Anahita Ratebzad

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Anahita Ratebzad
Deputy Chairman of the Presidium of the Revolutionary Council
In office
27 December 1980 – 24 November 1985
President Babrak Karmal
Member of the Politburo of the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan
In office
Personal details
Born October 1931
Guldara, Kabul Province, Afghanistan
Died 7 September 2014(2014-09-07) (aged 82)

Anahita Ratebzad (Octeber 1931 – 7 September 2014) was an Afghan Marxist and former member of the People's Democratic Party of Afghanistan (PDPA) and the Revolutionary Council.[1]

Ratebzad was deputy head of state in the PDPA government from 1980 to 1986.[1] She was the first Afghan woman to play an active role in government and one of the few Afghan women to become a medical doctor.[citation needed] Born in Guldara in Kabul province, Ratebzad attended the Malalai Lycée in Kabul. She received a degree in nursing from the Chicago School of Nursing and an M.D. degree from Kabul University. She became involved in leftist politics and, along with Khadija Ahrari, Masuma Esmati Wardak, and Roqia Abubakr, was one of the first four women elected to parliament in 1965.[citation needed]

A founder of the PDPA, she was active in the Parcham wing of that party. She served as ambassador to Belgrade (1978–1980), minister of social affairs (1978–1979), and minister of education (1979–1980).[citation needed] In 1986 President Najibullah replaced the Parcham government and Ratebzad fled to Moscow with her companion Babrak Karmal. They returned to Kabul in 1989, but were forced to flee to Moscow again in 1992 when the Najibullah government fell. After the fall of the Taliban government in 2001, they did not return to Kabul.

Ratebzad wrote the May 28, 1978 New Kabul Times editorial which declared: "Privileges which women, by right, must have are equal education, job security, health services, and free time to rear a healthy generation for building the future of the country ... Educating and enlightening women is now the subject of close government attention."[2] She died on 7 September 2014.[1]


  1. ^ a b c "زن پیشتاز جنبش چپ افغانستان؛ تصاویری از زندگی آناهیتا راتب‌زاد". 2014-09-17. Retrieved 2014-09-17. 
  2. ^ Prashad, Vijay (2001-09-15). "War Against the Planet". ZMag. Archived from the original on 2008-01-27. Retrieved 2008-03-21. 
  • Arnold, Anthony. Afghanistan's Two-Party Communism: Parcham and Khalq. Stanford, CA: Hoover Institution Press, 1983.