|Anantapur district district
|District of Andhra Pradesh|
Location of Anantapur district district in Andhra Pradesh
|Administrative division||Anantapur district|
|Headquarters||Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||Anantapur, Hindupuram|
|• Assembly seats||14|
|• Total||19,130 km2 (7,390 sq mi)|
|• Sex ratio||978|
Anantapur District is a district in the Rayalaseema region of Andhra Pradesh, India. The district headquarters is located at Anantapur City As of 2011[update] Census, the district had a population of 40,83,315, of which 28.09% is urban and a literacy rate of 64.28%. It is the largest district in terms of area in Andhra Pradesh and 7th largest district in India respectively.
Area which comes under Ananthapuram district was once a crucial part of the Vijayanagara Empire. After the fall of the Vijayanagara rulers, it eventually came under the control of the Nizams of Hyderabad. British India took control of the region as part of a treaty with the Nizam. Ananthapuram district created in 1882 with Sir Thomas Munro as its first Collector.
It is the largest district of Andhra Pradesh spanning an area of 19,130 square kilometres (7,390 sq mi), comparatively equivalent to Japan's Shikoku Island. It is bounded on the north by Kurnool District, on the east by Kadapa District, on the southeast by Chittoor District, and on the southwest and west by Karnataka state. It is part of Rayalaseema region on the state. Its northern and central portions are a high plateau, generally undulating, with large granite rocks or low hill ranges rising occasionally above its surface. In the southern portion of the district the surface is more hilly, the plateau there rising to 2,000 ft (610 m). above the sea. Six rivers flow within the district: Penna, Chithravathi, Vedavathi, Papagni, Swarnamukhi, and Thadakaleru. The district receives an average annual rainfall of 381 millimeters.
Anantapur city is 354 km from Hyderabad, 200 km from the neighboring state capital of Bangalore. Anantapur connects Hyderabad and Bangalore through National Highway-7. Bangalore International Airport is nearest international airport to Anantapur.
According to the 2011 census Anantapur district has a population of 4,083,315, roughly equal to the nation of Lebanon or the US state of Oregon. This gives it a ranking of 52nd in India (out of a total of 640) and 7th in its state. The district has a population density of 213 inhabitants per square kilometre (550/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 12.16%. Anantapur has a sex ratio of 977 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 64.28%.
The district had a population of 3,640,47Ýɔ of which 25.26% is urban as of 2001 . Anantapur district includes 866 villages. Telugu is the widely spoken language in this region and it has a literacy rate of 56.69%. Urdu, Kannada languages are the other three widely spoken languages in the district. Telugu and Urdu are the two official languages of the district. Moreover, Anantapur is one of the 13 districts in Andhra Pradesh where Urdu is the second official language. Main religious groups are Hindus 3,225,156, Muslims 389,201 (10.7%), Christians 20,770.
In 2007–2008 the International Institute for Population Sciences interviewed 1009 households in 37 villages across the district. They found that 94.1% had access to electricity, 99.5% had drinking water, 35.6% toilet facilities, and 61.3% lived in a pucca (permanent) home. 31.4% of girls wed before the legal age of 18 and 88.2% of interviewees carried a BPL card.
Anantapur has a major potential for development of industry due to its strategic location between Bangalore - Chennai and Bangalore - Hyderabad Transportation routes and availability of vast tracts of Land. Only shortcoming is the shortage of water resources due to the less rainfall that it receives. AP Government has recently approved a major Solar Power project of a capacity of 50 MW, with plans for further expansion in place. Anantapur is a major producer of Dolomite and Iron Ore minerals.
Dharmavaram region in Anantapur is world famous for the handmade pure silk sarees. Its a major hub for Silk trade with end to end silk related industries situated in the region supporting a major portion of population. Tadipatri region in Anantapur is an industrialized down famous for Granite and Cement production. Ultra Tech Cements a unit of Industrial major Larsen & Toubro has a major Cement production unit near the town. Puttaparthi region in Anantapur is home to the Ashram of Sathya Sai Baba, one of the most popular spiritual gurus of India. Puttaparthi has developed into a major tourist destination due to vast infrastructure created by the Ashram.
The economy is principally agrarian with a developing industrial sector. Anantapur receives very less rainfall due to its location in the rain shadow area of Indian Peninsula. Prominent crops include groundnut, sunflower, rice, cotton, maize, chillies, sesame, and sugarcane. Silk trade, limestone quarrying, iron and diamond mining. Anantapur town is known as Groundnut City in reference to the neighboring Bangalore being called as Garden City.
In 2006 the Indian government named Anantapur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640). It is one of the thirteen districts in Andhra Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).
In November 2014, Megha Engineering & Infrastructures Limited (MEIL) through its MEIL Green Power Limited (MGPL) unit established a 50 Mega Watt (MW) solar thermal power plant in the district, which uses concentrated solar power (CSP) technology, one of its first in south India. MGPL was awarded the 50 MW solar thermal power plant as part of Jawaharlal Nehru National Solar Mission (JNNSM). AP Government has identified Anantapur to one of the most suitable areas for Solar Power plan development and plans are being formulated to achieve a production capacity of 1000 MW in the next 5 years.
The District has 5 Revenue Divisions viz., Anantapur, Dharmavaram, Kadiri, Kalyandurg and Penukonda divisions. Kadiri and Kalyandurg divisions are formed in 2013. These revenue divisions are further divided into 63 mandals.
The mandals of the district are listed in the following table:
|#||Anantapur Division||Dharmavaram Division||Penukonda Division||Kadiri Division||Kalyandurg Division|
Anantapur is an important education center with many prominent educational, schools, colleges and universities situated in the district. Anantapur city has become a major hub with many education institutions situated in its vicinity. Some of the famous institutions in Anantapur include
- Sri Krishnadevaraya University
- JNTU Ananthapur
- Sri Sathya Sai University
- Government Medical College
- Oil Technology Research Institute
There are many private Engineering colleges and higher education institutions in Anantapur. Following is a short list
- Intell Engineering College
- Gates Institute Of Technology
- Srinivasa Ramanujan Institute Of Technology
- Tadipatri Engineering College
- Anantha Lakshmi Institute Of Technology & Sciences
- Sir C.v.raman Institute Of Technology & Sciences
- Pvkk Institute Of Technology
Anantapur also has a few reputed international schools.
- Era International School
- Keshav Reddy School
- "District - Guntur". Andhra Pradesh Online Portal. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
- "Anantapur district profile". Andhra Pradesh State Portal.
- Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Andhra Pradesh: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1111–1112. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7.
- "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11.
- "Historical Background".
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
Lebanon 4,143,101 July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- "District Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS-3), 2007-08: India. Andhra Prades" (PDF). International Institute for Population Sciences and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. 2010. Retrieved 2011-10-03.
- "How Do I? : Obtain Marriage Certificate". National Portal Content Management Team, National Informatics Centre. 2005. Retrieved 2011-10-03.
To be eligible for marriage, the minimum age limit is 21 for males and 18 for females.
- Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011.
- "Historical Background". Anantapur District Official website. National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
- "Anantapur gets two more revenue divisions". The Hindu (Anantapur). 27 June 2013. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
- Sreeramulu, G. (2006). Empowerment of women through self help groups. Delhi, India: Kalpaz Publications. p. 143. ISBN 978-81-7835-501-6. Retrieved 3 November 2014.
- "Mandals in Anantapur district". AP State Portal. Retrieved 24 May 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Anantapur district.|
- Anantapur (district) travel guide from Wikivoyage
||Bellary district, Karnataka||Kurnool district|
|Chitradurga district, Karnataka||YSR Kadapa district|
|Tumkur district, Karnataka||Chikkaballapura district, Karnataka||Chittoor district|