Anand Vihar Terminal railway station

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Anand Vihar
Indian Railway Station
Terminal
Anandvihar.jpg
Main Entrance of the Station
Station statistics
Address East Delhi, Delhi,
 India
Coordinates 28°39′2.79″N 77°18′54.86″E / 28.6507750°N 77.3152389°E / 28.6507750; 77.3152389
Elevation 207.140 metres (679.59 ft)
Connections Anand Vihar ISBT (Vivekanand Bus Terminal), Anand Vihar Metro station
Structure type At-grade
Platforms 3 (Phase-I)
Parking Available
Other information
Opened 19 December 2009
Station code ANVT
Zone(s) Northern Railways
Division(s) Delhi
Station status Functioning

Anand Vihar Railway Terminal, station code ANVT, is a large railway station in the Anand Vihar locality of Delhi, India.It is under the administrative control of the Delhi Division of the Northern Railway zone of the Indian Railways.

This station was officially inaugurated on 19 December 2009 by the then Union Railway minister, Mamata Banerjee and the Chief Minister of Delhi, Sheila Dikshit.[1] The terminal, spread over 42 hectares is one of the largest railway stations and will cater to all East–bound trains from Delhi after the second phase becomes operational.

History[edit]

Background[edit]

The city of Delhi heavily depends on the Rail transport to cater for the increasing load of passengers to their destinations. The long-distance trains from Delhi used to ply from three stations namely Delhi Junction (Old Delhi), New Delhi and Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Stations. These stations lacked the infrastructure facilities to handle such high passenger rush. Also, Delhi is the connecting station for the cities in the Northern states Punjab, Haryana, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand and Jammu and Kashmir. With increasing passenger pressure at the existing stations, the requirement of additional major passenger terminals was identified by the Northern Railways. The East-bound trains from Delhi to the states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Orissa, Jharkhand West Bengal and other North-eastern states had to cross the bridge over River Yamuna as all the three stations are located on the other side of the river. Thus, the area of Anand Vihar was selected in the trans-Yamuna region to construct a mega-railway terminal.[2] In 2003, Union railway minister Nitish Kumar announced that Delhi would get a new rail terminal at Anand Vihar.[3][4][5] The station was commissioned in the 2003 rail budget[6] and in December 2003, Northern Railway floated a tender to employ consultants for Phase-I of Anand Vihar railway station project.[7] The foundation stone of the station was laid by the then Union Minister of Railways, Nitish Kumar on 25 January 2004.[8] The first phase was expected to be completed by 2006.[9]

Development[edit]

Due to the delay caused by various reasons, the construction was started by the Northern Railways in October 2006.[10] The deadline for completion of the first phase was initially mid-2007 which was later revised to March 2008 due to various reasons. The station was finally declared clear for public use by the Commissioner of Railway Safety on 20 October 2009[11] and was officially inaugurated on 19 December 2009 by the Former Union Railway minister, Mamata Banerjee and the Chief Minister of Delhi, Sheila Dikshit. However, regular trains starting to ply from 10 March 2010[12] and the station continued functioning below capacity till a stampede at New Delhi station on 16 May 2010 made it clear that the New Delhi station handling 300,000 to around 500,000 passengers each day was saturated and thus the Northern Railways decided to transfer more trains to Anand Vihar and utilise it effectively.[13][14][15][16][17] Northern Railways planned to shift around six more regular trains to Anand Vihar by mid-July and also open the tender inviting global consultancies to propose a masterplan for the station Phase-II which also included augmenting the number of platforms to 7 from the existing 3 platforms in the Phase-I of the project.[18][19][20]

The Station[edit]

Vashi station at Navi Mumbai which served as a model for Anand Vihar station

The new terminal was developed to decongest the New Delhi Railway Station, Delhi Junction (Old Delhi) and Hazrat Nizamuddin Railway Station. The terminal is modelled on the lines of the Vashi terminal at Navi Mumbai.[21] The new terminal also helped to relieve congestion on roads into New Delhi, reducing the load of a million people daily entering the city. The railway terminal is integrated with the Anand Vihar Interstate Bus Terminal (Vivekanand Bus Terminal) and the Anand Vihar station of the Delhi Metro located close by, thus transforming it into a major transportation hub of Delhi. Further, widening of the rail overbridge at Anand Vihar is planned as the current structure is not capable for handling the traffic.[22][23]

Phase I[edit]

Phase I of the two-storey railway station was inaugurated on 19 December 2009 with three platforms, a coach maintenance yard and feeder lines to the Sahibabad Junction.[24] This phase cost INR850 million (US$14 million) and took five years to be completed. In the inauguration two new trains – the Anand Vihar-Lucknow Special Train and the Ghaziabad-New Delhi Ladies Special Train were flagged off. A Delhi-Panipat EMU with number of coaches augmented from 12 to 15 was also inaugurated. The two passenger trains to West Bengal-New Jalpaiguri Express and Farakka Express will be shifted to run from this terminal. Further, three existing trains running from Nizamuddin and New Delhi stations to Varanasi, Jogbani and Motihari will be shifted to the new terminal to originate from there from March onwards.[24][25] While the original deadline for completion of the first phase was mid-2007, it was revised to March 2008 and the project was delayed further due to various reasons.[24]

However regular trains from the station started on 10 March 2010.[12] Gradually many trains were shifted from New Delhi and other stations to Anand Vihar.[26][27] A number of EMUs of the Delhi Suburban Railway pass through the station. Along with that several special trains are run from the station to accommodate the heavy rush of passengers.[28][29][30] Currently, the regular trains that originate from the station are,[31]

Train No. Train Name Destination
12040/41 Kathgodam Shatabdi Express Kathgodam (KGM)
12506/05 North East Express Guwahati (GHY)
12488/87 Seemanchal Express Jogbani (JBN)
12368/67 Vikramshila Express Bhagalpur (BGP)
12558/57 Sapt Kranti Express Muzaffarpur (MFP)
12388/87 Rajendra Nagar Jan
Sadharan Express
Rajendra Nagar, Patna (RJPB)
14006/05 Lichhavi Express Sitamarhi (SMI)
22406/05 Bhagalpur Garib Rath Express Bhagalpur (BGP)
12570/69 Jaynagar Garib Rath Express Jaynagar (JYG)
22408/07 Varanasi Garib Rath Express Varanasi (BSB)
12444/43 Haldia Weekly Express Haldia (HLZ)
22410/09 Sasaram Garib Rath Express Sasaram (SSM)
12874/73 Jharkhand Swarna Jayanti Express Hatia, Ranchi (HTE)
12818/17 Jharkhand Swarna Jayanti Express Ranchi (RNC)
12212/11 Muzaffarpur Garib Rath Express Muzaffarpur (MFP)
12428/27 Rewa Express Rewa (REWA)
15026/25 Anand Vihar Terminal-Mau Express Mau(MAU)
14152/51 Anand Vihar Terminal-Kanpur Weekly Express Kanpur Cental raiway station (CNB)
15622/21 Anand Vihar Terminal-Kamakhya Weekly Express Kamakhya Junction raiway station (KYQ)

Phase II[edit]

In the phase II the number of platforms will be increased to seven in total and the terminal will have a capacity to handle over three lakh passengers and as many as 270 trains daily. The total cost of the terminal is estimated to be around INR2.4 billion (US$40 million) including the cost of the phase I and it would have a new Passenger Reservation system (PRS). Phase II of the Anand Vihar makeover involves linking of this terminal with the original Anand Vihar station (Station code: ANVR) which is a roadside station comprising two platforms serviced by only sub-urban trains. Northern Railways invited a consultant for Phase-II of Anand Vihar for upgrading the station with world class facilities.[32]

Facilities[edit]

Anand Vihar Terminal at Night

The station has facilities like booking office, booking counters, waiting halls with facilities for handicapped passengers, separate arrival and departure areas, cloak rooms, reservation halls, toilets, parcel and luggage office, operational and service accommodation and parking areas.[33] The station also has some modern amenities like ATMs, a touch-screen enquiry system, foreign exchange counters, commercial and maintenance offices, food plazas, and a computerised ticketing facility. Retiring rooms and dormitories are also be provided in the station building.[2] The terminal has a separate parcel loading facility, two escalators and six lifts and a special heritage gallery and custom-made subways which can be used by physically challenged passengers.[2][34] It will also be the only station in the India where loading and unloading of parcels, linen and food items will be carried out at the station yard and not in the platform as per the prevailing practise, to keep the platforms clean.[11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Anand Vihar railway terminal opens". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 20 December 2009. Archived from the original on 23 January 2010. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  2. ^ a b c The Hindu (7 December 2009). "Anand Vihar railway terminal to open this month". Retrieved 2009-12-08. 
  3. ^ Shruti Kohli (28 February 2003). "With rly station, Anand Vihar is prime property". cities.expressindia.com. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  4. ^ "Delhi's biggest railway junction planned at Anand Vihar". The Times of India. 8 February 2003. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  5. ^ "City to get new rail terminal at Anand Vihar". The Times of India. 27 February 2003. Retrieved 2010-05-10. 
  6. ^ Dwaipayan Ghosh (3 June 2009). "3-in-1 transport hub at Anand Vihar". The Times of India. Retrieved 2010-08-24. 
  7. ^ Sharma, Nidhi (11 December 2003). "'Model' railway station at Anand Vihar". The Times of India. Retrieved 2010-05-10. 
  8. ^ "Railway Minister to lay foundation for Anand Vihar Coaching Terminal". pib.nic.in. 23 January 2004. Retrieved 2010-06-27. 
  9. ^ Sharma, S K (1 February 2004). "Anand Vihar on fast track". The Times of India. Retrieved 2010-06-27. 
  10. ^ "Northern Railway has begun construction of a new station at Anand Vihar in Delhi". Highbeam.com. 1 October 2006. Retrieved 2009-12-06. 
  11. ^ a b "Anand Vihar railway terminal set for launch in 2 weeks' time". DNAIndia.com. 6 December 2009. Retrieved 2010-06-26. 
  12. ^ a b "Trains service to begin today from Anand Vihar". India Today. 10 March 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-26. 
  13. ^ Ghosh, Dwaipayan (17 May 2010). "Anand Vihar to be used for spl trains". The Times of India. Retrieved 2010-06-26. 
  14. ^ "Overcrowding = accidents". Hindustan Times. 16 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-27. 
  15. ^ "Sale of platform tickets stopped at stations after stampede". The Times of India. 17 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-27. 
  16. ^ "East-bound special trains to run from Anand Vihar". Hindustan Times. 17 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-27. 
  17. ^ "Railways plan to decongest New Delhi station". The Hindu. 6 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-28. 
  18. ^ "Long way to go for Anand Vihar station". Indian Express. 23 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-27. 
  19. ^ "6 trains to be shifted to Anand Vihar terminal". Hindustan Times. 30 June 2010. Archived from the original on 11 July 2010. Retrieved 2010-08-24. 
  20. ^ Dwaipayan Ghosh (2 July 2010). "Trains arrive, Anand Vihar not ready". The Times of India. Retrieved 2010-08-24. 
  21. ^ Accessmylibrary.com (12 June 2003). "Rlys to adopt SPV route for terminal in Delhi". Asia Africa Intelligence Wire. Retrieved 2009-12-06. 
  22. ^ Dipak Kumar Dash (3 June 2010). "Rlys cashes in on Games work". The Times of India. Retrieved 2010-06-26. 
  23. ^ Megha Suri Singh (24 October 2010). "Wiping out years of neglect, east elevated". The Times of India. Retrieved 2010-11-02. 
  24. ^ a b c Ghosh, Dwaipayan (19 December 2009). "Anand Vihar station opens today". The Times of India. Retrieved 2009-12-20. 
  25. ^ "Anand Vihar station to be opened for public from Saturday". Expressindia.com. 18 December 2009. Retrieved 2009-12-18. 
  26. ^ "Capital's rail terminal making steady strides". The Hindu. 8 February 2011. Retrieved 2012-10-17. 
  27. ^ "Rlys change boarding point of trains". The Times of India. 1 December 2010. Retrieved 2012-10-17. 
  28. ^ "Northern Railway to run extra trains to tackle Kumbh rush". The Times of India. 25 March 2010. Retrieved 2010-03-26. 
  29. ^ "Spl trains to cope with summer rush". The Times of India. 4 June 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-26. 
  30. ^ "Special trains to clear summer rush". The Times of India. 31 May 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-26. 
  31. ^ http://etrain.info/in?STATION=ANVT
  32. ^ "Development of Railway Stations as World Class Stations and Adarsh Stations". Press Information Bureau. 11 March 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-10. 
  33. ^ "New terminal friendly to the differently-abled". The Hindu. 22 December 2009. Retrieved 2010-08-28. 
  34. ^ Ghosh, Dwaipayan (20 December 2009). "Delhi gets its first rail terminal". The Times of India. Retrieved 2009-12-19. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 28°39′03″N 77°18′55″E / 28.650775°N 77.315239°E / 28.650775; 77.315239