Kim's father was a Soviet Korean, the son of a man who immigrated to the Russian Far East in 1908; his mother was of Russian ethnicity. He claims to be a descendant of 15th-century Korean author Kim Si-seup. He was born in Sergievka, Tulkibas District, Chimkent Oblast, Kazakh Soviet Socialist Republic (today South Kazakhstan Province, Kazakhstan) and spent his early years there. In 1948, his family moved to the Russian Far East and Sakhalin, where he lived until 1957 before entering an art school in Moscow.
Aside from his original works, Kim has also translated a number of Kazakh language works into Russian, including Abdijamil Nurpeisov's Last Duty (Последний долг) and Mukhtar Auezov's Path of Abay (a re-translation, to replace an older Soviet-era version perceived as insufficient).
- Bogdanova 2005, p. 182
- Egorova, Tatiana (2010-09-02), ""Сахалин никогда не отпускал меня от себя…" (из бесед с писателем Анатолием Кимом)", Sakhalin-Kurile Information Agency, retrieved 2010-09-06
- Choi 1988, p. 63
- Otar, Guljakhan (2009-03-17), ""Путь Абая": перечитывая заново", Республика, retrieved 2010-09-06
- Terakpyan, Leonid (November 2001), "Абдижамила Нурпеисова "Последний долг"", Октябрь, retrieved 2010-09-06
- Choi, Gunn-young (December 1988), "Russian and Oriental Elements in Anatoly Kim's Prose", Rusistika 5: 62–70
- Bogdanova, O. B. (2005), "Ким, Анатолий Андреевич", in Skatov, Nikolai Nikolaevich, Русская литература 20. века, Olma Media Group, pp. 182–184, ISBN 978-5-94848-262-0
- Rollberg, Peter (1999), The Long Path Home: Fiction, Translation, and Anatoly Kim's Rediscovery of Korea, Hahn Moo-Sook Colloquium in the Korean Humanities
- Rollberg, Peter (1993), "Man Between Beast and God: Anatoly Kim's Apocalyptic Visions", World Literature Today 67 (1): 100–106, JSTOR 40148870