|Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union|
15 March 1990 – 22 August 1991
|Preceded by||Mikhail Gorbachev|
|Succeeded by||Office abolished|
|First Deputy Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union|
1 October 1988 – 15 March 1990
|Preceded by||Pyotr Demichev|
|Succeeded by||Gennady Yanayev (as vice president)|
|Candidate member of the Politburo|
30 September 1988 – 14 July 1990
|Member of the Secretariat|
28 January 1987 – 30 September 1988
7 May 1930 |
Smolensk, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
|Nationality||Soviet and Russian|
|Political party||Communist Party of the Russian Federation|
|Communist Party of the Soviet Union|
Anatoly Ivanovich Lukyanov (Russian: Анатолий Иванович Лукьянов) (born 7 May 1930 in Smolensk) is a Russian Communist politician who was the Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR between 15 March 1990 and 22 August 1991. One of the founders of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation (CPRF) in 1993, he is described by its leader Gennady Zyuganov as the "Deng Xiaoping" of the party. He published a few books of poetry under his own name and under the pseudonyms Osenev (Осенев) and Dneprov (Днепров).
Lukyanov was born to a working-class family in Smolensk on 7 May 1930. In 1953, he graduated from the Law School of the Moscow State University. From 1956 to 1961 he was a legal consultant at the Council of Ministers, while from 1961 to 1976 he was a referent at the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union. From 1976 to 1988 he worked for the apparatus of the Communist Party. Lukyanov was a secretary of the CPSU Central Committee from January 1987 and a candidate member of the Politburo from September 1988.
He befriended Mikhail Gorbachev in law school, later becoming a political ally. Lukyanov was elected vice-chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union in March 1989 and chairman the following year. In 1991, Ivan Silayev accused him of being the leading force behind the Soviet coup attempt of 1991. Lukyanov was arrested on 29 August 1991, and held for fifteen months on charges of conspiracy. Throughout the investigation, Lukyanov denied complicity.
Lukyanov has been the Chairman of the Central Advisory Council of the Communist Party of the Russian Federation, and the senior advisor to party leader Gennady Zyuganov, since co-founding the party in 1993.
He is a member of the Union of Writers of Russia.
Election to Duma 
Lukyanov was elected as a deputy to the first three State Dumas of the Russian Federation (1993, 1995 and 1999). His last title was as Chairman of the Duma Committee on Constitutional Law ( Председатель Комитета ГД по конституционному законодательству и государственному строительству). He did not participate in the elections of 2003 and instead became a board member of a company called OEG Petroservis.
- Gardels, Nathan (1997). The Changing Global Order: World Leaders Reflect. Blackwell Publishing. p. 112. ISBN 1-57718-072-0.
- A. I. Luk'ianov, V vodovorote rossiiskoi smuty (Moscow: Kniga i Biznes, 1999), 3.
- The Deal Is Already Done For Gorbachev's Coup Book, The New York Times, October 4, 1991 p. 1D
- Luk'ianov, V vodovorote rossiiskoi smuty, 3.
- Soviet Turmoil; The Soviet Coup and Its Aftermath: A Recap, in The New York Times, 25 August 1991, p. 16
- Russia Coup Trial Is Yielding A Maze, in The New York Times, 21 August 1992, p. 3
- Luk'ianov, V vodovorote rossiiskoi smuty, 4.
- Muse of Anti-Yeltsin Forces: He Is Feared, Never Ignored, in The New York Times, 2 May 1996
- Lukyanov's page on the OEG Petroservis website (Russian)