Anand, Gujarat

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This article is about the municipality in India. For its namesake district, see Anand district.
Anand
city
Anand is located in Gujarat
Anand
Anand
Location in Gujarat, India
Coordinates: 22°33′22″N 72°57′04″E / 22.556°N 72.951°E / 22.556; 72.951Coordinates: 22°33′22″N 72°57′04″E / 22.556°N 72.951°E / 22.556; 72.951
Country  India
State Gujarat
District Anand
Government
 • Type nagar pailka
 • Collector Mr.Sandip Kumar IAS
Area
 • Total 2,939.9 km2 (1,135.1 sq mi)
Elevation 39 m (128 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 633,793
 • Density 711/km2 (1,840/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Gujarati, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 388001
Area code(s) 2692
Vehicle registration GJ 23

Anand (About this sound pronunciation )is the administrative centre of Anand District in the state of Gujarat, India. It is administered by Anand Municipality. It is part of the region known as Charotar, consisting of Anand and Kheda Districts.

Anand is known as the Milk Capital of India. It became famous for Amul dairy and its milk revolution. This city hosts the Head Office of Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation Ltd (AMUL), National Dairy Development Board of India,well known Business school-IRMA and Anand Agricultural University. Also other famous educational hubs of the city are Vallabh Vidhyanagar and Karamsad, an educational suburb of Anand which is home to close to 10,000 students from all over india.

Anand lies between Ahmedabad and Vadodara on the Western Railway, 101 km from state capital Gandhinagar. It is a railway Junction and a Broad Gauge Line from here runs to Godhra, covering Dakor, a major Hindu pilgrimage en route. MEMUs Main Line Multiple Units ply on this route and also one or two regular passenger trains. It also has a branch line to Khambhat. DMUs Diesel Multiple Units ply on the route as it is not electrified yet. Anand Railway Station has 5 platforms.1,2,3,5 are on main line and no. 4 on the branch line to Godhra. A new platform is in construction on the branch to Ahmedabad from the Godhra line forming a triangle. The National express highway from Ahmedabad to Vadodara also passes through Anand.

Anand has seen rapid economic growth along the Anand Vallabh Vidya Nagar and Karamsad road belt. It is well on track to becoming a Municipal Corporation with the inclusion of various peripheral villages like Karamsad, Chikhodra, Lambhvel, V. V Nagar, Bakrol, Mogri and 20 others.

Geography[edit]

Anand is located at 22°34′N 72°56′E / 22.57°N 72.93°E / 22.57; 72.93.[1] It has an average elevation of 39 metres (127 feet). City has an area of 22.7 square kilometres. Urban area of the anand city is 172 square kilometers including 25 villages around the city.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2001 India census,[2] Anand had a population of 300,462. Males constitute 52% of the population and females 48%. Anand has an average literacy rate of 78%, higher than the national average of 59.5% (55% of the males and 45% of females literate). 11% of the population is under 6 years of age. Average literacy rate of Anand in 2011 were 84.37 compared to 74.51 of 2001. If things are looked out at gender wise, male and female literacy were 91.82 and 76.36 respectively. For 2001 census, same figures stood at 86.09 and 61.94 in Anand District. ]],[3]

Economy[edit]

Economy of the Anand is very vibrant which ranges from farming to big scale industries. Major crops includes Tobacco and Banana. Anand is home to the famous AMUL Dairy.[4] Vitthal Udhyog Nagar, very big industrial belt is located on the outskirts of the city. Many famous industries including ELECON,Vulcan Industrial, Warm Steam, Charotar Iron Company, Milcent and Atlanta Electrics are situated in this industrial belt.

Educational Institutions[edit]

Anand has very old and famous educational institutions including Charotar Education Society, which runs many schools and collages, Ramkrishna Seva Mandal which runs Anand High School and other school and collages, Pioneer High School etc.

Renowned business school in in India, Institute of Rural Management, Anand (IRMA) (founded 1979)is also located in Anand. IRMA is an autonomous institution with the mandate of contributing to the professional management of rural organisations. IRMA was founded with the belief, borne out by Dr. Verghese Kurien’s(Father of White Revolution) work in the dairy co-operatives which revolutionised the dairy industry in the country, that the key to effective rural development is professional management.[3]

It was founded at the initiative of the NDDB ( National Dairy Development Board) and the support of government of India, government of Gujarat and Swiss Development Co-operation. IRMA works with co-operatives, NGOs, governments, Indian national and international agencies.

IRMA provides management training, support and research facilities to students committed to rural development; in this process it has brought within its ambit several co-operatives, non-government organisations, government development agencies, international development organisations and funding agencies.

reference : http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Institute_of_Rural_Management,_Anand

Notable People[edit]

First Deputy Prime Minister of Republic of India Sardar Vallabhbahi Patel was born in Karamsad, a suburb of Anand City.

Personalities like Co-operative activist Tribhuvandas Patel, I.B.Patel,Dr. V. Kurien, Eminent Music Director Brij Joshi are residents of ANAND City

Educationalist Bhailalbhai (Bhaikaka) Patel, H.M. PATEL (Ex. Finance Minister, Govt. of India) belong to Vallabh Vidyanagar (Education Hub Town,Part of Aanad). Freedom Fighter & Educationalist Viththalbhai J Patel lived in ANAND.

References[edit]