|Born||Nando/Nand (Anand Prakash Bakhshi)
21 July 1930
Rawalpindi, British India (now Pakistan)
|Died||30 March 2002
Biography of Anand Bakshi
Anand Bakshi (Bakhshi Anand Prakash Vaid) was born in Rawalpindi, now in Pakistan, in 1930. His ancestors were Mohyal Brahmin from Kurree, near Rawalpindi, and had origins in Kashmir. His mother, Sumitra, died 1940, when he was 10. Bakshi's family migrated to India (Delhi) on 2 October 1947, in the aftermath of the partition, when he was 17 years old. The family arrived in Lucknow and later they traveled to Delhi and settled there.
Rashi – Brikh, (Cancer). Gotr – Bhardwaj. Sub Caste – Mohyal, Vaid. (Punjabi) Kul Devta, Snake. Birth name – Ishwardatt (Ishwardutt)
Mother Died – 1940. (at age 25, due to illness from a pregnancy)
Left school at age 13, after 9th Class (Cambridge College, Rawalpindi) - 6.3.1943.
Joined Royal Indian Navy as Anand Prakash, (they spelt his father’s name Prakash incorrectly, and mentione his age incorrectly as 12 July 1928), age 14, at Karachi (Rank – Boy 1) - 12.7.1944. Ship – H.M.I.S. Dilawar from 12.7.1944 to 4.4.1945.
Dismissed from Royal Indian Navy - 5.4.1946. (H.M.I.S. Bahadur, from 5.4.1945) (served Navy for 2 years)
Left Rawalpindi, Pakistan (due to Partition) (settled in Johar manzil, Arya Nagar, Lucknow, U.P.) – 2.10.1947, later the family shifted to Delhi.
Joined Army, Corps of Signals (Rank – Signal Man) (at Jubbulpore) (as Anand Prakash) – 15.11.1947. “Azad” was his Corps of Signals code name.
Discharged at his own request from Corps of Signals – 10.4.1950 (served Army for 2 years and 4 months. Army trade and qualification – Switch Board Operator Class III. His first published poem appeared in an Army publication, “Sainik Samachar”, under the name Anand Prakash Bakhshi, on the 25 March 1950 issue of Sainik Samachar. This gave him the confidence to try his luck in Hindi cinema as a writer.
The publication of this poem boosted his morale and gave him confidence to try in Hindi films as a writer and singer. While in the army he would write songs of the films he had seen just to get a feel of if he were the lyrics writer of that film what would he write. He would perform as a singer and actor in the theater plays, Bara Khambas, held on campus and earned the appreciation of his seniors too. All this fueled his dream to leave the Army once again for traveling to Bombay and join films. He wanted to become a singer. However, he failed the voice test at All India Radio, Delhi. Eventually he became a lyrics writer.
(Decades later, in the late 90’s, he wrote a special song for the Indian Military Academy, Dehra Dhun. He wrote a song for the Corps of Signals, on their invitation. After his death, the Corps of Signals established a “Bakshi Corner” in their Corps Museum.)
While in the Army, in 1950, in The Corps of Signals, on 24.1.50, he wrote an Aim in Life for himself. – “Every one in this world, rich or poor should have a definite aim in life. A man without any fixed purpose in life is like a ship without radder, at the mercy of the winds, powerless to control its course. So a person having no aim in life has nothing by which to guide his actions, or regulate his conduct. I, the undersigned, Anand Prakash Bakshi (AZAD.), intend to study music. For it is my aim in life to become an artist. And to achieve this, I must join films, radio, or theatre, and become a singer, songs composer, music director, director, etc.,.”
He arrived in Bombay (to find work in films) the 1st time – 1950.
On 22.12.1950, 11 am, he was told to report for a voice test at the AIR office, (All India Radio) at India Gate, New Delhi Station. But nothing came of it. He was helped to get this appointment by his maternal uncle Bali, an army officer.
After a year and no success returned to join the Army (E.M.E. - The Corps of Electrical and Mechanical Engineers) - 1951. Joined the Army, E.M.E. as Anand Prakash Bakshi (The Corps of Electrical and Mechanical Engineers), Rank “Ex-Boy”. 16.2.1951. He qualified in September 1953 as “Electrician Class III”, Jubbulpore, Lucknow.
Married Kamla Mohan – 2.10.1954. (at Lucknow)
Discharge from Army E.M.E. (The Corps of Electrical and Mechanical Engineers) at his own request - 27.8.1956, Jubbulpore, Lucknow, (served E.M.E. for 5 years).
Arrived in Bombay, (to find work in films) 2nd time – Oct. 1956. Wanted to return to the Army in 1956 after a month of failure to find work, but was miraculously stopped by a complete stranger, Chitramal Swarup, a ticket collector with Western Railway, at Marine Lines station, Bombay. Chitramal volunteered to give him shelter in his own house at Borivili west, Bombay, and eventually kept him for 5 years!, till he stabilized, by 1961.
His grand father, Sughar Mall Vaid Bakhshi, was Deputy Supritendant of Police, Punjab Jails, Rawalpindi, during British Raj.
His father, Mohan Lal Vaid Bakhshi, was a Bank manager in Rawalpindi, and he too served the Indian Army in some capacity after partition.
Bakshi was fondly called “Nand”, and mostly “Nando”, by his family. His grandmother called him Nand’ affectionaltely, especially after his mother died. He was also called “Anand Prakash” by his family, and his Royal Indian Navy, and his Army certificates name him as Anand Prakash, and Bakhshi was the family name. He was called “Anand Bakshi” by film folks and in film credit titles and this name stuck post film career. His father Mohan Lal Bakhshi addressed his as ‘Azeez’ in all his letters. Even his father in law addressed him as ‘Azeez’ in his letters. (Azeez-dear)
He lost his mother Sumitra, 1940, (She expired from an illness during pregnancy, when she was 25 years old. She was known for dressing up as a male during performances in family weddings. Her family addressed her as ‘Mitri’.) when he was 10 years old, and spent every living moment after that missing her love. His step mother was unfair towards him and would beat him. He believed later on in his life, that the best way to love your children is to love their mother. After his mother died, he was next closest to his grand mother who addressed him as Nand. His love for acting and drama came from his mother.
Before he established himself as a lyrics writer for Hindi film songs, he served for 2 years in the Royal Indian Navy, (H.M.I.S Dilawar and H.M.I.S Bahadur docked at Karachi) from 12 July 1944. He was dismissed from the navy on 5 April 1946 vide warrant No. 21, because he took part in the Royal Indian Naval Mutiny on board his ship H.M.I.S Bahadur docked at Karachi harbor. After partition of India he served 6 years in the Indian Army, based at Jabalpur, with The Corps of Signals, and later with the E.M.E., Infantry.
Anand Bakshi came to Hindi films to make a name for himself in writing and singing but ended up becoming more successful in writing lyrics. He got his break writing songs in a Brij Mohan's film titled, "Bhala Aadmi", 1958, acted by Bhagwan Dada. He wrote 4 songs in this film. His first song in this film was "Dharti Ke Laal Na Kar Itna Malaal" which was recorded on 9 Nov 1956.
He first found success with the film: Mehendi Lagi Mere Haath (Mehendi Lagi Mere Haat) produced by (LimeLight), Music Kalyanji & Anandji Music Pub-HMV/Saregama 1962. Then he found big success in 1965 (Jab Jab Phool Khile) produced by Limelight and Music by Kalyanji Anandji and went on to work as a lyricist of over 3500 songs and 638 films in the course of his life. He got his first time singing in a film was in Mome Ki Gudiya(1972). The first song he sang was a duet “Baaghon me bahaar aayi hothon pe pukaar aayi”, along with Lata Mangeshkar for music composed by Laxmikant Pyarelal. He also sang songs in 4 other films: Sholay (1975) where he sang the quawwali "Chand Sa Koi Chehera" along with Manna Dey, Kishore Kumar, Bhupinder; Maha Chor (1976); Charas (1976); and, Balika Badhu (1976).
After writing for few movies from 1956 onwards, Bakshi made a mark for himself for writing a quawalli for the 1962 film Kala Samundar, the song was “Meri Tasveer Lekar Kya Karoge tum”, and the film Mehendi Lagi Mere Haath 1962. He got his real big breakthroughs in 1965 with Himalaya Ki God Mein, and a huge breakthrough again in 1965 with the super hit film Jab Jab Phool Khile, starring Shashi Kapoor; and yet again in 1967 with the super hit movie Milan (starring Sunil Dutt). This five films within a decade cemented his status as a writer of immense caliber.
Anand Bakshi’s was widely associated with music Composers such as Laxmikant Pyarelal, R D Burman, Kalyanji-Anandji, Anu Malik, Rajesh Roshan and Anand-Milind and his songs have been sung by singers like Shamshad Begum, Alka Yagnik, Khursheed Bawra, Amirbai Karnataki, Sudha Malhotra and more.
He wrote the first recorded songs of singers like Shailendra Singh, Kumar Sanu, Kavita Krishnamurthy, etc., and he established himself as a versatile lyricist with the song "Dum Maro Dum" in the movie Hare Rama Hare Krishna (1972).
After this, he wrote memorable lyrics in many movies including Bobby and Amar Prem (1971), Aradhana 1970, Jeene Ki Raah, Mera Gaon Mera Desh, Aaye Din Bahar Ke, Aya Sawan Jhoom Ke, Seeta Aur Geeta, Sholay (1975), Dharam Veer, Nagina, Hum (1991), Mohra (1994), Dilwale Dulhania Le Jayenge (1995), Heer Raanjha, Dushman(film) (1998), Taal (1998), Mohabbatein (2000), Gadar: Ek Prem Katha (2001) and Yaadein.
Late in his life, he suffered from heart and lung disease as a consequence of lifelong smoking. In 2001, he caught a bacterial infection at Nanavati hospital, during a minor heart surgery. He finally died of multiple organ failure on 30 March 2002, 8:00PM (IST) at Mumbai's Nanavati Hospital, at the age of 72. The last released movie with lyrics by Anand Bakshi post his death:Mehbooba (2008 film)
- "Anand Bakshi on TOTAL RECALL Part 1 (@Times Now)". Retrieved 2012-01-29.
Various released documentaries: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PL450DCC996389F670