Anantapur district

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This article is about the district. For its eponymous headquarters, see Anantapuram, Andhra Pradesh.
Anantapuram district district
అనంతపురం జిల్లా
District of Andhra Pradesh
Country India
State Andhra Pradesh
Administrative division Anantapuram district
Headquarters Anantapuram, Andhra Pradesh
Tehsils 63[1]
Government
 • Lok Sabha constituencies Anantapuram, Hindupuram
 • Assembly seats 14
Area
 • Total 19,130 km2 (7,390 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 4,083,315[2]
 • Urban 28.09%
Demographics
 • Literacy 64.28%
 • Sex ratio 978
Major highways AH43
Coordinates 21°13′N 86°45′E / 21.217°N 86.750°E / 21.217; 86.750Coordinates: 21°13′N 86°45′E / 21.217°N 86.750°E / 21.217; 86.750
Website Official website
Anantapuram district is a part of Rayalaseema region (highlighted in blue) in Andhra Pradesh

Anantapuram District is a district in the Rayalaseema region of Andhra Pradesh, India. The district headquarters is located at Anantapuram City. It is currently a part of the Red Corridor.[3] As of 2011 Census, the district had a population of 40,83,315, of which 28.09% is urban and a literacy rate of 64.28%.[2] It is the largest district in terms of area in Andhra Pradesh and 7th largest district in India respectively.[4]

Geography[edit]

Districts of Andhra Pradesh
 .It is the largest district of Andhra Pradesh spanning an area of 19,130 square kilometres (7,390 sq mi),[5] comparatively equivalent to Japan's Shikoku Island.[6] It is bounded on the north by Kurnool District, on the east by Kadapa District, on the southeast by Chittoor District, and on the southwest and west by Karnataka state.[7] It is part of Rayalaseema region on the state. Its northern and central portions are a high plateau, generally undulating, with large granite rocks or low hill ranges rising occasionally above its surface. In the southern portion of the district the surface is more hilly, the plateau there rising to 2,000 ft (610 m). above the sea. Six rivers flow within the district: Penna, Chithravathi, Vedavathi, Papagni, Swarnamukhi, and Thadakaleru. The district receives an average annual rainfall of 381 millimeters.

Anantapur city is 354 km from Hyderabad, 200 km from the neighboring state capital of Bangalore. Anantapur connects Hyderabad and Bangalore through National Highway-7. Bangalore International Airport is nearest international airport to Anantapur.

Demographics[edit]

According to the 2011 census Anantapuram district has a population of 4,083,315,[8] roughly equal to the nation of Lebanon[9] or the US state of Oregon.[10] This gives it a ranking of 52nd in India (out of a total of 640) and 7th in its state.[8] The district has a population density of 213 inhabitants per square kilometre (550/sq mi) .[8] Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 12.16%.[8] Anantapur has a sex ratio of 977 females for every 1000 males,[8] and a literacy rate of 64.28%.[8]

The district had a population of 3,640,47Ýɔ of which 25.26% is urban as of 2001 [1]. Anantapuram district includes 866 villages. Telugu is the widely spoken language in this region and it has a literacy rate of 56.69%. Urdu, Kannada languages are the other three widely spoken languages in the district. Telugu and Urdu are the two official languages of the district. Moreover, Anantapur is one of the 13 districts in Andhra Pradesh where Urdu is the second official language.[11] Main religious groups are Hindus 3,225,156, Muslims 389,201 (10.7%), Christians 20,770.

In 2007–2008 the International Institute for Population Sciences interviewed 1009 households in 37 villages across the district.[12] They found that 94.1% had access to electricity, 99.5% had drinking water, 35.6% toilet facilities, and 61.3% lived in a pucca (permanent) home.[12] 31.4% of girls wed before the legal age of 18[13] and 88.2% of interviewees carried a BPL card.[12]

Economy[edit]

The economy is principally agrarian with very few industries. With very little rainfall, the district is one of the most underdeveloped areas in the state. Prominent crops include groundnut, sunflower, rice, cotton, maize, chillies, sesame, and sugarcane. Silk trade, limestone quarrying, iron and diamond mining constitute the few industries that are there. Anantapur town is known as Groundnut City in reference to the neighboring Bangalore being called as Garden City.

In 2006 the Indian government named Anantapur one of the country's 250 most backward districts (out of a total of 640).[14] It is one of the thirteen districts in Andhra Pradesh currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).[14]

Divisions[edit]

The District has 5 Revenue Divisions viz., Anantapur,Dharmavaram, Kadiri, Kalyandurg and Penukonda divisions. Kadiri and Kalyandurg divisions are formed in 2013.[15][16] These revenue divisions are further divided into 63 mandals. They are listed in the following table:

# Anantapur Division Dharmavaram Division Penukonda Division Kadiri Division Kalyandurg Division
1 Atmakur Bathalapalle Agali Kadiri Kalyandurg
2 Anantapur Beluguppa Amadagur
3 Brahmasamudram Bommanahal Amarapuram
4 Dharmavaram Brahmasamudram Bukkarayasamudram
5 Garladinne Bukkapatnam Chilamathur
6 Gooty Chenne Kothapalle Gandlapenta
7 Guntakal D.Hirehal Gorantla
8 Kudair Gummagatta Gudibanda
9 Narpala Kambadur Hindupur
10 Pamidi Kanaganapalle Lepakshi
11 Peddapappur Kanekal Mudigubba
12 Peddavadugur Kothacheruvu Nallacheruvu
13 Putlur Kundurpi Nallamada
14 Raptadu Madakasira Nambulapulakunta
15 Singanamala Puttaparthi Obuladevaracheruvu
16 Tadimarri Rayadurg Parigi
17 Tadpatri Roddam Penu Konda
18 Uravakonda Settur Rolla
19 Vajrakarur Ramagiri Somandepalle
20 Vidapanakal Talupula
21 Yadiki Tanakal
22 Yellanur

Source:

Education[edit]

Ananthapur is an important education centre with educational, schools, colleges and universities namely Sri Krishnadevaraya University, JNTU Ananthapur, Sri Sathya Sai University, Government Medical College etc.. Srinivasa Ramanujan Institute of Technology (SRIT) is a reputed engineering college in Anantapur district.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District - Guntur". Andhra Pradesh Online Portal. Retrieved 23 August 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Anantapuram district profile". Andhra Pradesh State Portal. 
  3. ^ "83 districts under the Security Related Expenditure Scheme". IntelliBriefs. 2009-12-11. Retrieved 2011-09-17. 
  4. ^ http://www.census2011.co.in/facts/largedistricts.html
  5. ^ Srivastava, Dayawanti et al. (ed.) (2010). "States and Union Territories: Andhra Pradesh: Government". India 2010: A Reference Annual (54th ed.). New Delhi, India: Additional Director General, Publications Division, Ministry of Information and Broadcasting (India), Government of India. pp. 1111–1112. ISBN 978-81-230-1617-7. 
  6. ^ "Island Directory Tables: Islands by Land Area". United Nations Environment Program. 1998-02-18. Retrieved 2011-10-11. "Shikoku 18,545km2" 
  7. ^ "Historical Background". 
  8. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30. 
  9. ^ US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01. "Lebanon 4,143,101 July 2011 est." 
  10. ^ "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30. "Oregon 3,831,074" 
  11. ^ http://www.aponline.gov.in/apportal/departments/departments.asp?dep=25&org=168&category=about
  12. ^ a b c "District Level Household and Facility Survey (DLHS-3), 2007-08: India. Andhra Prades" (PDF). International Institute for Population Sciences and Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. 2010. Retrieved 2011-10-03. 
  13. ^ "How Do I? : Obtain Marriage Certificate". National Portal Content Management Team, National Informatics Centre. 2005. Retrieved 2011-10-03. "To be eligible for marriage, the minimum age limit is 21 for males and 18 for females." 
  14. ^ a b Ministry of Panchayati Raj (September 8, 2009). "A Note on the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme". National Institute of Rural Development. Retrieved September 27, 2011. 
  15. ^ "Historical Background". Anantapur District Official website. National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 3 November 2014. 
  16. ^ "Anantapur gets two more revenue divisions". The Hindu (Anantapur). 27 June 2013. Retrieved 3 November 2014. 
  17. ^ Sreeramulu, G. (2006). Empowerment of women through self help groups. Delhi, India: Kalpaz Publications. p. 143. ISBN 978-81-7835-501-6. Retrieved 3 November 2014. 
  18. ^ "Mandals in Anantapur district". AP State Portal. Retrieved 24 May 2014. 

External links[edit]