Anandabazar Patrika

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Anandabazar Patrika
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Anandabazar Patrika
AnandabazarFront.JPG
Front page of 5 March 2009
Type Daily newspaper
Format Broadsheet
Owner(s) ABP Group
Editor Aveek Sarkar
Founded 13 March 1922
Political alignment Independent[1]
Language Bengali
Headquarters 6, Prafulla Sarkar Street, Kolkata-700001
Circulation 1,160,404 Daily[2] (as of December 2013)
Sister newspapers The Telegraph
Ebela
OCLC number 187024438
Website www.anandabazar.com

Anandabazar Patrika (Bengali: আনন্দবাজার পত্রিকা, Bengali pronunciation: [anɔnd̪ɔbadʒar Pɔt̪rika]) is an Indian Bengali language daily newspaper published in Kolkata, New Delhi and Mumbai by the ABP Group. According to the Audit Bureau of Circulations, it has a circulation of 1.16 million copies as of December 2013.[2][3] According to the Indian Readership Survey 2012, it is the only major Bengali newspaper in India and has an average issue readership of 5.8 million.[4]

Presently, the newspaper is edited by Aveek Sarkar.

History[edit]

The paper was founded in 1922 by its inaugural editor Prafulla Kumar Sarkar and the founder proprietor, Suresh Chandra Majumdar. It was first printed on 13 March 1922 and was against British rule.[5]

Timeline[edit]

  • 1922 – First published as a four/page evening daily. A cartoon strip appears. Printer’s line appears; an amendment of the Press Act makes it mandatory. Becomes a six-pager.
  • 1925 – First byline appears: Our special correspondent. Becomes a 16-page paper. A new Saturday section, Shanibarer Chithi, starts. It evolves into Rabibashoriyo. First 120-page special supplement on Calcutta Congress; sold out within two hours. Second edition printed on demand.
  • 1926 – First Puja special issue, Sharadiya shankhya.
  • 1930 – Birth of Ananda Press. Faced with a restrictive Press Ordinance, goes out of circulation for a few months (May 2 – October 31).
  • 1932 – Office moves to 1 Burman Street, near Burrabazar. Circulation soars. The company invests in a fast-paced rotary machine.
  • 1940 – Anandamela, the children’s section appears in Anandabazar Patrika.
  • 1942 – Dailies not printed to protest against regulations imposed on newspapers (August 21 – September 5). Lack of newsprint during World War II results in abridged dailies (June 1 – March 30, 1943).
  • 1954 – Becomes the largest circulated newspaper in the country published from one location, according to the Press Commission report.
  • 1955 – The ABP Group has a new home, a new building at Sooterkin Street (later renamed Prafulla Sarkar Street). Ananda Press begins publishing Anandabazar Patrika from 6 Sooterkin Street.
  • 1960 – Entertainment section Anandalok introduced.
  • 1963 – Anandabazar Patrika and Desh jointly publish the first large-scale readership survey in India — nine years before the first NRS survey.
  • 1965 – Colloquial Bengali in narrative prose begins. Formal Bengali only in the editorials now.
  • 1972 - Launched Business Standard Newspaper.
  • 1973 – Birth of Sunday, an English magazine.
  • 1975 – Phototypesetting introduced. Anandalok magazine is born. Business Standard, the business daily, is born. Popular section, Anandamela, is now a magazine.
  • 1978 – Sportsworld is launched.
  • 1979 – The ABP Group celebrates 200 years of printing and publishing in Bengal with a grand exhibition at the Maidan.
  • 1981 – Phototypesetting starts in Bengali. Businessworld, a fortnightly business magazine enters the fray.
  • 1982 – Printing takes a giant leap forward with the first full offset printing of Anandabazar Patrika. The Telegraph is born. The first in India to have a modular layout. The last issue of Hindusthan Standard is printed.
  • 1983 – The first colour printing (the features section).
  • 1984 – News comes to a standstill as ABP faces a 51-day strike
  • 1993 – The district pages of the Anandabazar Patrika are launched.
  • 1995 – Weekly Knowhow supplement comes out with The Telegraph.
  • 1996 – Weekly Telekids and ETC supplements come out. ABP creates a programme to run Bengali with all its conjuncts on Windows 95.
  • 2000 – Anandabazar Patrika’s internet edition is launched. The Telegraph in Schools (TTIS) is born.
  • 2001 – Prestige software introduced to upgrade page production. Kolkata section appears in Anandabazar Patrika. The beginning of customised split editions.
  • 2002 – The first INFOCOM — an IT exposition organised jointly by NASSCOM and Businessworld, takes an initial step towards becoming a giant annual event.
  • 2003 – A new-look Anandabazar Patrika hits the stands. Unish Kuri magazine is launched. ABP enters electronic space. Adds STAR News to its bouquet. The Telegraph wins the SNAP certificate — the first non-US newspaper to do so.
  • 2004 – The Telegraph appears in a new international look. Prastuti comes out with Anandabazar Patrika. Launch of Unish Kuri Career. ABP claims a place in the highly acclaimed IFRA-International Newspaper Colour Quality Club (INCQC) for The Telegraph for 2004–2006. Computer to plate technology (CTP) introduced in printing.
  • 2005 – Boier Desh hits the stands. The Telegraph wins the SNAP certificate again. STAR Ananda, the 24-hour national news channel in Bengali, begins broadcasting. Anandabazar Patrika reaches the one-million circulation benchmark. Anandabazar Patrika wins the SNAP certificate. The Telegraph wins the Bronze award for the Best in Print at the Asia Media Awards. Hey Ya is launched.
  • 2010 - In September 2010, Time Inc. entered into a license agreement with ABP Group, one of India’s largest media conglomerate to publish Fortune India magazine.This magazine is publishing the famous Fortune India 500 list every year.[6]
  • 2012 - ABP Group launches Ebela, a Bengali tabloid.

Through the years[edit]

The Saturday section called "Shanibarer Chithi" and the Sunday section "Rabibasariyo" came into being in 1925 only. The Robibasorio section still appears in the same name, though the Saturday supplement has changed its name to "Patrika". In 1926, the first festival issue - Puja special issue was published - Sharadiya Sankhya. Sharadiya Sankhya is still published regularly. In 1940, a children's section under the name "Anandamela", was introduced. In 1960, an entertainment section mainly composed of movie news, called "Anandalok" was introduced. In 1965, the language of reporting changed to colloquial Bengali (Chalit Bhasha) though the editorial continued to be written in formal Bengali (Sadhu Bhasha).[citation needed] In 1954, Anandabazar Patrika received special honours when the Press Commission report declared it to be the largest circulated newspaper in the country, published from a single location. In 1984, the Patrika publication was closed for 51 days due to a strike. The internet edition of the newspaper was launched in the year 2001.[7]

Edition[edit]

Three editions of Anandabazar Patrika are published from the Indian metropolitan cities of Kolkata, New Delhi and Mumbai. In addition, during the six days of the week, it has divided the state into six parts district: North Bengal (Malda, Jalpaiguri, South and North Dinajpur, Cooch Behar, Darjeeling), South Bengal (Howrah, North and South 24 Parganas and Hoogly, Bankura-Birbhum-Purulia, Nadia-Murshidabad), Burdwan, Midnapore. Four days a week tabloids are published for Kolkata and its adjoining areas namely South Calcutta, Howrah, North Calcutta, and East Calcutta. The newspaper edition is also available on the Internet.[citation needed]

Its supplements include the Sunday Supplement, Rabibasario, and the Saturday Supplement, Patrika. The Rabibasario has a children's page called Anandamela. Other supplements include Kajer Bazar(every Tuesday), Prastuti (every Monday) and Ananda Plus. In addition, its editions have a special supplement for the particular place from which the edition is published, e.g., "Kolkata" for the Kolkata edition. The paper has comic strips of Phantom and Mandrake from Monday to Saturday. The newspaper brings out a special festive issue (Sharadiya) during Durga Puja and also an annual issue.[citation needed]

Competition[edit]

Anandabazar Patrika's major competitor is Bartaman, which began publication in 1984; Bartaman is second in circulation and readership in West Bengal. Other competitors include Sangbad Pratidin, Aajkaal, Ganashakti, Sakalbela, Ekdin, NEWZ bangla and the newly published Times of India publication, Ei Samay.

Readership circulation[edit]

As per Audit Bureau of Circulations July–December 2008, the total circulation in Kolkata and Mumbai of Anandabazar Patrika is 1.28 million. As per National Readership Survey, 2006, the total readership of Anandabazar Patrika was 7.3 million, which included a readership of 3.06 million in Kolkata.[3]

Sister publication[edit]

The Telegraph, a daily English newspaper, was launched on 7 July 1982 and is published simultaneously from Kolkata. It is also published from Guwahati (to cater to the entire northeast), Siliguri (for North Bengal and Sikkim), Jamshedpur, and Ranchi (for Jharkhand), Bhubaneshwar (for Orissa) and Patna (for Bihar).

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]