Anatolia Eyalet

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Eyālet-i Ānāṭōlī
Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire

1393–1841
 

 

 

Location of Anatolia Eyalet
Anatolia Eyalet in 1609
Capital Ankara, Kütahya
History
 -  Established 1393
 -  Disestablished 1841
Today part of  Turkey

The Eyalet of Anatolia (Ottoman Turkish: ایالت آناطولی; Eyālet-i Ānāṭōlī)[1] was one of the two core provinces (Rumelia being the other) in the early years of the Ottoman Empire. It was established in 1393.[2] Consisting of western Anatolia, its capital was Kütahya. Its reported area in the 19th century was 65,804 square miles (170,430 km2).[3]

The establishment of the province of Anatolia is held to have been in 1393, when Sultan Bayezid I (r. 1389–1402) appointed Kara Timurtash as beylerbey and viceroy was in Anatolia, during Bayezid's absence on campaign in Europe against Mircea I of Wallachia.[4][5] The province of Anatolia—initially termed beylerbeylik or generically vilayet ("province"), only after 1591 was the term eyalet used[5]—was the second to be formed after the Rumelia Eyalet, and ranked accordingly in the hierarchy of the provinces.[6] The first capital of the province was Ankara, but in the late 15th century it was moved to Kütahya.[6]

As part of the Tanzimat reforms, the Anatolia Eyalet was dissolved ca. 1841 and divided into smaller provinces, although various scholars give conflicting dates for the dissolution, from as early as 1832 to as late as 1864.[6]

Government[edit]

Organisation of the eyalet in the 17th century, from the accounts of Evliya Çelebi: "There is a Kehiya, an Emin (inspector) and Muhasibji (comptroller of the defter or rolls) an Emin and Kehiya of the Chavushes, a colonel and captain of the feudal militia, four Begs called Musellim and eleven Yaya-Begs".[7]

Administrative divisions[edit]

The eyalet consisted of fifteen sanjaks in 1609:[8]
  1. Sanjak of Kütahya (Liva-i Kütahya, Pasha Sanjakı , Kütahya)
  2. Sanjak of Saruhan (Liva-i Saruhan Hass-ı Mîr Liva, (Manisa)
  3. Sanjak of Aydin (Liva-i Aydın, Aydın)
  4. Sanjak of Hüdavendigâr (Liva-i Hüdavendigâr, Bursa)
  5. Sanjak of Kastamonu (Liva-i Kastamonu, Kastamonu)
  6. Sanjak of Menteşe (Liva-i Menteşe, Muğla)
  7. Sanjak of Bolu (Liva-i Bolu, Bolu)
  8. Sanjak of Ankara (Liva-i Bankara, Ankara)
  9. Sanjak of Karahisar-i Sahib (Liva-i Karahisar-ı Sahib, Afyonkarahisar)
  10. Sanjak of Teke (Liva-i Teke, Antalya)
  11. Sanjak of Kangırı (Liva-i Kangırı, Çankırı)
  12. Sanjak of Hamid (Liva-i Hamid, Isparta)
  13. Sanjak of Sultanönü (Liva-i Sultanönü, Eskişehir)
  14. Sanjak of Karasi (Liva-i Karasi, Balıkesir)
The eyalet consisted of fifteen sanjaks between 1700 and 1740:[9]
  1. Sanjak of Kütahya (Pasha Sanjakı, Kütahya)
  2. Sanjak of Hüdavendigâr (Bursa)
  3. Sanjak of Bolu (Bolu)
  4. Sanjak of Kastamonu (Kastamonu)
  5. Sanjak of Karasi (Balıkesir)
  6. Sanjak of Sultanönü (Eskişehir)
  7. Sanjak of Saruhan (Manisa)
  8. Sanjak of Karahisar-i Sahib (Afyonkarahisar)
  9. Sanjak of Hamid (Isparta)
  10. Sanjak of Ankara (Ankara)
  11. Sanjak of Kânkırı (Çankırı)
  12. Sanjak of Aydin (Aydın)
  13. Sanjak of Teke (Antalya)
  14. Sanjak of Menteşe (Muğla)
  15. Sanjak of Beybazarı (Beypazarı)

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Some Provinces of the Ottoman Empire". Geonames.de. Retrieved 25 February 2013. 
  2. ^ Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire, p. 14, at Google Books By Gábor Ágoston, Bruce Alan Masters
  3. ^ The Popular encyclopedia: or, conversations lexicon, Volume 6, p. 698, at Google Books
  4. ^ Ménage, V. L. (1986). "Beglerbegī". The Encyclopedia of Islam, New Edition, Volume I: A–B. Leiden and New York: BRILL. pp. 1159–1160. ISBN 90-04-08114-3. 
  5. ^ a b İnalcık, Halil (1991). "Eyālet". The Encyclopedia of Islam, New Edition, Volume II: C–G. Leiden and New York: BRILL. pp. 721–724. ISBN 90-04-07026-5. 
  6. ^ a b c Birken, Andreas (1976). Die Provinzen des Osmanischen Reiches. Beihefte zum Tübinger Atlas des Vorderen Orients (in German) 13. Reichert. p. 115. ISBN 9783920153568. 
  7. ^ Narrative of travels in Europe, Asia, and Africa in the ..., Volume 1, p. 90, at Google Books By Evliya Çelebi, Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall
  8. ^ Çetin Varlık, Anadolu Eyaleti Kuruluşu ve Gelişmesi, Osmanlı, Cilt 6: Teşkilât, Yeni Türkiye Yayınları, Ankara, 1999, ISBN 975-6782-09-9, p. 125. (Turkish)
  9. ^ Orhan Kılıç, XVII. Yüzyılın İlk Yarısında Osmanlı Devleti'nin Eyalet ve Sancak Teşkilatlanması, Osmanlı, Cilt 6: Teşkilât, Yeni Türkiye Yayınları, Ankara, 1999, ISBN 975-6782-09-9, p. 93. (Turkish)