Anaho Island National Wildlife Refuge

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Anaho Island National Wildlife Refuge
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Anaho Island terrain.jpg
Topography of Anaho Island
Map showing the location of Anaho Island National Wildlife Refuge
Map showing the location of Anaho Island National Wildlife Refuge
Map of the United States
Location Washoe County, Nevada, United States
Nearest city Reno, Nevada
Coordinates 39°57′15″N 119°30′30″W / 39.95417°N 119.50833°W / 39.95417; -119.50833Coordinates: 39°57′15″N 119°30′30″W / 39.95417°N 119.50833°W / 39.95417; -119.50833
Area 247 acres (1.00 km2)
Established 1913
Governing body U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
http://www.fws.gov/refuges/profiles/index.cfm?id=84591

The Anaho Island National Wildlife Refuge is a wildlife refuge on Anaho Island in Pyramid Lake, Nevada.[1] The refuge was established by President Woodrow Wilson in 1913 as a sanctuary for colonial nesting birds. It is home to one of the two largest colonies of Pelicans—American White Pelicans—in the western U.S. Other birds found on the island include California Gulls, Caspian Terns, Double-crested Cormorants, Great Blue Herons, Black-crowned Night Herons, and Snowy Egrets.[2]

No boats are allowed within 500 feet of the refuge. Refuge staff and volunteers visit the island to keep track of birds and band juvenile pelicans. An estimated 8-10,000 pelicans used to return to Anaho Island each spring from their winter homes in Southern California and Baja California, Mexico. In recent years the number of pelican nests have dropped dramatically, due to water diversions impacting the fish runs of the endangered cui-ui, a staple food of the pelican.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nevada Atlas & Gazetteer, 2001, pg. 34
  2. ^ [1] Profile of Anaho Island NWR from US Fish and Wildlife Service
  3. ^ The Pahrump Valley Times. April 1, 2005 http://www.pahrumpvalleytimes.com/2005/04/01/sports/migration.html |url= missing title (help). Retrieved 15 January 2011. [dead link]

 This article incorporates public domain material from websites or documents of the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.