Anand (1971 film)
||This article may require copy editing for grammar, style, cohesion, tone, or spelling. (January 2014)|
|Directed by||Hrishikesh Mukherjee|
|Produced by||Hrishikesh Mukherjee
|Written by||Bimal Dutta
|Music by||Salil Choudhury|
|Editing by||Hrishikesh Mukherjee|
|Distributed by||Digital Entertainment
Shemaroo Video Pvt. Ltd.
|Release dates||5 March 1971|
|Running time||123 minutes|
Anand (Hindi: आनंद, English: Bliss) is a Hindi drama film written and directed by Hrishikesh Mukherjee and released in 1971. It starred Rajesh Khanna and Amitabh Bachchan in lead roles; Khanna played the title role. The dialogues were written by Gulzar. It is widely considered as one of the best films of Hindi film industry, a masterpiece of Hrishikesh Mukherjee and the role of Anand regarded as Rajesh Khanna's best role. Upon its release, the film was a major hit. The film won numerous awards and enjoys a cult status. Indiatimes Movies ranks the movie amongst the "Top 25 Must See Bollywood Films". It is listed in "Hrishikesh Mukherjee's best films" compiled by rediff.com.
The film begins with a felicitation ceremony arranged for Dr. Bhaskar (Amitabh Bachchan) who has just written a book entitled Anand. Bhaskar is a cancer specialist and after the congratulatory speeches are made, he reveals that the book is not a work of fiction but culled from his own diary and pertains to his experiences with a real person named Anand.
In flashbacks, Bhaskar is shown to be an honest and committed physician who is happier dealing with genuine suffering than with the rich and their imagined ailments. He is blunt to a fault and will not conceal a patient's true predicament from him or her, regardless of the seriousness of the condition. A friend named Dr. Kulkarni, who tells Bhaskar that Anand (Rajesh Khanna) is dying of intestinal cancer, first introduces them. Bhaskar is struck by Anand's good cheer and is shocked to learn that Anand is aware of his true condition.
Anand and Bhaskar become fast friends and Anand decides to bring sunshine into Bhaskar's life as well. Bhaskar had once cured Renu (Sumita Sanyal) of pneumonia. He fell in love with her but was unable to propose. Anand makes it his business to bring Renu and Bhaskar together, and the two are together when Anand finally dies.
- Rajesh Khanna as Anand Sehgal
- Amitabh Bachchan as Dr. Bhaskar Banerjee a.k.a. Babu Moshaye
- Sumita Sanyal as Renu
- Ramesh Deo as Dr. Prakash Kulkarni a.k.a. Dost
- Seema Deo as Suman Kulkarni
- Lalita Pawar as Matron
- Durga Khote as Renu's mother
- Johnny Walker as Isa Bhai
- Asit Sen as Bhaskar's patient
- Dara Singh as Pahalwan
- 1971: National Film Award for Best Feature Film in Hindi: Hrishikesh Mukherjee, N.C. Sippy
- 1972: Filmfare Best Movie Award: Hrishikesh Mukherjee, N.C. Sippy
- 1972: Filmfare Best Actor Award: Rajesh Khanna
- 1972: Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award: Amitabh Bachchan
- 1972: Filmfare Best Dialogue Award: Gulzar
- 1972: Filmfare Best Editing Award: Hrishikesh Mukherjee
- 1972: Filmfare Best Story Award: Hrishikesh Mukherjee
|Soundtrack album to Anand by Salil Chaudhary|
|Salil Chaudhary chronology|
|Zindagi Kaisi Hai Paheli||Manna Dey||Yogesh|
|Kahin Door Jab Din Dhal Jaaye||Mukesh||Yogesh|
|Maine Tere Liye Hi Saat Rang Ke Sapne||Mukesh||Gulzar|
|Na Jiyaa Lage Na||Lata Mangeshkar||Gulzar|
Earlier Hrishi da had approached Lata Mangeshkar to work as a music director for this movie as she had already worked as a successful music director in Marathi movies under the pseudonym of "Anandghan". But she gracefully declined the offer and decided to sing for the film than composing it.
Although after the success of Aradhana Kishore Kumar had become the voice of Rajesh Khanna, but in this film Music Director Salil Choudhury insisted that Mukesh's voice would give required pathos to Anand's character. Rajesh Khanna readily agreed to the suggestion. Incidentally once asked which song was his favorite, Rajesh Khanna said it was Mukesh's Anand number `Kahin Door Jab din Dhal Jaye', and this song was repeatedly played at Khanna's funeral.
Anand was originally supposed to star famous Bollywood actors Kishore Kumar and Mehmood in the lead roles. One of the producers, N.C. Sippy, had earlier served as Mehmood's production manager. The character Babu Moshai was to be played by Mehmood. Hrishikesh was asked to meet Kishore Kumar to discuss the project. However, when Hrishikesh Mukherjee went to Kishore Kumar's house, he was driven away by the gatekeeper due to a misunderstanding. Kishore Kumar (himself a Bengali) had done a stage show organized by another Bengali man, and he was involved in a fight with this man over money matters. He had instructed his gatekeeper to drive away this "Bengali", if he ever visited the house. When Hrishikesh Mukherjee (also a Bengali) went to Kumar's house, the gatekeeper mistook him for the "Bengali" that Kishore Kumar had asked him to drive away. The incident hurt Mukherjee so much that he decided not to work with Kumar. Consequently, Mehmood had to leave the film as well, and new actors (Rajesh Khanna and Amitabh Bachchan) were signed up.
Film expert and musicologist Rajesh Subramanian opines that the Hrishikesh Mukherjee shot the film in 28 days.
The character of Anand was inspired by Raj Kapoor, who used to call Hrishikesh Mukherjee as "Babu Moshay". It is believed that Mukherjee wrote the film when once Raj Kapoor was seriously ill and he thought that he may die. The film is dedicated to "Raj Kapoor and the people of Bombay".