A variety of Anaheim chili peppers
An Anaheim pepper is a mild variety of chili pepper. The name "Anaheim" derives from Emilio Ortega, a farmer who brought the seeds to the Anaheim, California, area in the early 1900s. They are also called California chili or Magdalena, and dried as chile seco del norte. Since Anaheim peppers originated from New Mexico, they are also sometimes known as New Mexico peppers. Additionally, in New Mexico they are often referred to simply as "chiles" because they are so ubiquitous. Varieties of the pepper grown in New Mexico tend to be hotter than those grown in California.
New Mexican cultivars were developed in the state by Dr. Fabian Garcia, whose major release was the New Mexico No. 9 in 1913. These cultivars are "hotter" than others in order to suit the tastes of New Mexicans in their traditional foods. The hottest cultivars (e.g. NuMex XXHot) can be as hot as 70,000 Scoville units, indicating large genetic variability. Chiles grown around the town of Hatch are marketed under the name of the town and are often sold fresh-roasted in New Mexico and neighboring states in the early autumn.
This chile is used in many Mexican and New Mexican dishes.
See also 
- "Anaheim Pepper". Truestar Health Encyclopedia. 2007. Archived from the original on 28 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-17.
- "Chile Heat". Chile Pepper Institute at New Mexico State University. 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-22.
- "The Chile Cultivars of New Mexico State University, Released from 1913 to 2008". Chile Pepper Institute at New Mexico State University. 2008.
- "Just How HOT Are My Chiles?".