|Born||30 November 1983
Sevastopol, Ukrainian SSR
|Died||19 January 2009
Anastasia Baburova (Russian: Анастасия Эдуардовна Бабурова Anastasia Eduardovna Baburova, Ukrainian: Анастасiя Едуардівна Бабурова Anastasia Eduardivna Baburova; 30 November 1983 – 19 January 2009) was a journalist for Novaya Gazeta and a student of journalism at Moscow State University. She was born in Sevastopol, Ukraine.
A member of Autonomous Action, she investigated activities of neo-Nazi groups. She was shot and killed together with human rights lawyer Stanislav Markelov, who was the other of the assassin's targets.
In 2000, she began studying at the Management-Faculty of the Black Sea branch of the Moscow State University in Sevastopol. Together with her mother she became a Russian citizen in the year 2000. She went to Moscow in 2001 and became a student international law at the Moscow State Institute of International Relations. In 2003, she married a fellow journalistic student, Alexander Frolov, whom she met in 2000 during her studies in Sevastopol. In 2004, Baburova became a journalist student at the Moscow State University. Along with her studies, she worked as a freelance journalist for Wetschernjaja Moskwa, Rossiskaja Gazeta and Izvestia. In the summer of 2007, Baburova and Frolov divorced.
Baburova's political activity may be traced back to her having witnessed an attack by neo-nazis on a foreigner, after which she wrote in her diary, "It is difficult to look in the eyes of a Korean student, who has only just been stuck in the temple by two juvenile thugs... they waved 'Sieg Heil' towards the tram and ran off."
Baburova was active in the anarchist environmentalist movement. She participated in the activities of ecological camps, in social fora, including the Fifth European Social Forum in Malmö 2008, organised the 'Anti-capitalism 2008' festival, demonstrated widely, and was involved in anti-fascist activities more generally.
In July 2008, Baburova participated in a demonstration against the felling of the Khimkinsky Forest. For her involvement in another protest against the eviction of former pork factory workers from the Moscow factory, 'Smena' and impoverished CIS immigrants she would spend a night in prison. The day before her murder, Anastasia appeared at the anarcho-communist unity event 'Autonomous Action'. Earlier she had written an article on behalf of the journal 'Avtonom'.
Throughout 2008, Anastasia Baburova worked on the Editorial team of the Russian newspaper, Izvestiya, and had had dozens of articles published by both Izvestiya and Financial News, particularly on finance. In December 2008, she resigned from this post over the political course of the newspaper, which, according to the British weekly newspaper The Economist, may be characterised by "nationalism, spinelessness and cynicism".
Death and investigation
Baburova became the fourth Novaya Gazeta journalist to be killed since 2000. According to Russian military analyst Pavel Felgenhauer, the details of the murder indicate the involvement of Russian state security services.
At first it was reported that Baburova had been wounded in an attempt to detain Markelov's killer, however later Russian law enforcement authorities declared that Baburova was shot in the back of her head. Baburova died a few hours after the attack at a Moscow hospital.
On 26 January 2009, Baburova was buried in the central city cemetery of her home town of Sevastopol.
In November 2009, Russian authorities declared the end of the criminal investigation. The murder suspects were 29-year-old Nikita Tikhonov and his girlfriend, 24-year-old Eugenia Khasis, members of a radical neo-nazi nationalistic group. According to investigators, Tikhonov was the one who committed the murder, while Khasis reported to him, by cell phone, the movements of Markelov and Baburova, right before the assault. The motive of the murder was revenge for Markelov's prior work as a lawyer in the interests of anti-fascist activists. The murder suspects were arrested, and were reported to have confessed. In May 2011, Tikhonov was sentenced to life imprisonment, and Khasis was sentenced to 18 years in prison.
“In the opinion of the Novaya Gazeta staff, of which I am a member, the Russian security services or rogue elements within these services are the prime suspects in the murders of Baburova and Markelov. The boldness of the attack by a single gunman in broad daylight in the center of Moscow required professional preliminary planning and surveillance that would necessitate the security services, which closely control that particular neighborhood, turning a blind eye. The use of a gun with a silencer does not fit with the usual pattern of murders by nationalist neo-Nazi youth groups in Russia, which use homemade explosives, knives, and group assaults to beat up and stab opponents to death.”
References and footnotes
- From the Native land home, Sevastopol has said goodbye to Anastasiej Baburovoj, Novaya Gazeta (27 January 2009)
- Sevastopol pays final respects to journalist gunned down in Moscow, UNIAN (26 January 2009)
- Виктор Ющенко выразил соболезнования в связи с гибелью журналистки Анастасии Бабуровой, condolence message of the President of Ukraine (in Russian) (23 January 2009)
- Anastasia Baburova joined Autonomous Action a day before she got murdered. Anastasia "Skat" Baburova, 30 November 1983-19 January 2009, Autonomous Action Official website (19 January 2009)
- The Russian Security Services—The Prime Murder Suspect, by Pavel Felgenhauer
- The Economist, Obituary: Anastasia Baburova, 7 February 2009, page 79
- Schwirtz, Michael (20 January 2009). "Leading Russian Rights Lawyer Is Shot to Death in Moscow, Along With Journalist". New York Times. Archived from the original on 23 January 2009. Retrieved 23 january 2009. "Anastasia Baburova, a 25-year-old journalist who was with Markelov, was also killed, according to a spokeswoman for a newspaper where she worked as a freelancer, Novaya Gazeta, which is highly critical of the government. The two were shot."
- Murder of lawyer shocks Russians - BBC News, 20 January 2009
- В центре Москве убиты адвокат Станислав Маркелов и журналист «Новой газеты» Анастасия Бабурова // Novaya Gazeta (Russian)
- (Russian)Nikita Kasjanenko, Журналисты Крыма требуют от власти России наказать виновных в смерти Анастасии Бабуровой, Den (27 January 2009)
- (Russian)Oleg Leontijewski, У Насти Бабуровой было развито чувство справедливости, Informationsagentur, UNIAN (27 January 2009)
- (Russian)Nikita Kasjanenko, Я прошу вас, любите меня, пожалуйста! Статья про украинское детство Насти Бабуровой, livejournal.com (13 February 2009)
- (Russian)«Я прошу вас, любите меня, пожалуйста!» by Nikita Kasyanenko, Den № 24, 13 February 2009
- Decree of the President of Russian Federation from 19 April 2000 N. 701
- (Russian)List of Students
- (Russian)Takoi ona byla by Ilja Donskich, Novaya Gazeta (21 January 2009)
- (Russian)Irina Bobrowa/Jekaterina Petuchowa, Настя Бабурова: “Товарищи родители, любите меня, пожалуйста!, weblog MK.ru, (21 January 2009)
- (German)„Rechtsanwalt und Journalistin ermordet“, FR-online (19 January 2009)
- We are not afraid, Novaya Gazeta (21 January 2009)
- He stated: "In the opinion of the Novaya Gazeta staff, of which I am a member, the Russian security services or rogue elements within these services are the prime suspects in the murders of Baburova and Markelov. The boldness of the attack by a single gunman in broad daylight in the center of Moscow required professional preliminary planning and surveillance that would necessitate the security services, which closely control that particular neighborhood, turning a blind eye. The use of a gun with a silencer does not fit with the usual pattern of murders by nationalist neo-Nazi youth groups in Russia, which use homemade explosives, knives, and group assaults to beat up and stab opponents to death. The offices of Russia's rulers President Dmitry Medvedev and Prime Minister Vladimir Putin have not issued any statements expressing indignation or offering any condolences after the two murders. This follows the usual behavioral pattern of the authoritarian Putin regime when its critics are murdered in cold blood."
- "В Севастополе похоронили Анастасию Бабурову" (in Russian). Peoples. 26 January 2009. Retrieved 26 January 2009.
- "Medvedev Expresses Condolences Over Journalist Slain in Moscow". Bloomberg. 29 January 2009. Retrieved 29 January 2009.
- "Дмитрий Медведев сказал, почему не выразил соболезнования в связи с убийством Маркелова и Бабуровой" (in Russian). Mideast. 29 January 2009. Archived from the original on 31 January 2009. Retrieved 29 January 2009.
- "Medvedev sympathy for murdered activists signals break from past". Financial Times. 30 January 2009. Archived from the original on 7 February 2009. Retrieved 30 January 2009.
- "Nikita Tikhonov And Yevgenia Khasis, Russian Nationalists, Sentenced For Killing Human Rights Lawyer, Journalist". Huffington Post, 6 May 2011.
- Lenta.Ru (6 November 2009). "Crime: True Face of Hatre (Настоящее лицо ненависти)" (in Russian). Retrieved 21 January 2013.