Anatolia Eyalet

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Eyālet-i Ānāṭōlī
Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire

1365–1827
 

 

 

Location of Anatolia Eyalet
Anatolia Eyalet in 1609
Capital Bursa, Ankara, Kütahya[1]
History
 -  Established 1365
 -  Disestablished 1827
Today part of  Turkey

The Eyalet of Anatolia (Ottoman Turkish: ایالت آناطولی; Eyālet-i Ānāṭōlī)[2] was one of the two core provinces (Rumelia being the other) in the early years of the Ottoman Empire. It was established in 1393.[3] Consisting of western Anatolia, its capital was Kütahya. Its reported area in the 19th century was 65,804 square miles (170,430 km2).[4]

Murad I instituted the great division of the sultanate into two beylerbeyiliks of Rumeli and Anadolu, in circa 1365.[5]

After the abolition of the Janissary corps in 1826 which followed the Auspicious Incident, the eyalet was divided into 4: the eyalets of Aydin, Hüdevandigar, Ankara and Kastamonu.[6]

Government[edit]

Organisation of the eyalet in the 17th century, from the accounts of Evliya Çelebi: "There is a Kehiya, an Emin (inspector) and Muhasibji (comptroller of the defter or rolls) an Emin and Kehiya of the Chavushes, a colonel and captain of the feudal militia, four Begs called Musellim and eleven Yaya-Begs".[7]

Administrative divisions[edit]

The eyalet consisted of fifteen sanjaks in 1609:[8]
  1. Kutahya Sanjak (Liva-i Kütahya, Paşa Sancağı , Kütahya)
  2. Saruhan Sanjak (Liva-i Saruhan Hass-ı Mîr Liva, (Manisa)
  3. Aydin Sanjak (Liva-i Aydın, Aydın)
  4. Hüdavendigâr Sanjak (Liva-i Hüdavendigâr, Bursa)
  5. Kastamonu Sanjak (Liva-i Kastamonu, Kastamonu)
  6. Menteşe Sanjak (Liva-i Menteşe, Muğla)
  7. Bolu Sanjak (Liva-i Bolu, Bolu)
  8. Ankara Sanjak (Liva-i Bankara, Ankara)
  9. Karahisar-i Sahib Sanjak (Liva-i Karahisar-ı Sahib, Afyonkarahisar)
  10. Teke Sanjak (Liva-i Teke, Antalya)
  11. Kangırı Sanjak (Liva-i Kangırı, Çankırı)
  12. Hamidili Sanjak (Liva-i Hamidili, Isparta)
  13. Sultanönü Sanjak (Liva-i Sultanönü, Eskişehir)
  14. Karesi Sanjak (Liva-i Karesi, Balıkesir)
The eyalet consisted of fifteen sanjaks between 1700 and 1740:[9]
  1. Kutahya Sanjak (Paşa Sancağı , Kütahya)
  2. Hüdavendigâr Sanjak (Bursa)
  3. Bolu Sanjak (Bolu)
  4. Kastamonu Sanjak (Kastamonu)
  5. Karasi Sanjak (Balıkesir)
  6. Sultanönü Sanjak (Eskişehir)
  7. Saruhan Sanjak (Manisa)
  8. Karahisar-i Sahib Sanjak (Afyonkarahisar)
  9. Hamid Sanjak (Isparta)
  10. Ankara Sanjak (Ankara)
  11. Kânkırı Sanjak (Çankırı)
  12. Aydin Sanjak (Aydın)
  13. Teke Sanjak (Antalya)
  14. Menteşe Sanjak (Muğla)
  15. Beybazarı Sanjak (Beypazarı)

References[edit]

  1. ^ Commercial statistics: A digest of the productive resources, commercial... By John Macgregor, p. 12, at Google Books
  2. ^ "Some Provinces of the Ottoman Empire". Geonames.de. Retrieved 25 February 2013. 
  3. ^ Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire, p. 14, at Google Books By Gábor Ágoston, Bruce Alan Masters
  4. ^ The Popular encyclopedia: or, conversations lexicon, Volume 6, p. 698, at Google Books
  5. ^ D. E. Pitcher (1972). An Historical Geography of the Ottoman Empire: From Earliest Times to the End of the Sixteenth Century. Brill Archive. p. 125. Retrieved 2013-06-02. 
  6. ^ Asaf Gökbel, Hikmet Şölen "Aydın İli tarihi" sf. 110, Ahmed İhsan Basımevi Ltd. (1936).
  7. ^ Narrative of travels in Europe, Asia, and Africa in the ..., Volume 1, p. 90, at Google Books By Evliya Çelebi, Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall
  8. ^ Çetin Varlık, Anadolu Eyaleti Kuruluşu ve Gelişmesi, Osmanlı, Cilt 6: Teşkilât, Yeni Türkiye Yayınları, Ankara, 1999, ISBN 975-6782-09-9, p. 125. (Turkish)
  9. ^ Orhan Kılıç, XVII. Yüzyılın İlk Yarısında Osmanlı Devleti'nin Eyalet ve Sancak Teşkilatlanması, Osmanlı, Cilt 6: Teşkilât, Yeni Türkiye Yayınları, Ankara, 1999, ISBN 975-6782-09-9, p. 93. (Turkish)