Ancestry of Elizabeth II

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Queen Elizabeth II, present sovereign of the Commonwealth realms, is the daughter of King George VI, the second-eldest son of King George V and Queen Mary; and of Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (later Queen Elizabeth, and, after her daughter's accession to the throne, the Queen Mother), the daughter of Claude Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne, and his wife, Cecilia Bowes-Lyon, Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne.

Queen Elizabeth II is the male-line great-granddaughter of Edward VII, who inherited the crown from his mother, Queen Victoria. His father, Victoria's consort, was Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha; hence Queen Elizabeth is a patrilineal descendant of Albert's family, the German princely House of Wettin. (Other notable members of this house are King Albert II of Belgium and former King Simeon II of Bulgaria.) Traced as far as possible, Elizabeth's male-line ancestry stretches back to Theodoric I, Count of Wettin; see Patrilineal descent of Elizabeth II.

Elizabeth is directly descended from many British royals: from the House of Stuart, from Mary, Queen of Scots; Robert the Bruce, and earlier Scottish royal houses; from the House of Tudor, and earlier Irish and English royal houses stretching back as far as the 7th century House of Wessex: one member of Wessex being Aethelflaed of Wessex's younger sister, Elfthryth.

As a great-great-granddaughter of Queen Victoria, she is related to the heads of most other reigning and non-reigning European royal houses. Through her great-grandmother Queen Alexandra, she is descended from the Danish royal House of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg, a line of the North German house of Oldenburg, one of the oldest in Europe. (Other members of the House of Glücksburg include Elizabeth's husband, Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, as well as Queen Margrethe II of Denmark, King Harald V of Norway, Queen Sofía of Spain and former King Constantine II of Greece—each of whom is also descended from Queen Victoria; one of her many cousins is King Juan Carlos I of Spain, also a great-great-grandson of Victoria.) Likewise, Elizabeth is descended from John William Friso, Prince of Orange, and his wife, Princess Marie Louise of Hesse-Kassel, who are the most recent common ancestors to all reigning European monarchs.[1]

Ancestor table[edit]

This table sets out the ancestry of Queen Elizabeth II for eight generations, numbered according to the Ahnentafel genealogical numbering system.

1. Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom

Generation 2 (parents)[edit]

2. George VI
3. Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon

Generation 3 (grandparents)[edit]

4. George V (father of 2)
5. Princess Mary of Teck (mother of 2)
6. Claude Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne (father of 3)
7. Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck (mother of 3)

Generation 4 (great-grandparents)[edit]

8. Edward VII of the United Kingdom (father of 4)
9. Princess Alexandra of Denmark (mother of 4)
10. Prince Francis, Duke of Teck (father of 5)
11. Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge (mother of 5)
12. Claude Bowes-Lyon, 13th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne (father of 6)
13. Frances Dora Smith (mother of 6)
14. Reverend Charles Cavendish-Bentinck (father of 7) – 2nd marriage
15. Caroline Louisa Burnaby (mother of 7)

Generation 5 (2nd great-grandparents)[edit]

16. Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (father of 8)
17. Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (mother of 8)
18. Christian IX of Denmark (father of 9)
19. Princess Louise of Hesse-Kassel (mother of 9)
20. Duke Alexander of Württemberg (father of 10)
21. Countess Claudine Rhédey von Kis-Rhéde (mother of 10)
22. Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge (father of 11)
23. Princess Augusta of Hesse-Kassel (mother of 11)
24. Thomas Lyon-Bowes, Lord Glamis (father of 12)
25. Charlotte Grimstead (mother of 12)
26. Oswald Smith (father of 13)
27. Henrietta Mildred Hodgson (mother of 13)
28. Lord Charles Bentinck (father of 14)
29. Anne Wellesley (mother of 14)
30. Edwyn Burnaby (father of 15)
31. Anne Caroline Salisbury (mother of 15)

Generation 6 (3rd great-grandparents)[edit]

32. Prince Ernest, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (father of 16)
33. Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (mother of 16)
34. Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn (father of 17)
35. Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, Dowager Princess of Leiningen (mother of 17)
36. Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg (father of 18)
37. Landgravine Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel (mother of 18)
38. Landgrave William of Hesse-Kassel (father of 19)
39. Princess Louise Charlotte of Denmark (mother of 19)
40. Duke Louis of Württemberg (father of 20)
41. Princess Henriette of Nassau-Weilburg (mother of 20)
42. Count Ladislaus Rhédey von Kis-Rhéde (father of 21)
43. Baroness Agnes Inczedy de Nagy-Várad (mother of 21)
44. George III of the United Kingdom (father of 22)
45. Duchess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (mother of 22)
46. Landgrave Frederick of Hesse-Kassel (or Hesse-Cassel) (father of 23)
47. Princess Caroline of Nassau-Usingen (mother of 23)
48. Thomas Lyon-Bowes, 11th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne (father of 24)
49. Mary Carpenter (mother of 24)
50. Joseph Valentine Grimstead (father of 25)
51. Charlotte Jane Sarah Walsh (mother of 25)
52. George Smith (father of 26)
53. Frances Mary Mosley (mother of 26)
54. Reverend Robert Hodgson (father of 27)
55. Mary Tucker (mother of 27)
56. William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland (father of 28)
57. Lady Dorothy Cavendish (mother of 28)
58. Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley (father of 29)
59. Hyacinth Roland (mother of 29)
60. Edwyn Andrew Burnaby (father of 30)
61. Mary Browne (mother of 30)
62. Thomas Salisbury (father of 31)
63. Frances Webb (mother of 31)

Generation 7 (4th great-grandparents)[edit]

64. Prince Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (father of 32)
65. Countess Augusta Reuss of Ebersdorf (mother of 32)
66. Prince Augustus, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (father of 33)
67. Duchess Louise Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (mother of 33)
68. George III of the United Kingdom (father of 34), same person as 44
69. Duchess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (mother of 34), same person as 45
70. Prince Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (father of 35) same person as 64
71. Countess Augusta Reuss of Ebersdorf (mother of 35) same person as 65
72. Prince Friedrich Karl Ludwig, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck (father of 36)
73. Countess Friederike of Schlieben (mother of 36)
74. Prince Charles of Hesse-Kassel (father of 37)
75. Princess Louise of Denmark and Norway (mother of 37)
76. Prince Frederick of Hesse-Kassel (father of 38), same person as 46
77. Princess Caroline of Nassau-Usingen (mother of 38), same person as 47
78. Prince Frederick, Hereditary Prince of Denmark and Norway (father of 39)
79. Duchess Sophia Frederica of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (mother of 39)
80. Prince Frederick Eugene, Duke of Württemberg (father of 40)
81. Margravine Sophia Dorothea of Brandenburg-Schwedt (mother of 40)
82. Prince Charles Christian, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg (father of 41)
83. Princess Carolina of Orange-Nassau (mother of 41)
84. Count Mihály Rhédey von Kis-Rhéde (father of 42)
85. Countess Terézia Bánffy de Losoncz (mother of 42)
86. Baron Gergely Inczédy de Nagy-Várad (father of 43)
87. Baroness Karoline Barcsay de Nagy-Barcsa (mother of 43)
88. Prince Frederick, Prince of Wales and Duke of Edinburgh (father of 44)
89. Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha (mother of 44)
90. Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg (father of 45)
91. Princess Elizabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen (mother of 45)
92. Prince Frederick, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (father of 46)
93. Princess Mary of Great Britain (mother of 46)
94. Prince Charles William, Prince of Nassau-Usingen (father of 47)
95. Countess Caroline Felizitas of Leiningen-Dagsburg (mother of 47)
96. John Lyon, 9th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne (father of 48)
97. Mary Bowes (mother of 48)
98. George Carpenter (father of 49)
99. Mary Elizabeth Walsh (mother of 49)
100. Thomas Grimstead (father of 50)
101. Elinor Creswick (mother of 50)
102. Frederick Walsh (father of 51)
103. NK (mother of 51)
104. Abel Smith (father of 52)
105. Mary Bird (mother of 52)
106. Sir John Parker Mosley, 1st Baronet (father of 53)
107. Elizabeth Bayley (mother of 53)
108. Robert Hodgson (father of 54)
109. Mildred Porteus (mother of 54)
110. Colonel Martin Tucker (father of 55)
111. Henrietta Baker (mother of 55)
112. William Bentinck, 2nd Duke of Portland (father of 56)
113. Lady Margaret Harley (mother of 56)
114. William Cavendish, 4th Duke of Devonshire (father of 57)
115. Charlotte Boyle, Marchioness of Hartington (mother of 57)
116. Garret Wesley, 1st Earl of Mornington (father of 58)
117. Anne Hill-Trevor (mother of 58)
118. Christopher Fagin (father of 59)
119. Hyacinthe Gabrielle Varis (mother of 59)
120. Andrew Burnaby (father of 60)
121. Anne Edwyn (mother of 60)
122. Reverend William Browne (father of 61)
123. Mary Adcock (mother of 61)
124. Thomas Salisbury (father of 62)
125. Mary Lister (mother of 62)
126. Francis Webb (father of 63)
127. Mary Garritt (mother of 63)

Generation 8 (5th great-grandparents)[edit]

128. Ernst Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (father of 64)
129. Sophia Antonia of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (mother of 64)
130. Heinrich XXIV, Count Reuss of Ebersdorf (father of 65)
131. Karoline Ernestine of Erbach-Schönberg (mother of 65)
132. Ernst II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (father of 66)
133. Charlotte of Saxe-Meiningen (mother of 66)
134. Friedrich Franz I, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (father of 67)
135. Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (mother of 67)
136. Frederick, Prince of Wales (father of 68), same person as 88
137. Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha (mother of 68), same person as 89
138. Duke Charles Louis Frederick of Mecklenburg (father of 69), same person as 90
139. Princess Elizabeth Albertine of Saxe-Hildburghausen (mother of 69), same person as 91
140. (father of 70) same person as 128
141. (mother of 70) same person as 129
142. (father of 71) same person as 130
143. (mother of 71) same person as 131
144. Karl Anton August, Prince of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck (father of 72)
145. Countess Charlotte of Dohna-Schlodien (mother of 72)
146. Count Charles Leopold von Schlieben (father of 73)
147. Countess Maria Eleonore of Lehndorff (mother of 73)
148. Frederick II, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (father of 74 & 76), same person as 92
149. Princess Mary of Great Britain (mother of 74 & 76), same person as 93
150. Frederick V of Denmark (father of 75 & 78)
151. Princess Louise of Great Britain (mother of 75)
152. (father of 76) same person as 148
153. (mother of 76) same person as 149
154. Charles William, Prince of Nassau-Usingen (father of 77), same person as 94
155. Countess Caroline Felizitas of Leiningen-Dagsburg (mother of 77), same person as 95
156. (father of 78) same person as 150
157. Duchess Juliana Maria of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (mother of 78)
158. Duke Louis of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (father of 79)
159. Princess Charlotte Sophie of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (mother of 79)
160. Karl Alexander, Duke of Württemberg (father of 80)
161. Princess Maria Augusta of Thurn and Taxis (mother of 80)
162. Margrave Frederick William of Brandenburg-Schwedt (father of 81)
163. Princess Sophia Dorothea of Prussia (mother of 81)
164. Charles August, Prince of Nassau-Weilburg (father of 82)
165. Augusta Frederika Wilhelmina of Nassau-Idstein (mother of 82)
166. William IV, Prince of Orange (father of 83)
167. Anne, Princess Royal and Princess of Orange (mother of 83)
168. Count László Rhédy de Kis-Rhéde (father of 84)
169. Countess Mária Toroczkay de Toroczkó-Szent-György (mother of 84)
170. Count Boldizsár Bánffy de Losoncz (father of 85)
171. Krisztina Kemény de Magyar-Gyerö-Monostor (mother of 85)
172. Baron Gergely Inczédy de Nagy-Várad (father of 86)
173. Baroness Ágnes Kendeffy de Malmoviz (mother of 86)
174. Baron Péter Barcsay de Nagy-Barcsa (father of 87)
175. Baroness Terézia Inczédy de Nagy-Várad (mother of 87)
176. George II of Great Britain (father of 88)
177. Caroline of Ansbach (mother of 88)
178. Frederick II, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (father of 89)
179. Magdalena Augusta of Anhalt-Zerbst (mother of 89)
180. Adolphus Frederick II, Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (father of 90)
181. Princess Christiane Emilie of Schwarzburg-Sondershausen (mother of 90)
182. Ernst Frederick I, Duke of Saxe-Hildburghausen (father of 91)
183. Countess Sophia Albertine of Erbach-Erbach (mother of 91)
184. William VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (father of 92)
185. Dorothea Wilhelmine of Saxe-Zeitz (mother of 92)
186. George II of Great Britain (father of 93), same person as 176
187. Caroline of Ansbach (mother of 93), same person as 177
188. Charles, Prince of Nassau-Usingen (father of 94)
189. Christina Wilhelmina of Saxe-Eisenach (mother of 94)
190. Christian Karl Reinhard of Leiningen-Dachsburg-Falkenburg-Heidesheim (father of 95)
191. Katherine Polyxene of Solms-Rödelheim and Assenheim (mother of 95)
192. Thomas Lyon, 8th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne (father of 96)
193. Jean Nicholsen (mother of 96)
194. George Bowes (father of 97)
195. Mary Gilbert (mother of 97)
196. (father of 98)
197. (mother of 98)
198. John Walsh (father of 99)
199. Elizabeth (mother of 99)
200. (father of 100)
201. (mother of 100)
202. (father of 101)
203. (mother of 101)
204. (father of 102)
205. (mother of 102)
206. (father of 103)
207. (mother of 103)
208. Abel Smith (father of 104)
209. (mother of 104)
210. (father of 105)
211. (mother of 105)
212. Nicholas Mosley (father of 106)
213. Elizabeth Parker (mother of 106)
214. James Bayley of Withington (father of 107)
215. Anne Peploe (mother of 107)
216. Robert Hodgson of Congleton (father of 108)
217. Mildred Porteus (mother of 108)
218. (father of 109)
219. (mother of 109)
220. (father of 110)
221. (mother of 110)
222. (father of 111)
223. (mother of 111)
224. Henry Bentinck, 1st Duke of Portland(father of 112)
225. Elizabeth Noel (mother of 112)
226. Edward Harley, 2nd Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer (father of 113)
227. Lady Henrietta Cavendish Holles (mother of 113)
228. William Cavendish, 3rd Duke of Devonshire (father of 114)
229. Catherine Hoskins (mother of 114)
230. Richard Boyle, 3rd Earl of Burlington (father of 115)
231. Lady Dorothy Savile (mother of 115)
232. Richard Wesley, 1st Baron Mornington (father of 116)
233. Elizabeth Sale (mother of 116)
234. Arthur Hill-Trevor, 1st Viscount Dungannon (father of 117)
235. Anne Stafford of Brownstown (mother of 117)
236. (father of 118)
237. (mother of 118)
238. (father of 119)
239. (mother of 119)
240. Reverend Andrew Burnaby (father of 120)
241. (mother of 120)
242. (father of 121)
243. (mother of 121)
244. (father of 122)
245. (mother of 122)
246. (father of 123)
247. (mother of 123)
248. (father of 124)
249. (mother of 124)
250. (father of 125)
251. (mother of 125)
252. (father of 126)
253. (mother of 126)
254. (father of 127)
255. (mother of 127)

Generation 9 (6th great-grandparents)[edit]

256. Francis Josias, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (father of 128)
257. Anna Sophie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (mother of 128)
258. Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Lüneburg (father of 129)
259. Antoinette Amelie of Brunswick-Lüneburg (mother of 129)
260. Heinrich XXIX, Count of Reuss-Ebersdorf (father of 130)
261. Sophie Theodora of Castell-Remlingen (mother of 130)
262. George August, Count of Erbach-Schönberg (father of 131)
263. Ferdinande Henriette, Countess of Stolberg-Gedern (mother of 131)
264. Frederick III, Duke of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (father of 132)
265. Luise Dorothea of Saxe-Meiningen (mother of 132)
266. Anton Ulrich, Duke of Saxe-Meiningen (father of 133)
267. Charlotte Amalie of Hesse-Philippsthal (mother of 133)
268. Duke Louis of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (father of 134)
269. Princess Charlotte Sophie of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (mother of 134)
270. Prince John August of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg (father of 135)
271. Countess Louise Reuss of Schleiz (mother of 135)
288. Peter August, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Beck (father of 144)
289. Landgravine Sophie of Hesse-Philippsthal (mother of 144)
290. Albert Christoph, Count of Dohna-Schlodien in Leistenau (father of 145)
291. Princess Sophie Henriette of Schleswig-Holstein-Sønderburg-Beck (mother of 145)
292. George Adam, Count of Schlieben (father of 146)
293. Countess Katharina Dorothea Finck of Finckenstein (mother of 146)
294. Ahasverus Ernst, Count of Lehndorff (father of 147)
295. Marie Louise of Wallenrodt (mother of 147)
296. William VIII, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (father of 148), same person as 184
297. Princess Dorothea Wilhelmine of Saxe-Zeitz (mother of 148), same person as 185
298. George II of Great Britain (father of 149 & 151), same person as 186
299. Margravine Caroline of Brandenburg-Ansbach (mother of 149 & 151), same person as 187
300. Christian VI of Denmark (father of 150)
301. Margravine Sophia Magdalena of Brandenburg-Culmbach (mother of 150)
302. (father of 151) same person as 298
303. (mother of 151) same person as 299
304. (father of 152) same person as 296
305. (mother of 152) same person as 297
306. (father of 153) same person as 298
307. (mother of 153) same person as 299
308. Charles, Prince of Nassau-Usingen (father of 154), same person as 188
309. Princess Christiane Wilhelmine of Saxe-Eisenach (mother of 154), same person as 189
310. Christian Karl Reinhard of Leiningen-Dachsburg-Falkenburg-Heidesheim (father of 155), same person as 190
311. Countess Katharina Polyxena of Solms-Rödelheim and Assenheim (mother of 155), same person as 191
312. same person as 300
313. same person as 301
314. Ferdinand Albert II, Duke of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (father of 157)
315. Duchess Antoinette Amalie of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel (mother of 157)
316. Christian Louis II, Duke of Mechlenburg-Schwerin (father of 158)
317. Duchess Gustave Caroline of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (mother of 158)
318. Francis Josias, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (father of 159)
319. Princess Anna Sophie of Schwarzburg-Rudolstadt (mother of 159)
320. Frederick Charles, Duke of Württemberg-Winnental (father of 160)
321. Eleonore Juliane of Brandenburg-Ansbach (mother of 160)
322. Anselm Franz, 2nd Prince of Thurn and Taxis (father of 161)
323. Maria Ludovika Anna Franziska, Princess of Lobkowicz (mother of 161)
324. Philip William, Margrave of Brandenburg-Schwedt (father of 162)
325. Princess Johanna Charlotte of Anhalt-Dessau (mother of 162)
326. Frederick William I of Prussia (father of 163)
327. Sophia Dorothea of Hanover (mother of 163)
328. John Ernst, Count of Nassau-Weilburg (father of 164)
329. Maria Polyxena of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Hartenburg (mother of 164)
330. George August, Count of Nassau-Idstein (father of 165)
331. Henriette Dorothea of Oettingen(mother of 165)
332. John William Friso, Prince of Orange (father of 166)
333. Landgravine Marie Louise of Hesse-Kassel (mother of 166)
334. same person as 186 (father of 167)
335. same person as 187 (mother of 167
368. Charles I, Landgrave of Hesse-Kassel (father of 184)
369. Maria Amalia of Courland (mother of 184)
370. Maurice William, Duke of Saxe-Zeitz (father of 185)
371. Marie Amalie of Brandenburg (mother of 185)
372. George I of Great Britain (father of 186)
373. Sophia Dorothea of Celle (mother of 186)
374. John Frederick, Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach (father of 187)
375. Princess Eleonore Erdmuthe of Saxe-Eisenach (mother of 187)
376. William Henry, Prince of Nassau-Usingen (father of 188)
377. Charlotte Amalie, Countess of Nassau-Dillenburg (mother of 188)
378. John William III, Duke of Saxe-Eisenach (father of 189)
379. Magdalene Sibylle of Saxe-Weissenfels (mother of 189)
380. John, Count of Leiningen-Dagsburg-Falkenburg (father of 190)
381. Countess Johanna Magdalene of Hanau-Lichtenberg (mother of 190)
382. George Louis, Count of Solms-Rödelheim and Assenheim (father of 191)
383. Countess Charlotte Sybille Ahlefeldt (mother of 191)
384. John Lyon, 4th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne (father of 192)
385. Elizabeth Lyon, Countess of Strathmore (mother of 192)
388. Sir William Bowes MP (father of 194)
389. Elizabeth Blakiston (mother of 194)
416. Thomas Smith (father of 208)
430. The Rt Rev Samuel Peploe (father of 215)
431. Anne Browne (mother of 215)
448. Hans William Bentinck, 1st Earl of Portland (father of 224)
449. Anne Villiers (mother of 224)
450. Wriothesley Noel, 2nd Earl of Gainsborough (father of 225)
451. Catherine Greville (mother of 225)
452. Robert Harley, 1st Earl of Oxford and Earl Mortimer (father of 226)
453. Elizabeth Foley (mother of 226)
454. John Holles, 1st Duke of Newcastle (father of 227)
455. Lady Margaret Cavendish (mother of 227)
456. William Cavendish, 2nd Duke of Devonshire (father of 228)
457. The Hon Rachel Russell (mother of 228)
458. John Hoskins (father of 229)
459. Catherine Hale (mother of 229)
460. Charles Boyle, 2nd Earl of Burlington (father of 230)
461. Juliana Noel (mother of 230)
462. William Savile, 2nd Marquess of Halifax (father of 231)
463. Mary Finch (mother of 231)
464. Henry Colley (father of 232)
465. Mary Usher (mother of 232)
466. John Sale (father of 233)
467. Ellinor Desminières (mother of 233)
468. Michael Hill (father of 234)
469. Anne Trevor (mother of 234)
470. Edmund Francis Stafford (father of 235)
471. Penelope Leslie (mother of 235)

Ancestry chart[edit]

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
32. Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
16. Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha (1819–1861)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
33. Princess Louise of Saxe-Gotha-Altenburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
8. Edward VII of the United Kingdom (1841–1910)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
34. Prince Edward, Duke of Kent and Strathearn
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
17. Queen Victoria of the United Kingdom (1819–1901)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
35. Princess Victoria of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
4. George V of the United Kingdom (1865–1936)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
36. Friedrich Wilhelm, Duke of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glücksburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
18. Christian IX of Denmark (1818–1906)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
37. Princess Louise Caroline of Hesse-Kassel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
9. Princess Alexandra of Denmark (1844–1925)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
38. Prince William of Hesse-Kassel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
19. Princess Louise of Hesse Kassel (1817–1898)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
39. Princess Louise Charlotte of Denmark
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
2. George VI of the United Kingdom (1895–1952)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
40. Duke Louis of Württemberg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
20. Duke Alexander of Württemberg (1804–1885)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
41. Princess Henriette of Nassau-Weilburg
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
10. Francis, Duke of Teck (1837–1900)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
42. Count László Rhédey von Kis-Rhéde
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
21. Countess Claudine Rhédey von Kis-Rhéde (1812–1841)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
43. Baroness Ágnes Inczédy von Nagy-Várad
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
5. Princess Mary of Teck (1867–1953)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
44. George III of the United Kingdom
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
22. Prince Adolphus, Duke of Cambridge (1774–1850)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
45. Duchess Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
11. Princess Mary Adelaide of Cambridge (1833–1897)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
46. Prince Frederick of Hesse-Kassel
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
23. Princess Augusta of Hesse-Kassel (1797–1889)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
47. Princess Caroline of Nassau-Usingen
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
1. Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom (b. 1926)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
48. Thomas Lyon-Bowes, 11th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne (1773–1846)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
24. Thomas Lyon-Bowes, Lord Glamis (1801–1834)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
49. Mary Elizabeth Louisa Carpenter
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
12. Claude Bowes-Lyon, 13th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne (1824–1904)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
50. Joseph Valentine Grimstead
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
25. Charlotte Grimstead (c. 1798–1881)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
51. Charlotte Jane Sarah Walsh
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
6. Claude Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne (1855–1944)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
52. George Smith
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
26. Oswald Smith (1794–1863)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
53. Frances Mary Mosley
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
13. Frances Dora Smith (1832–1922)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
54. Robert Hodgson, Dean of Carlisle
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
27. Henrietta Mildred Hodgson
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
55. Mary Tucker
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
3. Lady Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon (1900–2002)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
56. William Cavendish-Bentinck, 3rd Duke of Portland
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
28. Lord Charles Cavendish-Bentinck (1780–1826)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
57. Lady Dorothy Cavendish
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
14. Reverend Charles Cavendish-Bentinck (1817–1865)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
58. Richard Wellesley, 1st Marquess Wellesley
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
29. Anne Wellesley (1795–1875)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
59. Hyacinthe-Gabrielle Roland
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
7. Cecilia Cavendish-Bentinck (1862–1938)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
60. Edwyn Andrew Burnaby
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
30. Edwyn Burnaby (1798–1867)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
61. Mary Browne
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
15. Caroline Louisa Burnaby (1832–1918)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
62. Thomas Salisbury
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
31. Anne Caroline Salisbury (1805–1881)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
63. Frances Webb
 
 
 
 
 
 

Patrilineal descent[edit]

Elizabeth's patrilineal descent (the principle behind membership in Germanic royal houses) can be traced back through the generations—which means that if Elizabeth II were to choose a historically accurate house name it would be Wettin, as all her male-line ancestors have been members.[citation needed]

The line diverges from the British royal line at Victoria's husband, Prince Albert, and from then on follows his paternal ancestors.

  1. Theodoric I, Count of Wettin, d. 976
  2. Dedi I, Count in the Hessegau, 946–1009
  3. Theodoric II, Margrave of Lower Lusatia, 991–1034
  4. Thimo I, Count of Wettin, d. 1099
  5. Thimo II the Brave, Count of Wettin, d. 1118
  6. Conrad, Margrave of Meissen, 1098–1157
  7. Otto II, Margrave of Meissen, 1125–1190
  8. Theodoric I, Margrave of Meissen, 1162–1221
  9. Henry III, Margrave of Meissen, c. 1215 – 1288
  10. Albert II, Margrave of Meissen, 1240–1314
  11. Frederick I, Margrave of Meissen, 1257–1323
  12. Frederick II, Margrave of Meissen, 1310–1349
  13. Frederick III, Landgrave of Thuringia, 1332–1381
  14. Frederick I, Elector of Saxony, 1370–1428
  15. Frederick II, Elector of Saxony, 1412–1464
  16. Ernest, Elector of Saxony, 1441–1486
  17. John, Elector of Saxony, 1468–1532
  18. John Frederick I, Elector of Saxony, 1503–1554
  19. Johann Wilhelm, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, 1530–1573
  20. John II, Duke of Saxe-Weimar, 1570–1605
  21. Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Gotha, 1601–1675
  22. John Ernest IV, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, 1658–1729
  23. Francis Josias, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, 1697–1764
  24. Ernest Frederick, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, 1724–1800
  25. Francis, Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld, 1750–1806
  26. Ernest I, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, 1784–1844
  27. Albert, Prince Consort, 1819–1861
  28. Edward VII of the United Kingdom, 1841–1910
  29. George V of the United Kingdom, 1865–1936
  30. George VI of the United Kingdom, 1895–1952
  31. Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom, b. 1926

The matrilineal descent of Elizabeth II can only be traced back clearly six generations, to Mary Garritt, mother of Frances Webb.[2]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bousfield, Arthur; Toffoli, Gary (2002). Fifty Years the Queen. Toronto: Dundurn Press. p. 22. ISBN 1-55002-360-8. 
  2. ^ Edward J. Davies, “The Ancestry of Frances Webb, Wife of Thomas Salisbury of Fordington, Dorset”, Genealogists’ Magazine, 27(2001-03):348-54.