Anand (1971 film)

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Anand
Anand film.jpg
Directed by Hrishikesh Mukherjee
Produced by Hrishikesh Mukherjee
N.C. Sippy
Written by Bimal Dutta
Gulzar
D.N. Mukherjee
Hrishikesh Mukherjee
Biren Tripathy
Starring Rajesh Khanna
Amitabh Bachchan
Music by Salil Choudhury
Cinematography Jaywant Pathare
Editing by Hrishikesh Mukherjee
Distributed by Digital Entertainment
Shemaroo Video Pvt. Ltd.
Release dates 5 March 1971
Running time 123 minutes
Country India
Language Hindi

Anand (Hindi: आनंद, English: Bliss) is a Hindi drama film written and directed by Hrishikesh Mukherjee and released in 1971. It stars Rajesh Khanna and Amitabh Bachchan in lead roles, with Khanna playing the title role. The dialogues were written by Gulzar. It is widely considered as one of the best films of Hindi film industry and the role of Anand is regarded as Rajesh Khanna's best role.[citation needed] Upon its release, the film was a major hit.[citation needed] It won numerous awards and enjoys a cult status.[citation needed] Indiatimes Movies ranks the movie amongst the "Top 25 Must See Bollywood Films". It is listed in "Hrishikesh Mukherjee's best films" compiled by rediff.com.

Plot[edit]

The film begins with a felicitation ceremony arranged for Dr. Bhaskar (Amitabh Bachchan) who has just written a book entitled Anand. Bhaskar is a cancer specialist and after the congratulatory speeches are made he reveals that the book is not a work of fiction but taken out of his own diary and pertains to his experiences with a real person named Anand.

In flashback, Bhaskar is shown to be an honest and committed physician who is happier dealing with genuine suffering than with the rich and their imagined ailments. He is blunt to a fault and will not conceal a patient's true predicament from him or her, regardless of the seriousness of the condition. Dr. Kulkarni, his friend, introduces him to Anand (Rajesh Khanna) who is dying from intestinal cancer. Bhaskar is struck by Anand's good cheer and is shocked to learn that Anand is aware of his true condition.

Anand and Bhaskar become fast friends and Anand decides to bring sunshine into Bhaskar's life. Bhaskar had once cured Renu (Sumita Sanyal) of pneumonia. He fell in love with her but was unable to propose. Anand makes it his business to bring Renu and Bhaskar together, and the two are together when Anand finally dies.

Cast[edit]

Awards[edit]

[1]

Music[edit]

Anand
Yes
Soundtrack album to Anand by Salil Chaudhary
Language Hindi
Label Saregama
Salil Chaudhary chronology
Mere Apne
(1971)
Anand
(1971)
Sabse Bada Sukh
(1972)

The musical score for the film was composed by Salil Chaudhary. The lyrics were written by Gulzar and Yogesh. Gulzar wrote the poem "Maut To Ek Kavita Hai" which is narrated by Amitabh Bachchan.

Song Singer Lyricist
Zindagi Kaisi Hai Paheli Manna Dey Yogesh
Kahin Door Jab Din Dhal Jaaye Mukesh Yogesh
Maine Tere Liye Hi Saat Rang Ke Sapne Mukesh Gulzar
Na Jiyaa Lage Na Lata Mangeshkar Gulzar

Earlier Mukherjee had approached Lata Mangeshkar to work as a music director for this movie as she had already worked as a successful music director in Marathi movies under the pseudonym of "Anandghan". But she gracefully declined the offer and decided to sing for the film rather than composing it.

Although Kishore Kumar had become the voice of Rajesh Khannasince since the success of Aradhana, in this film, music director Salil Choudhury insisted that Mukesh's voice would give the required pathos to Anand's character. Rajesh Khanna readily agreed to the suggestion. Incidentally, once asked which song was his favorite, Rajesh Khanna said it was Mukesh's song `Kahin Door Jab din Dhal Jaye' of Anand.

Production[edit]

Anand was originally supposed to star famous Bollywood actors Kishore Kumar and Mehmood in the lead roles.[2] One of the producers, N.C. Sippy, had earlier served as Mehmood's production manager. The character Babu Moshai was to be played by Mehmood. Mukherjee was asked to meet Kishore Kumar to discuss the project. However, when he went to Kishore Kumar's house, he was driven away by the gatekeeper due to a misunderstanding. Kishore Kumar (himself a Bengali) had done a stage show organized by another Bengali man, and he was involved in a fight with this man over money matters. He had instructed his gatekeeper to drive away this "Bengali", if he ever visited the house. The gatekeeper misunderstood Mukherjee to be this "Bengali", and didn't let him enter. The incident hurt Mukherjee so much that he decided not to work with Kumar.[2] Consequently, Mehmood had to leave the film as well, and new actors, Rajesh Khanna and Amitabh Bachchan, were signed up.

Film expert and musicologist Rajesh Subramanian opines that the Hrishikesh Mukherjee shot the film in 28 days.

The character of Anand was inspired by Raj Kapoor, who used to call Hrishikesh Mukherjee as "Babu Moshay". It is believed that Mukherjee wrote the film when once Raj Kapoor was seriously ill and he thought that he may die. The film is dedicated to "Raj Kapoor and the people of Bombay".

Later, Anand was remade in Malayalam, with the name Chitrashalabham (which means butterfly) starring Jayaram and Biju Menon.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Johmy Wokkar as a Friend
  2. ^ a b Zaveri, Hanif (2005). "A Comedy King and Superstar". Mehmood, a Man of Many Moods. Popular Prakashan. p. 133. ISBN 81-7991-213-2. 

External links[edit]