|Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire|
|Today part of||Turkey|
The Eyalet of Anatolia (Ottoman Turkish: ایالت آناطولی; Eyālet-i Ānāṭōlī) was one of the two core provinces (Rumelia being the other) in the early years of the Ottoman Empire. It was established in 1393. Consisting of western Anatolia, its capital was Kütahya. Its reported area in the 19th century was 65,804 square miles (170,430 km2).
The establishment of the province of Anatolia is held to have been in 1393, when Sultan Bayezid I (r. 1389–1402) appointed Kara Timurtash as beylerbey and viceroy was in Anatolia, during Bayezid's absence on campaign in Europe against Mircea I of Wallachia. The province of Anatolia—initially termed beylerbeylik or generically vilayet ("province"), only after 1591 was the term eyalet used—was the second to be formed after the Rumelia Eyalet, and ranked accordingly in the hierarchy of the provinces. The first capital of the province was Ankara, but in the late 15th century it was moved to Kütahya.
As part of the Tanzimat reforms, the Anatolia Eyalet was dissolved ca. 1841 and divided into smaller provinces, although various scholars give conflicting dates for the dissolution, from as early as 1832 to as late as 1864.
Organisation of the eyalet in the 17th century, from the accounts of Evliya Çelebi: "There is a Kehiya, an Emin (inspector) and Muhasibji (comptroller of the defter or rolls) an Emin and Kehiya of the Chavushes, a colonel and captain of the feudal militia, four Begs called Musellim and eleven Yaya-Begs".
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