with outdated facilities for the County Surveyor, the Agricultural Commissioner, Public Works Transportation, Watershed Protection, and Flood Control Operations and Maintenance. OCTA was the lead agency in acquiring the 13.5-acre (5.5 ha) property from the county. On November 21, 2006, the Orange County Board of Supervisors approved the sale and relocation of their operations to clear the site for the new complex. In July 2012, the city of Anaheim, which already owned 2.2 acres (0.89 ha) of the site, agreed to buy the balance of the property from OCTA for $32.5-million as they could not come to terms over a lease. Anaheim will make payments to OCTA over 14 years at a 2 percent simple-interest rate. California Environmental Quality Act (CEQA) clearance was completed in October 2010 and the National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA) clearance was completed in 2012. The team of PB/HOK completed design development in May 2012. The construction contract was awarded to Clark Construction Group-California, LP. A ground breaking ceremony for the facility took place in September 2012 and train service began on December 6, 2014. A 30-year lease agreement was approved in January 2013 to allow the Orange County Water District to construct an injection water well and appurtenant facilities on the site.
Surrounding area and connections
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The 16-acre (6.5 ha) station is near two freeways: State Route 57, and Interstate 5. Taxi services, airport shuttles to regional airports, charter companies and bus services for tourism, tours, and intercity/international travel provide services at the complex. For example, Megabus began a new bus service between the terminal, San Jose, Oakland, and San Francisco when the rail station opened on December 6.
The Honda Center is across Katella Avenue on the north side of the site and one of the three gates to Angel Stadium can be reached southwesterly through the Douglass Road underpass. Anaheim Resort Transit routes also connect the terminal to both, as well as other points of interest in the Anaheim Resort area, such as the Anaheim Convention Center, Discovery Cube Orange County, Disneyland Resort, Knott's Berry Farm, and Christ Cathedral. The station has bike rentals, bicycle racks, and direct access to the Santa Ana River Trail.
Located at eastern edge of the Platinum Triangle, the complex is the proposed eastern terminus of a future streetcar system which will connect various destinations in the Anaheim Resort and Platinum Triangle areas. The ARTIC site is the proposed location of a California High-Speed Rail station, and the proposed California-Nevada Interstate Maglev names Anaheim as its southern terminus.
- Marroquin, Art (November 22, 2014). "Anaheim's new ARTIC: Icon or eyesore?". Orange County Register.
- "Anaheim Regional Transportation Intermodal Center". Clark Construction Group-California.
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- Khouri, Andrew (January 15, 2015). "Anaheim developments revive city's vision of a new downtown for O.C.". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 15, 2015.
- Scauzillo, Steve (November 16, 2014). "ARTIC: Newest Southern California transit center opens in December". South Bay Daily Breeze.
- Hughes, Paul (November 4, 2014). "Transit Center Signs Tenants". Orange County Business Journal.
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- "ARTIC: Project Atmosphere" Boston. Mikyoung Kim Design Retrieved 8 November 2014
- "Is It Bubble Wrapped?" Project Updates (May 6, 2014) Irvine, California. Fuscoe Engineering
- Rojas, Rick (October 6, 2012). "Anaheim transportation center picks up speed". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved October 8, 2012.
- "Anaheim Regional Transportation Intermodal Center". BuroHappold Engineering.
- Elmahrek, Adam (July 13, 2012). "OCTA and Anaheim Settle ARTIC Dispute With a Land Sale". Voice of OC.
- Marroquin, Art (November 25, 2014). "Anaheim council moves ahead on smaller signage for ARTIC". Orange County Register.
- Elmahrek, Adam (November 24, 2012). "Controversial Billboard on Anaheim Council Agenda". Voice of OC.
- Armor, Samuel; E.B. Merritt (1921). "IV". History of Orange County, California: With Biographical Sketches. Los Angeles: Historic Record Company. p. 55. Retrieved January 20, 2015.
- "Anaheim, CA (ANA)". Amtrak. Great American Stations. Retrieved November 19, 2014.
- Stein, Mark A. and Perlman, Jeffrey A. (June 19, 1992) "Santa Fe, Transit Officials Reach Rail Deal : Commuting: The $500-million agreement for 336 miles of track means expanded O.C. passenger service." Los Angeles Times
- Malloy, Dori (July 29, 2008). Katella Relocation Project (PDF). Orange County Public Works Status Report to the Board of Supervisors (Report).
- "PB-HOK To Design $180-Million California Transportation Hub". Engineering News-Record (New York). June 3, 2009.
- Board of Directors (January 2, 2013). "Minutes of Meeting" Orange County Water District.
- Forgione, Mary (November 19, 2014). "Megabus to begin Anaheim–San Francisco service in December". Los Angeles Times.
- "Anaheim Rapid Connection" ACONNEXT Retrieved November 24, 2014.
- Marroquin, Art (May 6, 2014). "Anaheim to study new route for streetcar project at developer's urging". Orange County Register.
- "Measure M2". Orange County Transportation Authority. 2010. Archived from the original on March 28, 2010. Retrieved March 11, 2010.
- "Route Map". CA High-Speed Rail Authority. Archived from the original on March 27, 2009. Retrieved March 15, 2009.
- Official website
- Amtrak – Stations – Anaheim, CA
- Metrolink – Anaheim
- Anaheim, CA (ANA) (Amtrak's Great American Stations)