Anapidae

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Anapidae
Conoculus.lyugadinus.female.-.tanikawa.jpg
female Conculus lyugadinus from Okinawa
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Arachnida
Order: Araneae
Suborder: Araneomorphae
Superfamily: Araneoidea
Family: Anapidae
Simon, 1895
Genera

see text

Diversity
35 genera, 145 species
Distribution.anapidae.1.png

The Anapidae are a family of rather small spiders with 145 described species in 35 genera. Most species are less than 2 mm long.[1]

In some species (such as Pseudanapis parocula) the pedipalps of the female are reduced to coxal stumps.[1]

Anapidae generally live in leaf litter and moss on the floor of rain forest. Many build orb webs with a diameter of less than 3 cm.[1]

Distribution[edit]

Most genera inhabit New Zealand, Australia and Africa. However, several genera occur in Asia (Japan, China, Korea). Only Comaroma simoni and the three species of Zangherella are found in Europe; Gertschanapis shantzi and Comaroma mendocino live in the USA.[2]

Systematics[edit]

Although the Micropholcommatidae were synonymized with this family by Schütt (2003), this move was not followed by most researchers.

Genera[edit]

male Conoculus lyugadinus

See also[edit]

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Murphy & Murphy 2000
  2. ^ Platnick 2008

References[edit]

  • Ramirez, M.J. & Platnick, N.I. (1999): On Sofanapis antillanca (Araneae, Anapidae) as a kleptoparasite of austrochiline spiders (Araneae, Austrochilidae). Journal of Arachnology 27(2): 547-549. PDF
  • Murphy, Frances & Murphy, John (2000): An Introduction to the Spiders of South East Asia. Malaysian Nature Society, Kuala Lumpur.
  • Schütt, K. (2003): Phylogeny of Symphytognathidae. Zoologica Scripta 32: 129–151.
  • Platnick, Norman I. (2008): The world spider catalog, version 8.5. American Museum of Natural History.