Anak the Parthian

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This article is about Anak the Parthian noble, who was the father of Saint Gregory the Illuminator and murdered King Khosrov II of Armenia.

For the figure in the Hebrew Bible said to be the forefather of the Anakites, see Anak.

Anak the Parthian,[1] also known as Anak Pahlavi[2] (flourished 3rd century, died 252[3]) was a Parthian noble that lived during the time of Arsacid Armenia.[4]

Biography[edit]

Anak was an Armenian Parthian nobleman,[5] who was a prince[6] said to be related to the Arsacid Kings of Armenia[7] or was from the House of Suren, one of the seven branches of the ruling Arsacid dynasty[8] of Bactria.[9]

Little is known on the life of Anak. Anak married a Parthian noblewoman called Okohe. Okohe bore Anak sons. Among their children was Gregory.[10]

Ardashir I and his son Shapur I, had incited Anak[11] to murder King Khosrov II of Armenia promising to return his own domain as a reward.[12] Ardashir I was alarmed by the military victories that Khosrov II with his late father, Tiridates II of Armenia had against him,[13] as he wanted to expand the Sassanid Empire which he wanted to annex Armenia.

Anak had won the trust of Khosrov II and had travelled to Vagharshapat.[14] When Anak arrived in Vagharshapat he pretended to take refuge in the Armenian dominions from the persecution of Ardashir I.[15] Anak was hospitably received in Vagharshapat by Khosrov II and then Anak struck Khosrov II in the heart. Khosrov II with his wife, were both killed by Anak. Anak was furiously pursued by the Armenian soldiers. While the Armenian soldiers pursued Anak, he drowned in the Aras River.[16]

Family[edit]

The Armenian soldiers and nobles were outraged by the death of the reigning King and in turn their vengeance wreaked on the family of Anak.[17][18] The only child to have survived from Anak’s family was his infant son Gregory.[19] Gregory was taken to Cappadocia by his former caretakers Sopia and Yevtagh, who had escaped the slaughter of Anak’s family.

Ardashir I took possession of Armenia for himself and became a part of his empire.[20] Troops loyal to Khosrov II, had his son, Tiridates III, taken to Rome for protection[21] where Tiridates III was raised and his daughter Khosrovidkuht was taken to be raised in Caesarea Mazaca, Cappadocia.[22] The foster parents of Khosrovidukht were Awtay a nobleman from the family of the Amatunik and Awtay’s wife a noblewoman whose name is unknown was from the family of the Slkunik.[23]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chahin, The Kingdom of Armenia: A History, p.218
  2. ^ Chahin, The Kingdom of Armenia: A History, p.218
  3. ^ Hovannisian, The Armenian People From Ancient to Modern Times, Volume I: The Dynastic Periods: From Antiquity to the Fourteenth Century, p.218
  4. ^ Terian, Patriotism And Piety In Armenian Christianity: The Early Panegyrics On Saint Gregory, p.50
  5. ^ Agat’angeghos, History of the Armenians, p.xxvii
  6. ^ Kurkjian, A History of Armenia, p.270
  7. ^ Kurkjian, A History of Armenia, p.270
  8. ^ Terian, Patriotism And Piety In Armenian Christianity: The Early Panegyrics On Saint Gregory, p.106
  9. ^ Kurkjian, A History of Armenia, p.97
  10. ^ Hovannisian, The Armenian People From Ancient to Modern Times, Volume I: The Dynastic Periods: From Antiquity to the Fourteenth Century, p.72
  11. ^ Hovannisian, The Armenian People From Ancient to Modern Times, Volume I: The Dynastic Periods: From Antiquity to the Fourteenth Century, p.p.72&218
  12. ^ Hovannisian, The Armenian People From Ancient to Modern Times, Volume I: The Dynastic Periods: From Antiquity to the Fourteenth Century, p.72
  13. ^ Hovannisian, The Armenian People From Ancient to Modern Times, Volume I: The Dynastic Periods: From Antiquity to the Fourteenth Century, p.72
  14. ^ Ghazarian, The Armenian Kingdom in Cilicia During the Crusades: The Integration of Cilician Armenians With the Latins, 1080-1393, p.173
  15. ^ Milman, The history of Christianity, from the birth of Christ to the abolition of paganism in the Roman Empire, p.276
  16. ^ Milman, The history of Christianity, from the birth of Christ to the abolition of paganism in the Roman Empire, p.276
  17. ^ Milman, The history of Christianity, from the birth of Christ to the abolition of paganism in the Roman Empire, p.276
  18. ^ Hovannisian, The Armenian People From Ancient to Modern Times, Volume I: The Dynastic Periods: From Antiquity to the Fourteenth Century, p.72
  19. ^ Hovannisian, The Armenian People From Ancient to Modern Times, Volume I: The Dynastic Periods: From Antiquity to the Fourteenth Century, p.72
  20. ^ Agat’angeghos, History of the Armenians, p.xxvii
  21. ^ Ghazarian, The Armenian Kingdom in Cilicia During the Crusades: The Integration of Cilician Armenians With the Latins, 1080-1393, p.173
  22. ^ Eghiayean, Heroes of Hayastan: a dramatic novel history of Armenia, p.191
  23. ^ Dodgeon, The Roman Eastern Frontier and the Persian Wars AD 226-363, p.270

Sources[edit]

  • H. Hart Milman & J. Murdock, The history of Christianity, from the birth of Christ to the abolition of paganism in the Roman Empire (Google eBook), Harper & brothers, 1841
  • Agat’angeghos, History of the Armenians, SUNY Press, 1976
  • B. Eghiayean, Heroes of Hayastan: a dramatic novel history of Armenia, Armenian National Fund, 1993
  • M.H. Dodgeon & S.N.C Lieu, The Roman Eastern Frontier and the Persian Wars AD 226-363, A documentary History Compiled and edited, Routledge, 1994
  • J.G. Ghazarian. The Armenian Kingdom in Cilicia During the Crusades: The Integration of Cilician Armenians With the Latins, 1080-1393, Routledge, 2000
  • M. Chahin, The Kingdom of Armenia: A History, Routledge, 2001
  • R.G. Hovannisian, The Armenian People From Ancient to Modern Times, Volume I: The Dynastic Periods: From Antiquity to the Fourteenth Century, Palgrave Macmillan, 2004
  • A. Terian, Patriotism And Piety In Armenian Christianity: The Early Panegyrics On Saint Gregory, St Vladimir’s Seminary Press, 2005
  • V.M. Kurkjian, A History of Armenia, Indo-European Publishing, 2008